Winding up of an LLP

What is the winding up of an LLP?

The LLPs are newly formed business entities that were introduced through the LLP Act,2008 in India. The Limited Liabilities enjoy the audit exemption if the annual turnover of the LLP is less than Rs40 lakh or the capital contribution is less than Rs.25 lakhs.

The Limited Liability partnership is a basic partnership in which all the partners share limited liabilities as the LLP is set up under certain legal terms and documentation. There is a specific process as to how an individual can register his or her LLP. As there are advantages of registering as an LLP in India, there are also some disadvantages. Many of them are also unsure about the process of Winding up an LLP. Here, we are going to take a look at how to wind up an LLP in India.

Section 63,64 and 65 of the LLP Act,2008 regulates the process of winding up of the LLP. The Limited Liability Partnership winding up can be initiated voluntarily or by a tribunal. Let us take a look at both in detail.

Winding up of an LLP by the tribunal

The Winding-up of the LLP is initiated by a tribunal for the following reasons:

  • The LLP wants to wind up.
  • There are less than two partners in the LLP for more than 6 months
  • The LLP is not in a position to pay debts
  • The LLP has acted against the interest of the sovereignty and the integrity of India, the specified security of the state or public order.
  • The LLP has not filed with the statement of accounts and solvency or the LLP annual returns for any five consecutive financial years with the Registrar.
  • The Tribunal thinks that is just and equitable that the LLP should windup.

Voluntary winding-up of an LLP

The LLP winding-up process can be easily initiated with the approval of 3/4th of the partners. To begin with the liquidation process for the LLP the designated partners need to make a declaration that the LLP does not have any debt or that the LLP will pay the debts totally within not more than 1 year from the process of winding up of an LLP.

Also, the LLP partners need to declare that the LLP is not winding up because of any frauds. This statement of the declaration must be prepared along with the statement of the assets and the liabilities until the most recent practicable date right before making the declaration for winding up of the LLPs.

Also, a valuation of the assets that are relevant to the LLP should be prepared and submitted, in case of any assets. Voluntary winding up the LLP will be effective from the start date of passing the resolution for the reason of voluntary winding up of the LLP.

Procedure to Windup LLP

How-to Wind-up LLP?

To initiate the process of winding up of an LLP a resolution for winding up the LLP should be passed and filed with the registrar within 30 days of passing the resolution for the same. The date of passing the resolution of the winding up of the LLP the voluntary winding up shall be deemed to commence.

After the resolution for winding up of the LLP is filed with the registrar, the majority of Partners shall make a declaration that is verified by an affidavit to the effect that the LLP has no debts or that it will be in the position to pay the full debts within a period as mentioned in the declaration (This period should not exceed one year from the date of the commencement of winding up of the LLP).

Along with the affidavit that is signed by the majority of the Partners the following documents should be filed with the registrar within 15 days of passing the resolution for winding up an LLP:

  • The statement of the assets and liabilities for the period from the last two accounts closure to date of winding up of LLP attested by at least two partners
  • Report of the valuation of the assets of the LLP prepared by the valuer if there are any.

Winding up with the Creditors

The majority of the partners are needed to announce Form 2 stating that they have no sum unpaid or that they will clear the debts within a specified period but not exceedingly more than a year from the date of passing the resolution for the sake of winding up.

Publication of the resolution

Now after passing the resolution of winding up and receiving the consent from the creditors for winding up within 14 days, the LLP is required to publish an advertisement regarding the resolution of the winding up in a newspaper that is circulated in the territory where the registered office is located or where the office of the LLP is registered.

Appointment of the LLP Liquidator

After the approval from a majority of the partners is obtained through the resolution, a voluntary liquidator as the LLP liquidator is appointed with fixed remuneration. The liquidator will be appointed only after the approval of 2/3rd of the creditors in the value of the LLP.

The creditors also have a choice to nominate an LLP liquidator and in case of the instantaneous appointment by the creditors and the partners, the LLP liquidator that is appointed by the creditors will come to existence. If the liquidator is acting then the tribunal will be appointing an LLP liquidator.

Filing of winding up by a Liquidator

After the affairs of the LLP are fully wound up, the LLP liquidator will need to prepare a report that states how the winding-up of the LLP has been conducted and the property of the LLP has been disposed of.

In case two-thirds of the number of the Partners and creditors in value are satisfied with the report of winding up that is prepared by the LLP liquidator, then a resolution for winding up the accounts and the explanation for the dissolution must be passed by the partners.

The LLP liquidator is then required to send this LLP winding up report along with the resolution to the Registrar and file an application with the tribunal.


A report will be made by the LLP liquidator as soon as the affairs of the LLP are wound up. Discharging the liabilities of the LLPS mean that the liabilities have been discharged, the assets have been liquidated, a report will be made by the LLP liquidator in Form 9. This form states how the company has been wound up and also includes the final accounts closing with the detailed explanation and the property which has been disposed of. Once this approval of the partners, the creditors are sought for dissolution.

