Expert Guidance on Compliance for Private Limited Companies

Navigating compliance can be a complex challenge for private limited companies in India. Adhering to the comprehensive requirements of the Companies Act 2013, including director appointments, shareholder meetings, and other regulatory obligations, is crucial but can often seem overwhelming.

That's where IndiaFilings steps in. We provide expert guidance and comprehensive solutions tailored to your company's needs, simplifying the compliance process from registration to ongoing obligations. Our team of specialists is equipped with in-depth knowledge of Indian business laws and regulations, ensuring your company meets company compliance requirements. Whether you are a startup or an established enterprise, IndiaFilings is your partner in simplifying compliance.

Let's make Company compliance hassle-free together! Get Started now!

Compliance for Private Limited Company

Compliance refers to adhering to orders, rules, or requests. For a private limited company incorporated in India, Compliance with the Companies Act 2013, which includes obligations to the Registrar of Companies (RoC), is essential for private limited companies in India. This legislation governs various aspects, including the appointment, qualification, remuneration, and retirement of directors and the conduct of board and shareholder meetings. Compliance with Registrar of Companies (RoC) regulations is mandatory for every private limited company, regardless of turnover or capital amount.

  • Compliance Related to the Registrar - ROC Complaince
  • Compliance Beyond the Registrar's Purview - Non-Registrar compliance

ROC Compliance for Private Limited Company

As mentioned above, These are obligations that a company must fulfil in accordance with the regulations set by the Registrar of Companies (ROC) or equivalent authority. They typically involve statutory filings and adherence to the Companies Act provisions.

Ensuring adherence to ROC compliance is pivotal for companies operating in India. ROC Compliance for Private limited company can be broadly classified into:

  • Annual Compliance: These are the regular, yearly filings and disclosures companies must make, including submitting annual returns and financial statements.
  • Event-Based Compliance: These are specific compliances that need to be addressed as and when certain events occur within the company, such as changes in the company's management, share capital, or registered office.
  • Other Compliances: This category includes a range of other regulatory obligations that might not fall strictly under annual or event-based categories but are essential for maintaining the company's legal status, such as director KYC updates and maintenance of statutory registers.

Annual Compliances for Private Limited Company

Annual compliances are a critical aspect of corporate governance for companies registered in India. Key annual compliances include:

INC-20A: Declaration for Commencement of Business

For companies registered in India post-November 2019 with a share capital, securing a Commencement of Business Certificate is a prerequisite before initiating any business activities or exercising borrowing powers. This certificate must be acquired within 180 days of incorporation by filing Form INC-20A.

Failure to obtain this certificate results in penalties, with the company facing a fine of Rs. 50,000 and directors being charged Rs. 1,000 per day for each non-compliance, underscoring the importance of promptly adhering to this regulatory requirement.

Appointment of Auditor and Filing E-form ADT-1

The first auditor must be appointed within 30 days of incorporation and ratified by the shareholders during the first Annual General Meeting (AGM). Following the AGM, Form ADT-1 confirming the auditor's appointment must be filed with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) within 15 days.

Board Meetings

The first board meeting should be held within 30 days of incorporation. Subsequently, companies must hold at least four board meetings every year, ensuring that the interval between two meetings is at most 120 days.

Further, the discussion in the meeting needs to be drafted and recorded in the minutes and maintained at the company's registered office.

A notice should be given seven days in advance about the meeting's date and purpose.

Annual General Meeting (AGM)

The first AGM should be conducted within nine months from the closure of the first financial year. For subsequent years, the AGM must be held every year within six months from the end of the financial year, ensuring that the gap between two AGMs is at most 15 months.

AGMs are held for approval of financial statements, declaration of dividends, appointment or re-appointment of auditors, commission, remuneration of directors, etc.

The meeting is held during business hours on a day that is not a public holiday. It shall occur at the company's registration or the city, village, or town in which the registered office is situated.

Annual ROC Filings

Private Limited Companies must file annual accounts and returns to the companies' registrar, disclosing the details of their shareholders, directors, etc.

As a part of the annual compliance for private limited company, the following forms are to be filed with the ROC:

AOC-4: Filing of Financial Statements

This form is for filing the company's financial statements and must be submitted within 30 days following the Annual General Meeting (AGM).

MGT-7 - Annual Returns

Form MGT-7 (Annual returns) must be filed within 60 days of the annual general meeting

DIR-12: Appointment/Resignation of Directors

This form pertains to changes in the company's directorship, including appointments and resignations, and must be filed within 30 days of such changes.

DIR-3 KYC: Director KYC Submission

Directors are required to submit their KYC details through Form DIR-3 by September 30th each year, provided their Director Identification Number (DIN) was allotted by March 31st of that year and the status is 'Approved'. Failure to file DIN eKYC results in a penalty of Rs. 5000.

DPT-3: Return of Deposits

Companies must use this form to report details of deposits and other non-deposit receipts annually by June 30th.

