In India, company registration can be completed online through IndiaFilings. Private limited company is the most common type of legal entity that is preferred by millions of Indian Entrepreneurs and popular startups like Flipkart, PhonePe and Swiggy. A private limited company can be registered online in less than 10 days at a very affordable price of just Rs. 7899.
A Private Limited Company (PLC) is one of the most common types of legal entityin India. Private Limited Companies are governed by the Companies Act, 2013 and require a minimum of 2 Directors and 2 Shareholders with one of the Directors being an Indian Resident and Indian Citizen.
To register a company in India, the following are minimum requirements:
100% Foreign Direct Ownership (FDI) is permitted in most sectors in India and there is no restriction on foreign shareholding of a private limited company. Hence, most foreign subsidiaries are established in India as private limited company.
The proposed directors of a private limited company must present the following documents as proof of identification in order to register a company:
Indian Nationals: PAN card mandatory
Foreign Nationals: Passport is mandatory
In addition to the above document, the Directors must submit one of the following documents that contain the address of the Director.
Indian Nationals: Passport / Driver’s License / Election ID / Ration Card / Aadhar ID
Foreign Nationals: Drivers License / Bank Statement / Residence Card
Finally, as proof of residency, the prospective Directors must produce one of the following documents. This document must have been generated within the last two months:
Indian Nationals: Bank Statement / Electricity Bill / Phone Bill
Foreign Nationals: Bank Statement / Electricity Bill / Phone Bill
If one of the company's shareholders is a company based in India or abroad, the following documents must be submitted:
A company can be started in India with a very minimum amount of capital. There is no fixed amount and the shareholders of the company being incorporated can determine the capital they wish to contribute. While setting up the capital structure of the company, the following are some of the concepts to be kept in mind:
Face Value of Share: The face value of a share is the price per share with which the company is incorporated. Normally, the face value of share is Rs. 1 or Rs. 10 or Rs. 100 or Rs. 1000 or Rs. 10,000.
Authorised Capital: Authorised capital is the total value of shares a company can issue to shareholders. Normally, all companies are incorporated with an authorized capital of Rs. 1 lakh or Rs. 10 lakhs. If a higher authorized capital is required, the company would be required to pay additional fees to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The authorised capital of a company can be increased at any time after incorporation.
Paid-up Capital: Paid-up capital of a company is the number of shares issued to shareholders for which they have paid or deposited money to the company. Paid-up capital of a company cannot be more than the authorized share capital of the company.
The following are the steps involved in registering a company in India:
An application for company name approval is first submitted to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs to reserve the company name. In the name approval application, 1 or 2 names with business objectives can be submitted. If a name approval is rejected, 1 or 2 more names can be resubmitted. Normally, the MCA approves all name approval applications in less than 5 working days.
In India, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs does not allow wet signatures. All signatures for filings with the MCA must be completed with a digital signature that is issued by a Certification Authority in India. Hence, digital signatures are mandatorily required for the Directors before incorporation.
Digital signature for the Directors will be obtained through an Authorized Certifying Authority by IndiaFilings. To obtain Digital Signature, the Directors will have to submit a copy of their identity proof and complete a video KYC process. If the Director is a foreign national, the passport and other documents submitted must be apostilled by a local embassy.
Once the digital signatures are obtained, the incorporation application can be filed in SPICe Form to the MCA with all relevant attachments. Along with the incorporation application, the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) of the company are filed. If the MCA finds the incorporation application to be complete and acceptable, the Incorporation Certificate is granted along with PAN of the company. The MCA normally accepts all incorporation applications in less than 5 working days.
Once a company is registered in India, various compliances must be maintained from time to time to avoid penalties and prosecution. The following are some of the compliances a company would be required to complete after company registration:
Auditor Appointment: All companies registered in India must appoint a practicing and licensed Chartered Accountant registered with the ICAI within 30 days of incorporation.
