Nidhi Companies in India are created for cultivating the habit of thrift and savings amongst its members. Nidhi companies are allowed to borrow from their members and lend to their members. Therefore, the funds contributed to a Nidhi company are only from its members (shareholders). Nidhi companies are minute when compared to the banking sector and are mainly used to cultivate a saving amongst a group of people. To learn more about starting a Nidhi Company in India, you can also refer to the article “Starting a Nidhi Company” found in the IndiaFilings Learning Center. In this article, we mainly look at the nuances for registration of a Nidhi Company in India.
Nidhi Companies are registered Limited Companies involved in taking deposits and lending to their members. The activities of a Nidhi Company does fall under the purview of Reserve Bank of India, as it is similar to an NBFC. However, as Nidhi Companies ONLY deal with shareholder-members money, RBI has exempted Nidhi Companies from the core provisions of the RBI and other regulations applicable to an NBFC.
The following are some of the restrictions a Nidhi Company is subject to under Nidhi Rules, 2014. As per Rule 6 of Nidhi Rules, 2014, a Nidhi Company shall NOT:
To start a Nidhi Company in India, the first step is to incorporate a Limited Company, under the Companies Act, 2013. Hence, it requires a minimum of three Directors and seven shareholders to start the Limited Company incorporation process. During incorporation of the Nidhi company, care must be taken to ensure that the object of the Limited Company mentioned in the Memorandum of Association is that of cultivating the habit of thrift and savings amongst its members, receiving deposits from, and lending to, its members only, for their mutual benefit.
Post incorporation of the Limited Company, within a period of one year from the commencement, the Nidhi Company must meet all of the following criteria:
“Net Owned Funds” means the aggregate of paid-up equity share capital and free reserves as reduced by accumulated losses and intangible assets appearing in the last audited balance sheet.
If the Nidhi Company satisfies the above conditions required for operating as a Nidhi Company, the company shall within ninety days from the close of the first financial year after its incorporation and where applicable, the second financial year, file a return of statutory compliances in Form NDH-1 duly certified by a practising CA/CS/CWA along with the requisite fees.
In the case at the end one year from commencement the Nidhi Company is not able to meet the above requirement, the Company may within thirty days from the close of the first financial year, apply to the Regional Director in Form NDH-2 for extension of time.
If even after the second financial year the Nidhi Company is not able to meet the requirements for a Nidhi Company, then the Nidhi Company shall not accept any further deposits from the commencement of the second financial year till it complies with the provisions for operating as a Nidhi Company and be liable for penal consequences.
As per notification from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs on 3rd February 2020, the amendment to existing rules was released where the stakeholders are advised to use the revised and latest forms by the Nidhi companies and they are:
To register a company in India, the first step is to obtain name approval for the business from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). This process takes about 24-48 hours. A private limited company name in India must end with the words private limited. One Person Company ends with (OPC) private limited. LLP end with LLP and Section 8 companies can end with words like foundation, association or institution.
A company name proposed to be registered cannot be identical or similar to an existing company name. Also, every company name must include a word that denotes the activity undertaken. For example, in VERVE Financial Services Private Limited - Financial Services denote the activity undertaken. Check Business Name Availability
All trademarks are registered in India with the Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks. A trademark application has to be filed under a class that denotes the type of goods or services the brand or logo represents. There are 45 trademark classes and each class represent a distinct type of goods or service.
