Compliance Requirements under Nidhi Companies
Compliance Requirements under Nidhi Companies
Nidhi Company is a type of Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) that has the principal object of borrowing and lending money between its members. This Mutual Benefit Company needs to file little annual compliance and it is famously known as Nidhi Company Compliances. The legal compliances associated with Nidhi Company are prescribed in Nidhi Rules 2014 and the Companies Act 2013. The present article briefs the Compliance Requirements under Nidhi Companies
Definition of Nidhi Company as per Companies Act, 2013
As per the provisions of Section 406(1) of the Companies Act, 2013, the Nidhi Company is ‘A company which has been incorporated as a Nidhi with the object of cultivating the habit of thrift and savings amongst its members, receiving deposits from, and lending to, its members only for their mutual benefit.”
Nidhi Company is the perfect type of company for those who want to start a business with minimum capital investment.
Nidhi Company Registration in India
Nidhi Company is registered under the provisions prescribed in the Companies Act, 2013. The only objective of forming a Nidhi Company is to cultivate the habit of thrift and savings amongst its members. The minimum capital requirement to start a Nidhi Company is Rs.10 lakh (Increased via Nidhi (Amendment) Rules, 2022. Since Nidhi Company is registered as a Public Limited Company and must have “Nidhi Limited” as the last words of its name.
For more details on Nidhi Company Registration in India, click here
Compliances of a Nidhi Company
Compliance Requirements under Nidhi Companies are divided into three parts:
- First is pre-incorporation Compliances,
- The second is Post –Incorporation compliance
- The third is Event-based Compliances.
Pre-Incorporation compliances of Nidhi Company
Every Nidhi Company has to follow some mandatory compliance to obtain Nidhi Company Registration. The necessary compliances to be followed are mentioned below:
- A minimum of seven members is needed to start a Nidhi Company, out of which three members must be the Directors of the Company.
- The company must have the suffix “Nidhi Limited” in its name and the company must be a Public Company.
- Minor, Body Corporate and a Trust cannot be admitted as members of Nidhi.
- The minimum paid-up share capital must be Rs. 5 lakh.
- Nidhi Company cannot open branches if it has not earned any profit after tax for consecutive three financial years.
- The rate of interest on the loan shall not exceed 7.5% above the highest rate of interest offered on deposits.
- The company cannot issue preference shares, in the case where such shares have been issued by the company before the commencement of the Act, the same shall be redeemed.
- The primary objective of the company must be to inculcate the habit of savings in its members.
Post –Incorporation Compliances of Nidhi Company
Post Incorporation of Nidhi Company compliance is divided into two:
- General Compliance
- Annual Compliance
Within one year of incorporation, a Nidhi company must satisfy the following conditions:
- The number of members should increase to at least 200 within one year of its incorporation.
- The Net owned funds must be Rs. 20 lakhs (Modified via Nidhi (Amendment) Rules, 2022
- The net owned funds and the deposits shall be in a ratio not exceeding 1: 20 that is Net Owned Funds: Deposits = 1:20.
- Unencumbered term deposits should be not less than 10 % of the outstanding deposits as specified in Rule 14 of Nidhi Rules 2014.
- The Nidhi Company needs to Maintain Books of Accounts, the statutory Registers.
- The Nidhi Company needs to Convene Statutory Meetings.
Note: Net owned funds are the aggregate of paid-up capital and free reserves reduced by the accumulated and intangible assets as appearing in the last balance sheet
Annual Compliance of a Nidhi Company
Annual compliance is followed to keep the Government updated on the activities and functional divisions of the company.
Nidhi Companies must follow the annual compliances mentioned below:
Return of Statutory Compliance
|Form NDH-1 contains all the details regarding members, deposits, loans, reserves, etc. for the full financial year e-Form GNL-2 is used for submission of the documents with the Registrar.||Within 90 days from the close of the financial year along with fees.|
Application for Extension of Time.
|This form is filled in case :
||NDH-2 must be filed with the Regional Director within 30 days from the closure of the financial year along with the prescribed fees.|
|Form NDH 3Half-yearly return||Form NDH 3to be filed with the ROC (Registrar of Companies).||Within 30 days from the conclusion of half a year. It must be duly certified by a practicing professional.|
|Form NDH -4||For filing an application for a declaration as Nidhi Company and updating of status||For New Nidhi Company – Within 120 days after the expiry of 1 year from the date of its incorporation For existing Nidhi Company – Within 1 year from its date of incorporation OR within 6 months from the date of commencement of Nidhi Rules 2019, whichever is later|
|Form AOC-4||For filing financial documents and other supporting documents to the Registrar of Companies.||Within 30 days of the annual general meeting.|
|ITR-6||Income Tax Return||By 30th September|
|Form MGT-7||Annual Return||Within 60 days of the Annual General Meeting.|
Penalties for Non-Compliance
Timely filing of compliances is mandatory for every Nidhi company. Non- Compliance attracts penalties for the Nidhi Companies.
- If the company does not meet the compliance, the organization and the concerned officers will be fined an amount up to Rs. 5,000.
- In the case of continuation of infringement, the company will be charged a further fine of Rs.500 per day.
Hence it is important to hire professionals to help in the compliance procedures.
Event-Based Compliances of a Nidhi Company
Generally, event-based compliances are required to file only once during the company registration process. Furthermore, these compliances must be followed when there is any change also in the Nidhi company’s structure which is non-periodical.
Below is the list of event-based compliances:
- Any change in the company’s name.
- Change in Registered office address.
- Appointment or Resignation or Removal of Director.
- Appointment or Resignation or Removal of Auditor.
- Any amendment in the company’s objective.
- Transfer of shares.
- Increase in the authorized capital of the company.
- Appointment of the Key Managerial Personnel.
- Any other changes that are event-based.
New Compliance Rules for Nidhi Companies
MCA tightens compliance rules for Nidhi companies vide the Nidhi (Amendment) Rules, 2022
- Any public company incorporated as Nidhi with a share capital of Rs 10 lakh will have to submit an NDH-4 form and apply with the central government to be notified as a Nidhi company within 120 days of its incorporation.
- The company needs to have at least 200 members and should have a net-owned fund (NOF) of Rs 20 lakh.
- Nidhi Company to obtain consent from the central government to operate within 14 months from their incorporation.
- If a company doesn’t receive any intimation from the Central government within 45 days of submitting the NDH-4 form, the approval would be deemed to be granted.