A taxable person under GST is anyone who is registered under GST or required to be registered under GST. Various criteria’s like turnover, business activity or transaction have been specified in the GST Act, which details persons liable to be registered under GST. Further, any person having registration under Service Tax, VAT or Central Excise on the date of GST coming into force will automatically be considered a taxable person under GST.
Casual taxable persons or occasional taxpayers are given special treatment under GST.
The Goods and Service Tax Act defines a casual taxable person as a person who occasionally undertakes transactions that involve the supply of goods or services or both.
Hence, individuals running temporary businesses in fairs or exhibitions or seasonal businesses will need to get casual taxable person GST registration.
Casual taxable person GST registration is necessary irrespective of the annual turnover, and the process must be initiated at least five days before the business undertaking. GST registration application for casual taxable persons can be made using FORM GST REG-01.
Similar to any other individual, GST registration is mandatory for casual taxable persons. GST registration is mandatory for all casual taxpayers. There is no threshold limit for registering as a casual taxpayer. However, the casual taxpayer cannot exercise the option of a composition scheme.
The casual taxpayer has to make an advance deposit for the amount equivalent to the estimated tax liability. On depositing the amount, an acknowledgment should be electronic to the applicant in the Form GST REG 02. The casual taxable person will be able to make taxable supplies only after the issuance of the certificate of registration.
Similar to the regular taxpayer, a casual taxpayer is required to file the monthly/ quarterly return Form- GSTR 1 and GSTR - 3B.
The registration certificate as a casual taxable person is valid for the period specified by the taxpayer or 90 days from the effective day of the registration, whichever is earlier. The taxpayer can seek an extension on the given certificate by making an advance deposit of the tax amount that is equivalent to the estimated tax liability ( that is liable for the extended period).
The casual taxable person is eligible for the refund of any balance of the advance tax deposited by him after adjusting his tax liability.
The balance advance tax can be refunded only after all the returns are filed.
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Exemption from GST registration for a casual taxable person has been provided vide notification no. 56/2018 – Central tax dated 23rd October 2018. The below-mentioned list provides the particular category of the casual taxable person who is being exempted from obtaining the GST registration –
Further such handicraft goods should be graced with visual appeals like ornamentation or in-lay work or some similar work of a substantial nature, possess distinctive features, which can be aesthetic, artistic, ethnic, or culturally attached and are amply different from mechanically produced goods of similar utility; and
Casual Taxpayer or Non-Resident Taxpayer may apply for the extension of the registration period for a maximum of 90 days. The validity of the registration of a Casual/Non Resident Taxpayer can be extended only once.
The pre-conditions for applying for an extension of the registration period by a Casual/Non Resident Taxpayer are:
Casual Taxable Persons or Non-Resident Taxpayers can follow the below steps to apply for GST registration validity extension:
Step 1: Firstly, the taxpayers have to visit the Goods and Services Tax portal for the Extension Registration.
Step 2: Click on the ‘Login’ button to access the username and password page.
Step 3: Enter the correct ‘Username’ and ‘Password’ credentials along with the captcha in the required field and click ‘login’.
Step 4: Click on the Application for Extension of Registration period by Casual/ Non-Resident Taxable person link under the services tab that is visible on the home page.
Step 5: The Extension of Registration Period form with various tabs is displayed. There are two tabs as Business Details and Verification. Click each tab to enter the details.
Step 6: The Business Details tab displays the information for the registration of the registration period.
The user could create multiple challans for payment of advance tax if the payment transaction failed using the challan created earlier.
Step 7: Once the payment is done, it will display the payment details.
Step 8: Click the “Save and Continue” button. A blue tick will appear on the Business Details section indicating the completion of the business details.
Step 9: This verification page displays the details of the verification for authentication of the details submitted in the form.
In Case of DSC:
In Case of EVC:
Step 10: The success message will be displayed, and the acknowledgement will be sent for completion in the next 15 minutes on the registered e-mail address and mobile phone number. Application Reference Number (ARN) receipt is sent on the e-mail address and mobile phone number.
|1||Leather articles||4201, 4202 and 4203|
|2||Carved wood products||4415, 4416, 4419 and 4420|
|3||Woodturning and lacquerware||4421|
|5||Grass, leaf/reed/fiber products, mats, pouches, wallets||4601 and 4602|
|6||Paper mache articles||4823|
|7||Textile (handloom products)||Including 50, 58, 62 and 63|
|8||Textiles hand printing||50, 52 and 54|
|10||Carpet, rugs, and durries||57|
|11||Textiles hand embroidery||58|
|12||Theatre costumes||61, 62 and 63|
|13||Coir products||5705 and 9404|
|14||Leather footwear||6403 and 6405|
|15||Carved stone products||6802|
|16||Stones inlay work||68|
|17||Pottery and clay products which include terracotta||6901, 6909, 6911, 6912, 6913 and 6914|
|18||Metal table and kitchenware||7418|
|19||Metal statues, images or statues, vases, urns, and crosses of the types used for the decoration of metals of chapter 73 and chapter 74||8306|
|22||Horn and bone products||96|
|23||Conch shell crafts||96|
|24||Bamboo furniture, cane/Rattan furniture||94|
|25||Dolls and toys||9503|
|26||Folk paintings, Madhubani, Patchitra, Rajasthani miniature||97|
The exemption is available only if the person is availing the benefit of notification no. 03/2018 – integrated tax dated 22nd October 2018;
The total aggregate value of such supplies, to be computed on all India basis, should not be more than the amount of aggregate turnover above which the supplier is liable to be registered in the State or Union Territory; and
A person is required to obtain PAN (i.e., Permanent Account Number), and it is also necessary to generate an E-way bill following rule 138 of the Central Goods and Service Tax Rules, 2017.
|Regular Tax Payers||Casual Tax Payers|
|Is registered under GST and not classifiable as a casual taxable person or a non-resident taxable person||A casual taxable person is someone who carries out business occasionally as a principal-agent or any agent capacity.|
|A regular taxable person has a fixed location of the business within India.||The place of business is not fixed as it would be seasonal.|
|Can register as under composition scheme||Cannot register under composition scheme|
Casual Taxable Person cannot opt for composition.
An application for registering as a Casual Taxable Person at least five days before commencing the business.
The Registration certificate issued to a casual taxable person shall be valid for the period specified in the application for registration or ninety days from the effective registration date, whichever is earlier.
Yes, the Registration as a Casual Taxable Person can be extended, once for an additional period of 90 days, if an application for the extension of Registration before the expiry of the initial period.
In such a case, one can obtain Registration as a normal taxpayer in the concerned state.
If a Casual taxable person has multiple business verticals within one state, the Casual taxable person can apply for multiple registrations within the state.
Last updated: May 19, 2021