Trademark Hearing

A Trademark Hearing in India is an administrative proceeding conducted by the Registrar of Trademarks to resolve disputes between two parties regarding the registration, renewal, or infringement of a Trademark. During the hearing, each party has the opportunity to present their case, which may include testimony from witnesses, legal arguments, and other evidence. The Registrar will then decide based on the evidence presented. The final decision will significantly impact the Trademark in question. It is essential to have experienced legal counsel present to ensure the best possible outcome.


Trademark Hearings in India are vital as they provide an opportunity for trademark applicants to defend their applications against objections raised by the Trademarks Registry or third parties. These hearings enable applicants to provide further evidence and arguments supporting their applications, which can help ensure that they are accepted. They also provide an important forum for resolving disputes over the rights to use trademarks in the country, helping to ensure that trademark owners are adequately protected.

Trademark Registry Jurisdiction

Each state and union territory has been assigned to one of the five zones that comprise the regional jurisdiction for trademark applications and hearings:

  • Chennai
    Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Kerala, Karnataka, Lakshadweep Island, and the Union Territories of Pondicherry.
  • Mumbai
    The state of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, and Chhattisgarh.
  • New Delhi
    Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, and the Union Territories of Chandigarh and Uttarakhand.
  • Ahmedabad
    Rajasthan, Gujarat, Dadra, Diu, Daman, and Nagar Haveli.
  • Kolkata
    Assam, Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Orissa, West Bengal, Mizoram, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Tripura, Jharkhand, and the Union Territories of Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Nagaland are all included.

Trademark Hearing Adjournment

The concerned director may postpone a trademark hearing to allow for an appearance, or it may be stopped or postponed unilaterally by filing a TM-M application at least three days prior to the hearing period. If an applicant fails to appear for a trademark hearing, the concerned administrator may postpone it up to three times before rejecting their application.

Documents Required

Power of Attorney

A power of attorney (POA) is a legal document that permits someone else the authority to act on your behalf in a legal or business matter. When registering for a trademark, the applicant must sign a power of attorney to give the right to represent them in the trademark registration process.

Authorisation Letter

An authorisation letter is a document used to grant permission or authority to another person or entity to act on behalf of the sender in a certain capacity. In trademark registration, an authorisation letter is used to appoint a representative as the applicant’s legal representative for the trademark registration process.

Proof of Usage

Proof of usage is documentation that demonstrates how the trademark is being used in the marketplace. The Indian Trademarks Registry requires this documentation to prove that the trademark is being used in connection with the goods and services it is registered for. Examples of proof of usage include invoices, brochures, advertisements, photographs, and other documents that demonstrate the use of the trademark.


The Trademark Hearing is a legal proceeding that is organized by the Registrar of Trademarks or an appointed hearing officer to resolve any objections mentioned by the Trademark Examiner during the registration process. The following are the steps associated with the Trademark Hearing process:

Examination Report Issuance

Following the filing of the trademark application, it is examined by the Trademark Examiner. If the Examiner discovers any objections, they will issue an Examination Report outlining the issues.

Examination Report Response

Within one month of issuance, the applicant must respond to the Examination Report, addressing the Examiner's objections. If the response is deemed satisfactory, the trademark application moves on to the next stage.

Hearing Request

If the Examiner is dissatisfied with the applicant's response, they may request a hearing. The applicant must file a request for a hearing within one month of receiving the notice.

Evidence Filing

Once the hearing request has been filed, the hearing officer will schedule the hearing. Before the hearing date, both the applicant and the Examiner must file evidence and documents supporting their respective cases.


The applicant and Examiner have the opportunity to present their arguments and evidence before the hearing officer at the hearing. The hearing officer will hear both sides and decide based on the evidence presented.


Based on the evidence provided at the hearing, the hearing officer will decide whether to approve or reject the trademark application. If the trademark application is approved, the trademark will be registered and the applicant will be issued a registration certificate.

