Trademark is segregated into 45 different classes as per the NICE classification for a trademark, also known as the International Certification of Goods and Services. Each of the trademark classes represents a distinct set of goods and services.
While filing a trademark registration application, it is necessary to do a trademark search to avoid discrepancies. It is essential to choose the right class of the trademark as the mark's wrong classification can hamper the registration process.
Trademark applications can be filed in more than one class if the business's activity involves various goods or services falling under different trademark classifications. Further, even if a registered trademark exists under one class, another entity can file a trademark application for the same mark under another class.
Hence, filing of trademark application under one class does not provide complete exclusivity over the mark's use. Trademark only includes exclusivity for the mark's use concerning the class of goods or services for which the trademark is registered. Use the trademark class finder tool to find the correct trademark class for your goods or service from over 80,000 goods and services.
Among the 45 classes mentioned below, 34 classes come under the Goods section, and 11 classes come under the service section.
According to its function and purpose, a finished product is classified. Suppose the product is not mentioned in any of the classes, then it is compared with the other finished products indicated in the list.
A multipurpose product can be identified in all the classes that correspond to any of its functions. If those functions are not mentioned in any class such then other criteria like the raw materials of the products or its mode of operation.
Raw materials or semi-worked products are classified according to the material they are made up of. When the product is made up of different materials; it is organized by the material that predominates.
The services are classified based on the branches of the activities specified in the service classes' headings and the explanatory notes.
Rental services get classified in the same class.
Service that provides advice, information, or consultation is classified in the same class as the services related to the subject matter of the advice, information, or consultation.
|Trademark Class 1||Chemical used in industry, science, photography, agriculture, horticulture and forestry; unprocessed plastics; chemical substances for preserving foodstuffs;|
|Trademark Class 2||Paints; varnishes; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; colorants; metals in foil and powder form for painters; decorators; printers and artists;|
|Trademark Class 3||Bleaching preparations and substances for laundry use; cleaning; polishing; abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair lotions;|
|Trademark Class 4||Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels (including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles, wicks;|
|Trademark Class 5||Pharmaceutical, veterinary and sanitary preparations; dietetic substances adapted for medical use, food for babies; disinfectants; fungicides, herbicides;|
|Trademark Class 6||Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials; small items of metal hardware; pipes and tubes of metal; goods of metal not included in other classes;|
|Trademark Class 7||Machines and machine tools; machine coupling and transmission components; agricultural implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs;|
|Trademark Class 8||Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors|
|Trademark Class 9||Scientific, electric, photographicl, measuring, apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; data processing equipment and computers;|
|Trademark Class 10||Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; orthopaedic articles; suture materials;|
|Trademark Class 11||Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes|
|Trademark Class 12||Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water|
|Trademark Class 13||Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fire works|
|Trademark Class 14||Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals; jewellery, precious stones; horological and other chronometric instruments|
|Trademark Class 15||Musical instruments|
|Trademark Class 16||Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials; printed matter; stationery; brushes; typewriters and office requisites; plastic materials for packaging;|
|Trademark Class 17||Rubber, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing, stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes;|
|Trademark Class 18||Leather and imitations of leathe; animal skins, hides, trunks and travelling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery;|
|Trademark Class 19||Building materials, (non-metallic), non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal.|
|Trademark Class 20||Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods of wood, cork, reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother- of-pearl, meerschaum or of plastics|
|Trademark Class 21||Household or kitchen utensils and containers; combs and sponges; articles for cleaning purposes; unworked or semi-worked glass; glassware and earthenware;|
|Trademark Class 22||Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks and bags, padding and stuffing materials(except of rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile materials|
|Trademark Class 23||Yarns and threads, for textile use|
|Trademark Class 24||Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers.|
|Trademark Class 25||Clothing, footwear, headgear|
|Trademark Class 26||Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; artificial flowers|
|Trademark Class 27||Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; wall hangings(non-textile)|
|Trademark Class 28||Games and playthings, gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes; decorations for Christmas trees|
|Trademark Class 29||Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; jams, fruit sauces; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats|
|Trademark Class 30||Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago; bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking powder; salt, mustard; vinegar; spices; ice|
|Trademark Class 31||Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals, malt|
|Trademark Class 32||Beers, mineral and aerated waters, and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages|
|Trademark Class 33||Alcoholic beverages(except beers)|
|Trademark Class 34||Tobacco, smokers' articles, matches|
|Trademark Class 35||Advertising, business management, business administration, office functions.|
|Trademark Class 36||Insurance, financial affairs; monetary affairs; real estate affairs.|
|Trademark Class 37||Building construction; repair; installation services.|
|Trademark Class 38||Telecommunications.|
|Trademark Class 39||Transport; packaging and storage of goods; travel arrangement.|
|Trademark Class 40||Treatment of materials.|
|Trademark Class 41||Education; providing of training; entertainment; sporting and cultural activities.|
|Trademark Class 42||Scientific, design and technological services; industrial analysis and research services; design and development of computer hardware and software.|
|Trademark Class 43||Services for providing food and drink; temporary accommodation.|
|Trademark Class 44||Medical services, veterinary services, hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; agriculture, horticulture and forestry services.|
|Trademark Class 45||Legal services; security services for the protection of property and individuals; personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals.|
To register a company in India, the first step is to obtain name approval for the business from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). This process takes about 24-48 hours. A private limited company name in India must end with the words private limited. One Person Company ends with (OPC) private limited. LLP end with LLP and Section 8 companies can end with words like foundation, association or institution.
A company name proposed to be registered cannot be identical or similar to an existing company name. Also, every company name must include a word that denotes the activity undertaken. For example, in VERVE Financial Services Private Limited - Financial Services denote the activity undertaken. Check Business Name Availability
All trademarks are registered in India with the Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks. A trademark application has to be filed under a class that denotes the type of goods or services the brand or logo represents. There are 45 trademark classes and each class represent a distinct type of goods or service.
Trademark search can be conducted using the tool above to check if any identical or similar brand or logo is registered or applied for under the same class. If there is an existing application, care must be taken while reapplying to ensure that the application is not rejected by the Trademark Registrar. Trademark Search
In addition to registration or incorporation, a business may require other registrations depending on the business activity undertaken. Talk to an Advisor to find out registrations your business may require post registration.
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Last updated: May 02, 2023
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