In the end, it can be concluded by saying that closing an LLP is rather a two-way process where one wants to wind up the LLP and decides to do it as well as other circumstances make one do it.

Striking off

The Limited Liability Partnership Rules, 2009 was recently amended by introducing the Limited Liability Partnership Rules,2017 with effect from 20th May 2017. Under this amendment form, LLP 24 has been introduced by the MCA and now it is possible to windup the LLP easily by just making an application to the Registrar for striking off the name of the LLP.

Before the introduction of this Limited Liability Partnership Rules,2017 the procedure for winding up an LLP used to be very long and cumbersome. But, the introduction of LLP form 24 under the new amendment has made the whole process very easy and simple.

What happens after the winding-up on an LLP?

Once the process of Winding up begins a company is not allowed to pursue its business except in case if the LLP has to complete the liquidation and the distribution of the assets. By the end of the process, the company will be dissolved and the LLP will effectively cease to exist.

Winding Up - LLP FAQ's

What is winding up an LLP?

Winding up an LLP means legally closing the partnership and liquidating its assets. It involves settling debts, distributing remaining assets, and ending the LLPs operations organizationally. The partners can do it voluntarily or through a court order in specific situations.

What are the reasons for winding up an LLP?

Winding up an LLP can occur due to various reasons, such as completion of the LLPs objectives, financial difficulties, insolvency, or unanimous decision of the partners

What is the procedure for the voluntary winding up of an LLP?

The voluntary winding up of an LLP involves:
  • Passing a special resolution by the partners
  • Appointing a liquidator
  • Notifying the Registrar
  • Liquidating the LLPs assets

What are the steps involved in the compulsory winding up of an LLP?

The compulsory winding up of an LLP can be initiated by the Tribunal based on certain grounds, and it involves filing a winding-up petition, appointing a provisional liquidator, conducting investigations, and settling debts.

What is the role of the designated partners during the winding-up process?

The designated partners are responsible for facilitating the winding up, cooperating with the liquidator, preserving and providing necessary records, and ensuring compliance with legal requirements.

What are the implications of winding up an LLP on its partners and creditors?

Winding up may result in the dissolution of the LLP, ceasing its operations, and distributing the remaining assets to settle the debts and obligations to the creditors. The partners may have liability, if any, based on their contributions.

Can an LLP be revived or reinstated after it has been wound up?

Generally, once an LLP has been wound up and dissolved, it cannot be revived. However, in exceptional cases, the court may allow restoration under certain circumstances.

How long does the winding-up process of an LLP usually take?

The duration of the winding-up process depends on various factors, such as the complexity of the LLPs affairs, the cooperation of the partners, and any legal complexities involved.

What are the statutory requirements for filing the necessary documents during winding up?

The LLP needs to file necessary forms and documents with the Registrar of Companies, including:
  • LLP Agreement
  • Financial Statements
  • Books of Accounts
  • Records of Assets and Liabilities
  • Tax Records

What are the consequences of non-compliance during the winding-up process?

Non-compliance with legal requirements during the winding-up process may lead to penalties, legal actions, and potential personal liability for the designated partners.

Are there any restrictions on starting a new business after winding up an LLP?

Winding up an LLP generally allows for starting a new business. However, settling any outstanding obligations and complying with legal requirements is essential.

Can an LLP be wound up if it has outstanding debts or liabilities?

Yes, an LLP can be wound up even with outstanding debts or liabilities. The winding-up process involves settling these obligations as part of the liquidation process.

What happens to the remaining assets after settling all the debts during winding up?

After settling the debts, the remaining assets of the LLP are distributed among the partners based on their capital contributions or as per the LLP agreement.

Can a creditor initiate the winding-up process of an LLP?

Yes, a creditor can initiate the winding-up process of an LLP by filing a winding-up petition if the LLP cannot pay its debts.

Can partners be liable for the LLPs debts during winding up?

Generally, partners are not personally liable for the LLPs debts beyond their agreed contributions. However, personal liability may arise if any fraudulent or wrongful activities are discovered.

What is the role of a liquidator during the winding-up process?

The liquidator is responsible for managing the affairs of the LLP during winding up, including selling assets, settling debts, distributing assets, and preparing reports.

Are there any legal remedies available if a partner disagrees with the decision of winding up?

A partner who disagrees with the decision of winding up may explore legal remedies, such as challenging the decision in court if there are valid grounds or procedural irregularities.

Can an LLP continue its operations while the winding-up process is ongoing?

Generally, an LLPs operations cease once the winding-up process begins. However, the court may allow the LLP to continue operations temporarily under certain circumstances.

What happens if an LLP cannot settle all its debts during winding up?

Suppose an LLP is unable to settle all its debts. In that case, the liquidator may seek directions from the court, and the remaining assets, if any, are distributed among the creditors based on their priority.

Can the assets of an LLP be transferred to another entity during the winding-up process?

During the winding-up process, the assets of an LLP are primarily liquidated to settle the debts and obligations. Transferring assets to another entity requires specific legal processes and approval from the relevant authorities.

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