Directors’ Report

An abridged version covering all required information for small companies under Section 134 must be prepared. It should be authorized by the Chairperson or at least two directors.

Maintenance of Statutory Registers and Books of Accounts

Companies must maintain and regularly update various statutory registers and records, including minutes of board meetings and AGMs, books of accounts, financial statements, and files with the ROC.

Circulation of Financial Statements and Other Relevant Documents

Companies must send approved financial statements, along with the Directors' and Auditors' reports, to all members at least 21 clear days before the AGM.

For ready reference, below is a table summarizing the annual compliances for private limited company and their respective due dates:

Annual compliances for Private Limited Company Due Date
Commencement of Business Certificate (COB) Within 180 days of incorporation
Appointment of Auditor and Filing E-form ADT-1 Within 15 days of the AGM
Holding Board Meetings As per the schedule of board meetings
Conducting the Annual General Meeting (AGM) Within 9 months from financial year-end
INC-20A: Declaration for Commencement of Business Within 180 days of incorporation
AOC-4: Filing of Financial Statements Within 30 days of the AGM
MGT-7A: Annual Returns for Small Companies/OPCs Within 60 days of the AGM
DIR-12: Appointment/Resignation of Directors Within 30 days of appointment/resignation
DIR-3 KYC: Director KYC Submission By September 30th each year
MGT-14: Filing of Board Resolutions Within 30 days of passing the resolution
DPT-3: Return of Deposits By June 30th each year
Directors’ Report At least 21 days before the AGM
Maintenance of Statutory Registers and Books of Accounts Throughout the financial year
Circulation of Financial Statements and Other Relevant Documents At least 21 days before the AGM

Event-Based Compliances for Private Limited Company

Besides the annual filings, there are various other compliances that need to be compiled with on occurrence of any event in the company.

Here are specific instances of such events:

  • Change in the authorized capital or the paid-up capital of the company.
  • Allotment of new shares or transfer new shares
  • giving loans to other companies
  • giving loans to directors
  • Appointment of managing or whole-time Director and their payment
  • when a bank account is opened or closed, or there is a change in the signatories of a bank account.
  • if there is an appointment or change of the statutory auditors of the company

It is necessary to file different forms with the registrar for all such events within a specific period. In case of missing out on this, additional fees or penalties might be levied. Hence, it is necessary to meet such compliances on time.

Non-Registrar compliance

These regulatory obligations do not directly involve the ROC but are essential for lawful business operations. They may be governed by various other regulatory bodies and laws, depending on the nature of the business, its size, and the industry it operates in. These include:

  • Payment of Periodic Tax Due: Regular payment of Goods and Services Tax (GST) liability, Tax Deducted at Source (TDS), Tax Collected at Source (TCS), Advance Tax, and Professional Tax (PTax).
  • Filing of Periodic Returns:
  • Monthly/Quarterly/Annual GST Returns
  • Quarterly TDS Returns
  • Filing of Income Tax Returns
  • Filing of Tax Audit Report
  • Filing of half-yearly Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) returns
  • Filing of Provident Fund (PF) returns
  • Filing of professional tax (PTax) returns
  • Regulatory Assessment and Reporting: Compliance with various regulatory assessments and reporting requirements under different acts of law, such as the Environment Protection Act, Competition Act, and Factory Act.

Non-compliance Penalty

Non-compliance with the rules and regulations of the Companies Act in India can result in penalties for the company and its defaulting members. Penalties typically involve fines imposed for the duration of the non-compliance. Additionally, delays in annual filings may incur additional fees. Therefore, companies should fulfil their compliance obligations promptly to avoid penalties and financial repercussions.

Streamline Company Compliance with IndiaFilings

With IndiaFilings, entrepreneurs can seamlessly complete their company compliance requirements. Here's how we can help:

LEDGERS Compliance Platform

We offer access to the LEDGERS compliance platform, which is designed to streamline compliance tasks. Entrepreneurs can use this platform to manage their compliance obligations efficiently, track deadlines, generate reports, etc.

Dedicated Advisor

Your company will be assigned a dedicated Compliance Manager who will be a single point of contact to help you maintain the compliance for your company. You can get in touch with your Compliance Manager at anytime and get assistance on matters related to your Company’s compliance.


All companies are required to maintain accounts and prepare financial statements at the end of each financial year. Our Compliance Manager will help your company maintain accounts and will prepare the financial statement for your business at the end of financial year.

Secretarial Services

Companies are required to conduct a minimum of four board meetings, an annual general meeting, Directors Report and Annual Report each financial year. Our Compliance Manager will help you prepare minutes of board meetings and create all secretarial reports.

MCA Annual Return Filing

Annual General Meeting should be held by a company within 6 months from the end of that financial year. And MCA annual return must be filed on or before September 30th. Our Compliance Manager will prepare all the documents and file your company’s MCA annual return.

Income Tax Return Filing

Income tax return of a company must be filed irrespective of income, profit or loss. Hence, even dormant companies with no transactions are required to file income tax return each year. Our Compliance Manager will prepare all the documents and file your company’s income tax return.