How IndiaFilings can help you with Trademark Hearing

At IndiaFilings, we provide trademark hearing services to help businesses protect their valuable trademarks. Our team of experienced IP lawyers is dedicated to providing the highest quality legal service to ensure the trademark registration process goes smoothly.

When a trademark hearing is necessary, we appoint an IP lawyer to the job responsible for collecting the required supporting documents from the client and uploading them to the registry. After that, we wait for the hearing date to be allotted by the registry. Once the date has been set, we attend the hearing and present our defence.

Our IP lawyers are highly experienced in trademark hearings and understand the importance of building a strong case on behalf of our clients. We use the latest technology and industry best practices to ensure the hearing is conducted efficiently and successfully.

We understand that attending a trademark hearing can be stressful, and our team of IP lawyers are dedicated to ensuring the process is as stress-free as possible. We provide our clients with detailed information about the hearing process so that they can make informed decisions.

At IndiaFilings, we strive to provide our clients with the best possible service. Our IP lawyers are committed to providing the highest quality legal advice and representing our clients in trademark hearings. We work hard to ensure that our clients' trademarks are protected and that they receive a successful outcome from the hearing.

Trademark Hearing FAQ's

What is trademark hearing?

A trademark hearing is a formal meeting between the trademark applicant and the trademark Examiner from the Trademark Office, in which the Examiner reviews the trademark application to determine whether it meets the requirements for registration.

What is the cause for a trademark hearing?

A trademark hearing is typically requested when the Examiner has determined that the trademark application does not satisfy all the requirements for registration. If the Examiner has questions or concerns about the application, they may request a hearing to discuss them.

Why to attend a trademark hearing?

Attending a trademark hearing is important because it allows the applicant to provide additional information to the Examiner, which may help address any concerns the Examiner may have.

Who should attend a trademark hearing?

The applicant should attend the trademark hearing. If the applicant cannot participate in the hearing, they may designate an authorized representative, such as an attorney, to attend the hearing on their behalf.

What formalities occur post hearing?

After the hearing, the Examiner will make a determination as to whether the trademark application meets the requirements for registration. A Certificate of Registration will be issued if the Examiner decides to register the trademark.

How long does it take for a trademark to be registered post hearing?

Suppose the trademark is accepted during the hearing. In that case, the trademark application status will change to "Accepted and Advertised." It will then be published in the Trademarks Journal for four months before registration.

What if the Registrar rejects the trademark during hearing?

If the Examiner rejects the trademark during the hearing, the applicant has the right to appeal to the Intellectual Property Appellate Board within three months.

Can the Registrar put any conditions or amendments before accepting a trademark?

Yes, the Examiner may request that the applicant make amendments to the trademark application before registration can be granted.

What is “Ready For Show cause hearing”?

Ready For Show Cause Hearing" is a status assigned to a trademark application when the Examiner has determined that the application requires further review. The applicant will then be required to attend a hearing to explain why the trademark should be granted registration.

What if a trademark hearing is skipped?

If a trademark hearing is skipped, the Examiner may reject the application.

What if one does not wish to attend a hearing?

If the applicant does not wish to attend the hearing, they may designate an authorized representative, such as an attorney, to attend the hearing on their behalf.

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Customer Reviews For Trademark Hearing

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Trademark Hearing
Verified Customer
04 February 2024
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Good Excellent


Trademark Hearing
Verified Customer
07 September 2023
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she was pomptly updating the trademark status I was delighted her customer service All quries clarified Thanks


Trademark Hearing
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27 April 2023
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Trademark Hearing
Verified Customer
03 April 2023
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Sahil and his team has support nicely for my trade mark registration


Trademark Hearing
Verified Customer
13 January 2023
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very professional liked the service


Trademark Hearing
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28 December 2022
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Trademark Hearing
Verified Customer
04 May 2022
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She was prompt effective very helpful


Trademark Hearing
Verified Customer
12 April 2022
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Was able to get me a trademark


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