Trademark Transfer

Trademark Transfer, also known as Trademark Assignment, is a legal procedure encompassing the transfer of trademark rights from one entity to another. It is a pivotal component of intellectual property administration, enabling businesses to utilize their trademarks or facilitate the seamless transfer of trademark ownership.

At IndiaFilings, we understand the importance of safeguarding and managing your intellectual property, particularly regarding trademarks. Whether you are an individual or a business entity looking to transfer your trademark rights to another party, we are here to streamline the process for you. Our expert team is well-versed in the complexities of trademark transfers in India, ensuring that your rights are protected and the transfer is executed seamlessly. With IndiaFilings, you can confidently embark on your trademark transfer journey, knowing that your brand is in capable hands.

Trade Mark

A trademark, whether a unique symbol, word, or phrase, serves as the identifier that sets a company's products or services apart from those of others in the market. Trademarks are the cornerstone of establishing brand recognition, fostering consumer confidence, and enhancing competitiveness within the marketplace. Nevertheless, situations can arise where businesses or individuals need to transfer their trademark rights to another entity, and during these moments, the process of Trademark Assignment becomes pivotal.

Understanding the Concept of Trademark Assignment

The term "trademark assignment" is formally defined in Section 37 of the Trademark Act 1999. It entails transferring the proprietor's rights, interests, and title to a trademark and brand mark.

To put it simply, trademark assignment refers to transferring a trademark's rights and ownership to another individual or entity.

Exploring Typical Scenarios for Transferring Trademark Ownership

Transfer of trademark ownership can occur in various situations, each driven by specific circumstances. Here are common instances that lead to a change in trademark ownership:

  • Succession Planning: The Death of a Trademark Owner
  • When a trademark owner passes away, the trademark may need to be transferred to heirs or designated beneficiaries.
  • Business Transitions: Sale of Business
  • Transferring the associated trademark rights is often part of the transaction in selling an entire business.
  • Standalone Trademark Sales: Sale of Trademark Alone
  • Sometimes, a trademark is sold independently without the sale of the entire business, allowing others to use the mark for specific products or services.
  • Corporate Restructuring: Division of Business and Subsequent Activity
  • During corporate restructuring or division of a business, trademark ownership can change hands, aligning with the new business entities created.
  • Name Changes: Change of Name of Owner
  • When an individual or entity undergoes a name change, trademark ownership must be updated to reflect the new legal identity.
  • Structural Modifications: Change in Form of Business
  • Altering the legal structure of a business, such as transitioning from a sole proprietorship to a corporation, may necessitate a transfer of trademark ownership.
  • Legal Mandates: To Comply with a Court Order in a Trademark Title Dispute
  • In cases where trademark disputes are settled in court, the assignment of trademark rights may be mandated as part of the resolution.
  • Business Acquisition: Purchase of an Existing Business with Goodwill
  • Acquiring an existing business often involves taking over its trademark rights, including the associated goodwill, contributing to the brand's value.

Benefits of Trademark Assignment

Trademark assignment offers several advantages:

  • Monetizing Brand Value: It enables the trademark owner to realize the value of their brand.
  • Established Brand Rights: The assignee gains rights to an established brand through the assignment.
  • Business Expansion: Both the assignor and assignee can expand their respective businesses.
  • Legal Protection: In disputes, the trademark assignment agreement establishes legal rights for both parties.

Types of Trademark Assignment

There are four primary types of trademark assignments:

Partial Assignment

In a partial assignment, the assignor transfers limited ownership rights about specific products or services.

Complete Assignment

A complete assignment involves the assignor transferring all rights related to the registered trademark to the assignee.

Assignment with Goodwill

In an assignment with goodwill, the assignor transfers the trademark rights and conveys the intrinsic value and reputation associated with the trademark to the assignee.

Gross Assignment or Assignment without Goodwill

In this trademark assignment, the assignor restricts the buyer's usage rights. Specifically, the assignor prevents the buyer from using a product brand already used by the assignor. In essence, the goodwill linked to the brand is not transferred to the assignee.

Prerequisites for Trademark Assignment

Several prerequisites must be met when considering the assignment of a trademark:

  • Written Agreement: The trademark assignment should be documented in writing.
  • Identifiable Parties: It must involve two distinct parties: the assignor (the trademark owner) and the assignee (the trademark buyer).
  • Intent and Consent: The assignor should intend to transfer the trademark and provide consent for the assignment.
  • Consideration: The trademark assignment should be executed for an appropriate and sufficient consideration (monetary value).

Trademark Assignment Agreement

In most cases, a trademark owner assigns it to the assignee through a formally executed trademark assignment agreement. This agreement should be crafted with careful consideration of the following aspects:

  • Preservation of Trademark Rights: The terms and obligations within the agreement should not negatively impact the rights associated with the trademark.
  • Explicit Goodwill Stipulation: It should explicitly state whether the assignment includes or excludes the business's goodwill.
  • Clarity of Purpose: The agreement should clearly articulate the transaction/assignment's purpose.
  • Geographical Scope: Specify the geographical area where the assignee will possess rights to the trademark.
  • Rights to Collect Damages: Outline the transfer of the right to collect and pursue damages for past and future infringements.
  • Legal Formalities: Ensure the agreement is executed correctly, stamped, and notarized following the Stamp Act.
  • Signatories and Witnesses: Include details of the parties' signatures and witnesses.
  • Date and Location: Specify the date and location of agreement execution.
  • Binding on Legal Heirs: Indicate whether the agreement will bind the legal heirs of the assignor and assignee.

Restrictions on Trademark Assignment

The Trademarks Act of 1999 imposes certain restrictions on trademark assignment:

Parallel Use Restriction

Assignment is prohibited if it results in multiple exclusive rights by different individuals for the same or similar products or services, confusing.

