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Marriage Certificate


Marriage Certificate – All you need to know

The marriage certificate is an official declaration that states that two people are married. In India, Marriages can be registered under the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 or the Special Marriage Act of 1954. For both types of marriages, a marriage certificate is a legitimate proof that a couple is married. In 2006, the Supreme Court made it mandatory to register the marriage to safeguard women’s rights. Hence, obtaining a marriage certificate after marriage can have various benefits. In this article, we will explore Marriage Certificate India, its significance, eligibility criteria, the essential marriage certificate documents list, and the comprehensive application procedure.

Note: To obtain a marriage certificate, the groom must be over 21 years of age, and the bride must be over 18 years of age.

Reasons to Obtain a Marriage Certificate

The marriage certificate is essential while applying for a passport or opening a bank account with a new surname post-wedding. Also, in the case of foreign travel or visa processing, many embassies request a copy of the marriage certificate. Hence, a marriage certificate obliges couples to move abroad after the wedding.

Documents Required for Marriage Certificate

A marriage certificate is crucial for legally recognizing a marital union. Certain documents are essential to submitting to acquire this vital document. Here’s a comprehensive list of the documents required for marriage certificate:

Application Form: The initial step involves filling out the application form for a marriage certificate. This form typically requires basic details such as the bride and groom’s names, respective addresses, marriage date, and other relevant information. Along with the application form, the following documents from the marriage certificate documents list are also necessary.

Marriage Proof Wedding Invitation (or)
Temple Marriage Receipts (or)
Any proof of marriage solemnization
Identity & Address Proof Employee ID Card (or)
Ration Card (or)
Driving License (or)
Passport or Visa
Age Proof Birth Certificate (or)
School or College Certificate (or)
Passport or Visa

Additionally, four passport-size photographs for the bride and four passport-size photographs for the bridegroom should be submitted along with the aforementioned marriage certificate documents.

It’s important to note that the documents required for marriage certificate may vary depending on the laws and regulations of the concerned jurisdiction. Gathering the required marriage certificate documents is a fundamental step in obtaining a marriage certificate. By providing the necessary marriage certificate documents promptly and accurately, couples can ensure a smooth and hassle-free issuance of their marriage certificate.</p>

Marriage Registration Form

The general marriage registration form:

Marriage Registration Form

Other Marriage Registration Forms

All other types of marriage registration forms are below:

Marriage Registration Procedure

Marriage registration procedures vary significantly based on a country’s legal system and cultural context. In many countries, there are multiple acts under which a marriage can be registered, each catering to different religious or civil requirements. Some of the common acts under which marriages are registered include:

Civil Marriage Act

This is usually a secular act that governs marriage between individuals regardless of their religious beliefs. It involves a straightforward registration process at a designated government office, such as a municipal office or registry. The couple must provide personal identification, fill out the necessary forms, and may need to have witnesses present during the registration.

Hindu Marriage Act

In countries with significant Hindu populations, such as India, the Hindu Marriage Act provides a framework for marriage and registration among Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs. The procedure involves filling out an application, submitting the required documents (proof of age, residence, etc.), and performing the marriage ceremony according to Hindu customs. After the ceremony, the marriage must be registered with the local government authority.

Special Marriage Act

The Special Marriage Act is designed for people from different religions or nationalities who wish to marry outside their respective personal laws without converting. The process usually requires the couple to file a notice stating their intention to marry with the local marriage registrar, wait for a specified objection period, and then complete the registration in the presence of three witnesses.

Christian Marriage Act

This act governs the marriage of individuals professing the Christian faith. The marriage is usually solemnized in a church by a minister or priest. Following the church ceremony, the couple must register their marriage with the local government office by submitting a formal application along with the marriage certificate issued by the church.

Muslim Marriage Act

Muslim marriages are typically governed by personal law and do not always require formal registration. However, for legal recognition, couples can register their marriage under the relevant act, which involves providing a Nikahnama (marriage contract) and other personal identification documents to the local registry office.

Jewish Marriage Act

Jewish marriages are conducted according to Jewish law in regions where this is applicable. Registration under a civil or special act might be necessary for legal recognition, involving submitting the marriage certificate from the religious ceremony and other required documents.

Other Religious and Tribal Acts

Various countries may have specific acts catering to indigenous or tribal communities or other religious groups, each with its own set of procedures and requirements for marriage registration.