Ready to streamline compliance effortlessly? Let IndiaFilings be your trusted partner. Get started today and experience hassle-free compliance management.

Company Compliance FAQ's

What are the filings for the company?

Company filing refers to submitting various legal forms and documents to the Registrar of Companies (ROC) as required by the Companies Act 2013. Some of the common types of company filings that need to be filed with the MCA are as follows:
  • Incorporation Documents
  • Annual Returns
  • Financial Statements
  • Changes in Directors or Shareholders
  • Registered Office Change
  • Director Identification Number
  • Company Filings for Approval
  • Charge Management
To read in detail about the filings for the company - click here.

Can I run a small business without registering?

In India, small businesses can be run without registering, but it is recommended to register the company to obtain certain benefits and to ensure legal compliance. There are several unregistered business structures that small enterprises commonly use:
  • Sole Proprietorship
  • A partnership Firm
  • Hindu Undivided Family (HUF)
To learn more about running a small business without registering, click here

How do I legally file a Business?

Starting a business in India requires compliance with various legal requirements, including registering the business, obtaining necessary licenses and permits, and complying with labor and tax laws. Some of the essential legal requirements for starting a business in India are as follows:
  • Choose a Business Structure
  • Register Your Business Name
  • Obtain Director Identification Number (DIN)
  • Incorporate the Business
  • Obtain PAN and TAN
  • Obtain Other Licenses and Permits
  • Labor Laws Compliance
  • Tax Compliance
  • Get Insurance
  • Open a Business Bank Account
Refer to our article to know more about the how legally file a Business.

Does the appointment of the statutory auditor fall under annual compliance?

A company can appoint a statutory auditor either for five consecutive years or till the conclusion of the next Annual general meeting. Therefore, an appointment of the statutory auditor cannot be considered as a part of annual compliance.

What are the compliances of a Private Limited Company?

A company is required to maintain the compliances once the company is incorporated. The auditor is to be appointed within 30 days. Additionally, there is income tax filing and annual return filing that is to be done every year.

Is it necessary to conduct AGM?

The annual general meeting (AGM) is held for the management and the shareholders to interact with each other. The Companies Act,2013 makes it compulsory to hold meetings to discuss the yearly results and appoint auditors.

Is it mandatory to get a Private Limited Company audited?

The statutory audit as the name suggests is a mandatory audit for all companies. All the entities that are unregistered under the Companies Act as Private or Public Limited Companies need to get the books of accounts audited every year.

How to file the annual returns of the Company?

The companies incorporated under the Companies Act,1956 are required to file the following documents with the ROC The balance sheet in form 23AC which is to be filed by all the companies Profit and loss account in form 23ACA which is to be file by all the companies.

Is audit report mandatory for all the private limited companies?

The Private Limited Companies are required to file the annual accounts and the returns that disclose the details of the shareholder and the directors to the ROC.

When is annual return to be filed after the AGM?

After the AGM all the private limited companies are required to file the annual return within 60 days of holding the annual general meeting.

What is ROC Compliance?

ROC is the officer governed by the MCA that deals with the functioning, the ROC has to ensure that the Private Limited Companies and the LLPs comply with the statutory requirement of the ACT. The registrar of the companies functions as the regulator for the companies registered with them.

Which Form is to be filed for the appointment of the statutory auditor?

Form ADT-1 is filed for appointing or replacing the Statutory Auditor.

Which form is to be attached to the Companies Director Report?

MGT-9 is attached to the company's director report, which is an extract of MGT -7

Are audited Financial statements mandatory while annual filing of the Private Limited Companies?

Audited financial statements are necessary for every company from its incorporation. The company must file the audited statements only.

What is the annual Compliance of the company?

Annual Compliance means a specific set of Compliance that a company has to fulfill post-incorporation to commence and continue its operations. Under the Companies Act 2013, various compliances must be completed every Year.
Click here to learn more about the Annual Compliance of the Company.

What is the main purpose of Compliance?

The main purpose of company compliance is to adhere to internal policies and procedures and governmental laws. Implementing compliance procedures protects the company's reputational risk, improves the company's vision and value, and prevents and detects violations of rules.
To learn more about the main purpose of Compliance, Click here

What are the different types of Compliance?

There are two main types of Compliance; External and Internal. Both types of Compliance involve a framework of regulations, practices, and rules.
Refer to our article to know more about the different types of Compliance.

Zero Late Fee Platform

Many small businesses pay lakhs in penalty every year to the Government for late filing various statutory returns. Such penalty or late fee paid is not tax deductible and is a drain on profitability. At IndiaFilings, our mission is to provide the most affordable services to our customers and help them avoid all late fee.To achieve our mission - we have built enterprise grade technology to help you proactively know the upcoming compliance and avoid penalty.Checkout our compliance services below, talk to an Advisor and stop paying unwanted late fees.

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