Director DIN KYC: All persons who hold a Director Identification Number (DIN) – which is allocated during the incorporation process must complete DIN KYC each year to validate the phone and email address on record with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
Commencement of Business: Within 180 days of incorporation, the company must open a Bank Current Account and the shareholders must deposit the subscription amount mentioned in the MOA of the company. Hence, if the company was to be incorporated with a paid-up capital of Rs. 1 lakh, then the shareholders must deposit Rs. 1 lakh in the Company’s bank account and file the bank statement with the MCA to obtain a commencement of business certificate.
MCA Annual Filings: All companies registered in India must file a copy of the financial statements with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs each financial year. If a company is incorporated between January – March, the company can choose to file the first MCA annual return as a part of the next financial year’s annual filing. MCA annual return consists of Form MGT-7 and Form AOC-4. Both these forms must be digitally signed by the Directors and a practising professional.
Income Tax Filing: All companies must file an income tax return using Form ITR-6 each financial year. Income tax filing must be done for each financial year before the due date – irrespective of the incorporation date. The income tax return of a company must be digitally signed using one of the Director’s digital signature.
All companies registered in India are required to maintain a registered office in India. The registered office must have a board with the name of the company and should be a place where notice or communication if any can be served. Hence, the registered office of a company cannot be vacant land or under construction premises.
After incorporation, the registered office of a company can be changed if required. In case the registered office is changed within the same city or same Registrar of Company, the process can be completed easily. In case the registered office of a company is changed from one state to another, the process would be longer and more cumbersome.
During the company registration process, the Directors can opt to obtain GST registration along with the incorporation. However, it is not mandatory for a company to be registered under the GST unless certain turnover limits are crossed. You can know more about the turnover limit and process for obtaining GST registration in our detailed guide on GST registration in India.
After company registration, a bank current account must be opened in the name of the company within 180 days and the subscription amount must be deposited. If the above steps are not completed, the commencement of business certificate would not be issued and a penalty would be applicable.
The following are documents required to open bank account for a private limited company:
At IndiaFilings, we work with various banks to help our clients open a current accounts for their companies in a seamless fashion.
The following are the major advantages of incorporating a private limited company in India versus other entity types.
A company is both a legal entity and a juristic person. Therefore, a company has broad legal rights to like acquiring property, incurring debts, hiring people, etc. As a company is a separate legal entity, the company's members (shareholders or directors) are not personally liable for the company's liability.
A private limited company is a separate legal entity with limited liability provisions. Therefore, the shareholders are not liable for the losses of the company – for an amount more than what was invested by them into the company as share capital.
A company has 'perpetual succession,' which means it will continue to exist until it is legally dissolved. Because a company is a separate legal entity, it is unaffected by the death or other departure of any of its members, and it continues to exist regardless of membership changes.
A private limited company has multiple options for fundraising. A company can raise funds from shareholders, investors, angels, venture capital funds, private equity funds, foreign funds, NBFCs, banks and other financial institutions. Only a company can raise debt and equity funds from investors.
While a company has various advantages, registering a company may not be ideal for all entrepreneurs due to the following reasons:
A company has to mandatorily maintain various compliances irrespective of business turnover or activity. Hence, operating a company involves a minimum recurring cost each year.
To register a company in India, the first step is to obtain name approval for the business from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). This process takes about 24-48 hours. A private limited company name in India must end with the words private limited. One Person Company ends with (OPC) private limited. LLP end with LLP and Section 8 companies can end with words like foundation, association or institution.
A company name proposed to be registered cannot be identical or similar to an existing company name. Also, every company name must include a word that denotes the activity undertaken. For example, in VERVE Financial Services Private Limited - Financial Services denote the activity undertaken. Check Business Name Availability
All trademarks are registered in India with the Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks. A trademark application has to be filed under a class that denotes the type of goods or services the brand or logo represents. There are 45 trademark classes and each class represent a distinct type of goods or service.
Trademark search can be conducted using the tool above to check if any identical or similar brand or logo is registered or applied for under the same class. If there is an existing application, care must be taken while reapplying to ensure that the application is not rejected by the Trademark Registrar. Trademark Search
PAN is mandatory for Indian Directors.