Trademark search can be conducted using the tool above to check if any identical or similar brand or logo is registered or applied for under the same class. If there is an existing application, care must be taken while reapplying to ensure that the application is not rejected by the Trademark Registrar. Trademark Search
|Definition||Unregistered type of business entity managed by one single person||A formal agreement between two or more parties to manage and operate a business||A Limited Liability Partnership is a hybrid combination having features similar to a partnership firm and liabilities similar to a company.||Registered type of entity with limited liability to the owners and shareholders|
For One Person Company
|Registration Time||7-9 working days|
|Promoter Liability||Unlimited Liability||Limited Liability|
|Governance||-||Under Partnership Act||LLP Act, 2008||Under Companies Act,2013|
|Transferability||Non Transferable||Transferable if registered under ROF||Transferable|
|Compliance Requirements||Know More|
Many small businesses pay lakhs in penalty every year to the Government for late filing various statutory returns. Such penalty or late fee paid is not tax deductible and is a drain on profitability. At IndiaFilings, our mission is to provide the most affordable services to our customers and help them avoid all late fee.To achieve our mission - we have built enterprise grade technology to help you proactively know the upcoming compliance and avoid penalty.Checkout our compliance services below, talk to an Advisor and stop paying unwanted late fees.
In addition to registration or incorporation, a business may require other registrations depending on the business activity undertaken. Talk to an Advisor to find out registrations your business may require post registration.
Every registered entity has to comply with all the compliance obligations after the completion of each financial year. Majorly, it includes the audit of books of accounts, income tax return filing, and annual forms with the MCA.
|Form||Company Compliance||Due date||Penalty|
|COB Filing||Commence of Business Certificate||To be filed before 180 days of company Incorporation||Rs.50,000 for non-compliance|
|DIR 3 EKYC||Any director with DIN||Before 30th September every year||Deactivation of the DIN
A late filing fee of Rs.5,000
Disqualification of the Directors
|Form ADT 1||Appointment of auditor||Within 15 days from the date of appointment of the Auditor||Late fees will be applicable, with fees ranging from 2 to 12 times the nominal fee, depending on the number of days of delay.|
|Form AOC 4||Filing financial statements of the company||30 days from the conclusion of the AGM||Late fees will be applicable, with fees ranging from 2 to 12 times the nominal fee, depending on the number of days of delay.|
|Form MGT 7||Annual Returns of the Company||60 days from the conclusion of the AGM|
In addition to the above filings, depending on the type of entity and business activity more compliance filing maybe applicable. Please check with an IndiaFilings Advisor to help you with the compliance for your company.
All Limited Liability Partnerships (LLP) registered in India are required to file statutory returns with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) each year. IndiaFilings can help you maintain your LLP Compliance at a very affordable price.
|Form||LLP Compliance||Due date||Penalty|
|DIR 3 KYC||For every designated partners of a limited liability partnership (LLP) with DIN||Before 30th September every year||Deactivation of the DIN
A late filing fee of Rs.5,000
Disqualification of the Partners
|Form 11||Annual Returns||May 30th every year||Late fees will be applicable, with fees ranging from 1 to 50 times the nominal fee, depending on the number of days of delay.|
|Form 8||Statements of Accounts and Solvency||30th October every year||Late fees will be applicable, with fees ranging from 1 to 50 times the nominal fee, depending on the number of days of delay.|
Apart from the aforementioned filings, there might be additional compliance filings that could be relevant for LLPs. Please consult with an IndiaFilings Advisor to assist you with the compliance needs of your LLP.
|Private Limited Company||Annual Return (Form MGT-7)||60 days from the conclusion of the AGM or 28th November 2023 (Which Ever is Earlier)|
|Financial Statements (Form AOC-4)||29th October 2023|
|DIR-3 KYC||30th September 2023|
|Form DPT-3||30th June 2023|
|Form ADT-1||15th October 2023|
|ITR 6 (Non audit case)||31st July 2023|
|ITR 6 (Audit Cases)||31st October 2023|
|GSTR 9||31st Dec 2023|
|Limited Liability Partnership||ITR 5 (Non audit case)||31st July 2023|
|ITR Form 5 (Audit case)||30th September 2023|
|Annual return - Form 11||30 May 2023|
|Financial Statements - Form 8||30 October 2023|
Note : Get in touch with our experts to efficiently handle your compliance filings, whether you are an LLP, a company, partnership firm or a proprietorship. Contact us to ensure your compliance is filed before the due date.
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