Under GST, all goods and services transacted in India are classified under the HSN code system or SAC Code system. Goods are classified under HSN Code and services are classified under SAC Code. Based on the HSN or SAC code, GST rates have been fixed in five slabs, namely NIL, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%.
HSN code or Harmonized System Nomenclature code number is an internationally adopted commodity description and coding system developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO). HSN code is used by more than 200 countries as a basis for their customs tariffs. Currently, over 98% of the merchandise in international trade is classified under HSN code With the HSN code acting as a universal classification for goods, the Indian Government has decided to adopt the use of HSN code for classification of goods under GST and levy of GST.
HSN Code 2017 Edition is the currently valid version applied in international trade transactions. Prior to the implementation of the HSN Code- 2017 Edition, HSN Code - 2012 Edition was applied in all international trade transactions. The HSN Codes are first classified into sections, chapters, contains the six-digit codes of the Harmonized System. To look up a HSN code you can use the HSN code finder or drill-down from Section to Chapter to the HSN Code.
SAC Code or Services Accounting Code is a classification system for services developed by the Service Tax Department of India. Using SAC code, the GST rates for services are fixed in five slabs namely 0%, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. If a service is not exempted from GST or if the GST rates are not provided, then the default GST rate for services of 18% would be applicable.