Procedure for Obtaining a Marriage Certificate in India

The procedure for obtaining a marriage certificate India is explained in detail  below:

  • Eligibility Check: Ensure that both partners meet the concerned authority’s eligibility criteria. Generally, the groom should be at least 21, and the bride should be at least 18.
  • Documentation: Gather all necessary documents required for the marriage certificate. These typically include identity proof, address proof, age proof, marriage invitation or solemnization proof, passport-sized photographs, and any other documents specified by the local authority.
  • Application Submission: Complete the application form for the marriage certificate the local marriage registrar’s office provides. Fill in all required details accurately and legibly.
  • Submission of Documents: Submit the filled application form and the document for marriage certificate to the registrar’s office. Ensure that all documents are self-attested and comply with the specified guidelines.
  • Verification and Processing: The marriage registrar’s office will verify the submitted documents and process the application. This may involve cross-checking the information provided, verifying the authenticity of documents, and conducting any necessary inquiries.
  • Payment of Fees: Pay the prescribed fees for marriage registration and issuance of the marriage certificate. The fee amount may vary depending on the state or union territory.
  • Marriage Registration: Upon successfully verifying documents and completing formalities, the marriage registrar will register the marriage and issue the marriage certificate.
  • Issuance of Certificate: The marriage registrar’s office will issue the certificate within the stipulated timeframe. It serves as legal proof of marriage and can be obtained in physical or electronic format.

Online Marriage Registration

In India, online marriage registration can be done under various laws, primarily the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955 and the Special Marriage Act of 1954. The procedure may vary slightly from state to state due to specific state rules and the online system. Here’s a general overview of the process:

Hindu Marriage Act, 1955

This act applies to Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains. The procedure under this act typically involves the following steps:

  • Eligibility: Both parties must be Hindus and meet age and other eligibility criteria.
  • Document Preparation: Gather necessary documents such as identity proof (Aadhaar Card, Passport, etc.), address proof, age proof (Birth Certificate, 10th Certificate, Passport), marriage photograph, wedding invitation card, and affidavits stating the place and date of marriage, marital status, and nationality.
  • Application: Access the official website of the state’s marriage registration department. Register as a new user and fill out the marriage registration application form.
  • Appointment: After submitting the online form, book an appointment for both parties to visit the registrar’s office.
  • Verification and Certificate: Visit the registrar’s office on the scheduled date with all original documents for verification. After verification, the marriage certificate is issued.

Special Marriage Act, 1954

This act applies to all citizens of India irrespective of their religion and covers marriage between Indian and foreign nationals. The procedure is as follows:

  • Notice of Intended Marriage: The couple must give notice of their intended marriage 30 days in advance to the Marriage Registrar of the district where at least one of the parties has resided for at least 30 days preceding the date of notice.
  • Document Preparation: Similar documents, as mentioned above, are required, along with the notice application form.
  • Online Application: If the state’s system allows, submit the notice and documents online and book an appointment for both parties to appear in person at the registrar’s office after 30 days.
  • Publication of Notice: The Marriage Officer publishes the notice inviting objections, if any, within 30 days.
  • Declaration and Marriage Ceremony: If there are no objections, the parties and three witnesses sign a declaration in the registrar’s office, followed by a marriage ceremony according to the couple’s religious customs, if desired.
  • Certificate Issuance: After the ceremony, the marriage officer enters the details in the marriage register and issues the certificate.


  • The online process may not be fully online in all states; some steps might require physical presence.
  • Keep digital/scanned copies of all documents for the marriage certificate ready for upload.
  • Ensure all details are filled in accurately to avoid rejection.


In the case of the Hindu Marriage Act, the appointment would be registered within 15 days of the online registration; however, in the case of the Special Marriage Act, it might take up to 60 days.


Any person who has appeared at the marriage registration of the couple shall be a witness, and the witness must possess a valid PAN Card and Proof of residence address.


In summary, getting a marriage certificate India is essential for legally recognizing a Marriage. This certificate is needed for official tasks like applying for passports, opening bank accounts, and travelling abroad. The process involves submitting necessary document for marriage certificate, like identity, age, marriage proofs, and photos. With the Supreme Court’s mandate on marriage registration for rights protection, particularly for women, it’s important to follow through.