Multiple Territorial Use Restriction

Assignment is not allowed if it leads to exclusive rights in different parts of India or for products/services sold outside India.

Documents Required for Trademark Assignment

The following documents should be submitted to the Registrar of Trademarks along with Form TM-P:

  • Trademark Assignment Agreement
  • Trademark Certificate
  • No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the assignor
  • Identification documents of both the assignor and assignee

Process of Trademark Transfer /Assignment

The process of trademark assignment in India involves the following steps:

Trademark Assignment Agreement

The assignor (owner of the trademark) assigns their rights in the trademark to the assignee through a trademark assignment agreement.

Application Submission

The assignor, assignee, or both can jointly apply to register the assignment by submitting a trademark application in Form TM-24 or Form TM-23 to the Registrar of Trademarks.

Form TM- P

To submit your trademark assignment application to the Registrar, you must fulfill the requirements outlined in Form TM-P and make the necessary payment.

Form TM-P must be filed within six months from the date of the assignment. While filing after six months is possible, the fees may vary accordingly.


The assignment must be advertised as directed by the Registrar of Trademarks within the specified timeframe.

Registrar's Office

Provide a copy of the advertisement and the Registrar's directions to the Registrar of Trademarks.


Upon receipt of the trademark assignment application (Form TM-P) and the necessary documents, the Registrar of Trademarks will register the assignee as the new owner of the trademark and record the assignment details in the register.

IndiaFilings: Your Partner in Seamless Trademark Transfer

IndiaFilings can provide invaluable assistance when it comes to filing a Trademark Assignment. Our expert team is well-versed in the intricate processes and legalities involved in trademark transfer in India. We ensure that all documentation is prepared meticulously, adhering to legal requirements and guidelines. From drafting the Trademark Assignment Agreement to navigating the paperwork required for registration with the Registrar of Trademarks, IndiaFilings simplifies the entire process, ensuring a hassle-free and efficient experience for both assignors and assignees.

With our expertise and commitment to client satisfaction, IndiaFilings is your trusted partner in completing trademark transfers, whether they involve the transfer of registered or unregistered trademarks, with or without goodwill. Contact our experts today to Get Started!

Trademark Transfer FAQ's

What is a Trademark Transfer?

A trademark transfer, also known as Trademark Assignment, is the legal process of transferring trademark rights from one entity to another.

Why is Trademark Transfer important?

Trademark transfer is crucial for protecting and managing intellectual property rights, allowing businesses to utilize trademarks effectively and facilitate ownership changes.

Where can I get assistance for Trademark Transfer in India?

IndiaFilings provides expert assistance for trademark transfer in India, ensuring a smooth and legally compliant process.

What is a trademark and why is it essential?

A trademark is a symbol, word, or phrase that distinguishes a company's products or services. It is essential for branding, building consumer trust, and enhancing competitiveness in the market.

How is Trademark Assignment defined in Indian law?

Trademark Assignment is defined in Section 37 of the Trademark Act 1999 as the transfer of a trademark owner's rights, interests, and title to another individual or entity.

What are common scenarios for transferring trademark ownership?

Common scenarios include succession planning, business sales, standalone trademark sales, corporate restructuring, name changes, structural modifications, legal mandates, and business acquisitions.

What are the benefits of Trademark Assignment?

Trademark Assignment allows monetizing brand value, acquiring established brand rights, expanding businesses, and providing legal protection in disputes.

What are the types of Trademark Assignment?

There are four types: Partial Assignment, Complete Assignment, Assignment with Goodwill, and Gross Assignment (without Goodwill).

What are the prerequisites for Trademark Assignment?

Prerequisites include a written agreement, identifiable parties (assignor and assignee), intent and consent of the assignor, and consideration (monetary value).

What should a Trademark Assignment Agreement include?

The agreement should cover preservation of trademark rights, goodwill stipulation, purpose clarity, geographical scope, rights to collect damages, legal formalities, signatories, date, and location.

What restrictions exist on trademark assignment?

Restrictions include parallel use restrictions (avoiding confusion) and multiple territorial use restrictions (exclusive rights in different parts of India or for products/services sold outside India).

What documents are required for Trademark Assignment?

Required documents include the Trademark Assignment Agreement, Trademark Certificate, No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the assignor, and identification documents of both assignor and assignee.

What is the process of trademark transfer/assignment?

The process involves drafting a Trademark Assignment Agreement, submitting a trademark application to the Registrar of Trademarks, fulfilling Form TM-P requirements, advertising the assignment, Registrar's approval, and registration.

Is there a time limit for filing Form TM-P?

Form TM-P should be filed within six months from the assignment date. Filing after six months is possible, but fees may vary accordingly.

What happens after the assignment is advertised?

After advertising, provide a copy of the advertisement and the Registrar's directions to the Registrar of Trademarks, and upon approval, the assignee becomes the new owner, and the details are recorded in the register.

How can IndiaFilings assist in trademark transfer?

IndiaFilings offers expert assistance in trademark transfer, ensuring compliance with legal requirements and simplifying the entire process, whether for registered or unregistered trademarks, with or without goodwill.

Can individuals transfer trademarks, or is it only for businesses?

Both individuals and businesses can transfer trademarks, depending on their ownership rights and needs.

Are there tax implications in trademark transfer?

Yes, there can be tax implications in trademark transfer, such as capital gains tax, depending on the nature of the transfer and applicable tax laws.

What happens if the trademark assignment is not registered?

If not registered, the assignee may not have legal rights over the trademark, and disputes may arise. It's essential to complete the registration process.

Can trademark assignment agreements be revised after execution?

Trademark assignment agreements can be revised if both parties mutually agree and follow legal procedures.

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