Passport is mandatory for Foreign Directors or Shareholders.
Aadhaar is mandatory for Indian Directors.
Any document issued by a Foreign Government having photo and address of the Director or Shareholder.
Latest bank statement of the Directors and Shareholders.
Latest electricity bill for the registered office premises.
Latest telephone bill for the registered office premises. Electricity bill preferred.
Latest mobile bill for the registered office premises. Electricity bill preferred.
If the proposed shareholder is another company or legal entity.
If the proposed shareholder is another company or legal entity.
Passport size photo of the Directors and Individual Shareholders.
|Definition||Unregistered type of business entity managed by one single person||A formal agreement between two or more parties to manage and operate a business||A Limited Liability Partnership is a hybrid combination having features similar to a partnership firm and liabilities similar to a company.||Registered type of entity with limited liability to the owners and shareholders|
For One Person Company
|Registration Time||7-9 working days|
|Promoter Liability||Unlimited Liability||Limited Liability|
|Governance||-||Under Partnership Act||LLP Act, 2008||Under Companies Act,2013|
|Transferability||Non Transferable||Transferable if registered under ROF||Transferable|
|Compliance Requirements||Know More|
Many small businesses pay lakhs in penalty every year to the Government for late filing various statutory returns. Such penalty or late fee paid is not tax deductible and is a drain on profitability. At IndiaFilings, our mission is to provide the most affordable services to our customers and help them avoid all late fee.To achieve our mission - we have built enterprise grade technology to help you proactively know the upcoming compliance and avoid penalty.Checkout our compliance services below, talk to an Advisor and stop paying unwanted late fees.
In addition to registration or incorporation, a business may require other registrations depending on the business activity undertaken. Talk to an Advisor to find out registrations your business may require post registration.
Every registered entity has to comply with all the compliance obligations after the completion of each financial year. Majorly, it includes the audit of books of accounts, income tax return filing, and annual forms with the MCA.
|Form||Company Compliance||Due date||Penalty|
|COB Filing||Commence of Business Certificate||To be filed before 180 days of company Incorporation||Rs.50,000 for non-compliance|
|DIR 3 EKYC||For every person with DIN||Before 30th September every year||Rs.5000 penalty if the DIN is deactivated|
|Form ADT 1||Appointment of auditor||Within 30 days of Company incorporation||Rs.300 per month|
|Form AOC 4||Filing financial statements of the company||30 days from the conclusion of the AGM||Rs.100 per day|
|Form MGT 7||Annual Returns of the Company||60 days from the conclusion of the AGM|
In addition to the above filings, depending on the type of entity and business activity more compliance filing maybe applicable. Please check with an IndiaFilings Advisor to help you with the compliance for your company.
All Limited Liability Partnerships (LLP) registered in India are required to file statutory returns with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) each year. LLPs having a sales turnover of over Rs.40 lakhs or capital of over Rs.25 lakhs will also be required to complete a statutory audit. IndiaFilings can help you maintain your LLP Compliance at a very affordable price.
|Form||LLP Compliance||Due date||Penalty|
|DIR 3 KYC||For every person with DIN||Before 30th September every year||Rs.5000 penalty if the DIN is deactivated|
|Form 11||Annual Returns||30th May||Rs.100 Per day|
|Form 8||Statements of Accounts and Solvency||30th October|
|Private Limited Company||ROC Filings||15th February 2022|
|GSTR 9||20th February 2022|
|Limited Liability Partnership||ITR 5
(Non audit case)
|15th February 2022|
|Form 11||31st August 2021|
|Form 8||30th October 2021|
Note : Irrespective of the Turnover Advance Tax payment is to be done before 31st March 2022.
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Last updated: Apr 20, 2023
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Private Limited Company FAQ's
What is the registration process of a company?
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Can NRIs or foreign national or foreign entities register a company in India?
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Is GST registration mandatory at this stage?
What are the compliances of a Private Limited Company?
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Which Form is to be filed for the ITR filing of Private Limited Company?
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How many members are required to start a Private Limited Company?
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