Rainfed Area Development Programme
Rainfed Area Development Programme
To ensure agriculture growth in the rainfed areas, the Department of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers Welfare has launched the “Rainfed Area Development Programme (RADP)” in the year 2011-12 as a sub-scheme under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY). The key objective of this scheme is to improve the quality of life of farmers’ mainly, small and marginal farmers by offering a proper package of activities to maximise the farm returns. RADP scheme focuses on Integrated Farming System (IFS) for enhancing productivity and minimising risks associated with climatic variabilities. In this article, we will look at the Rainfed Area Development Programme (RADP) in detail.
The principal objective of the Rainfed Area Development Programme is listed as follows:
- To increase the agricultural productivity of rainfed areas in a sustainable manner by adopting appropriate farming system based approaches.
- To minimise the adverse impact of crop failure due to flood, drought, or un-even rainfall distribution through diversified and composite farming systems
- To restore the confidence in rainfed agriculture by creating sustained employment opportunities through improved on-farm technologies and cultivation practices
- To enhance the farmers’ income and livelihood support for the reduction of poverty in rainfed areas
Farmers’ Companies, Registered Farmers’ Societies, Farmers Cooperatives will be eligible for developing a cluster. The support is restricted to the eligible limit for members. Due consideration should be given to ensure that farmers rights and ownership issues are not violated
Financial Support to Farmers
Financial support will be provided to those who wish to add another compatible farming component to their existing system. It should have the potential to merge at least two or more major components of the farming system as envisaged under the eligible components to qualify for the support.
- Farmers can choose one or combination of farming systems suitable to the specific ecosystem supported through local KVK, SAU, ICAR Centre, ICRISAT, ATMA for maximising agricultural productivity.
- Based on agro-climatic conditions, investments in the farming system will vary.
- Support to each farm families under RADP will be restricted to a farm size of 2 hector and all-time financial assistance of Rs. 100000 in case of arid and semi-arid zones and Rs. 80000 for sub-humid and humid areas, even if most of the components are planned as per the financial pattern indicated below.
Note: No farmer can claim for further assistance under RADP beyond these limits. However, construction or renovation of farm ponds and construction of the poly house are excluded from these limits. Credit support if required, will be arranged to meet the balance.
Farmers will also be assisted in setting up a low tunnel poly house for raising planting materials and cultivating cash crops, including vegetables and flowers etc.
As mentioned above the RADP will be implemented as a sub-scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY). The State Agriculture Department, the nodal agency for implementation of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana will also be implementing the Rainfed Area Development Programme (RADP).
All the rainfed areas having a large extent of cultivable land and potential for increasing agriculture productivity are to be covered under Rainfed Area Development Programme (RADP). Within the rainfed areas, priority will be provided to arid, semi-arid and sub-humid ecosystems.
The districts having less than 60% of the cultivated area under irrigation and influenced by arid (31), semi-arid (133) and sub-humid (175) agroecosystems are to be prioritised for RADP. The Eligible Districts for Coverage under RADP is given in the document:RADP-16
Backward districts in the Kerala and North Eastern States which are under humid agro-eco-systems but having less than 30% cultivated area under irrigation will be covered under the programme.
Implementation of the scheme is proposed to be undertaken in the following areas
- Areas already developed under watershed programmes
- The area where water resources have been developed under the MNREGA scheme, MoWR Schemes
- Areas being developed in on-going or new watershed and other such schemes
- The area where some commodities are being promoted through the National Food Security Mission (NFSM), National Health Mission (NHM), NMMI
- New areas having the potential for farming systems development
Release of Funds
Funds for implementation of Rainfed Area Development Programme projects will be released by RKVY Division, after approval of the Projects by the SLSC as per the funding pattern and process of release for other RKVY Projects.
The Pattern of Assistance under RADP
|Sl.No||Item||Type||Maximum Permissible Cost||Pattern of Assistance|
|Rice/Wheat Based||Rs.40000 per hector|
|Coarse cereal Based||Rs.20000 per hector|
|Oilseed Based||Rs.30000 per hector|
|Fibre Based||Rs.40000 per hector|
|Pulse Based||Rs.20000 per hector|
|2||Horticulture based Farming System||Rs.50000 per hector|
|3||Tree/Silvi-Pastural||Rs.30000 per hector|
|4||Livestock-based farming system||Rs.80000 with 2 animals + 1 ha CS|
|Rs.50,0000 with 2 animals + 1 ha CS|
|5||Fishery based farming system|
Rs.40,0000 per hector without the pond
Rs.75000 per hector with pond
|6||Apiculture (Bee Keeping)||Rs.3500 per colony|
|7||Silage making for increased availability of green fodder round the year|
|8||Seed Production for Coarse cereals, pulses, oilseeds and vegetables||Project-based with a limit of Rs.50000 per hector and maximum size of one unit will be four hectors other than PSU/SAU|
|9||Green House||Rs.935 per square meter Tubular and Rs.515 per square meter for a wooden structure|
|10||In-situ moisture conservation||Rs.5000 per hector|
|11||Postharvest and Storage||Rs.3 lakh per unit|
|12||Farm Mechanism||Rs.20 lakh|
|13||Crop Insurance||Premium amount|
The performance of RADP will be monitored as per the online progress monitoring system RKVY, and Management Information System developed for RKVY Projects.
Data fields required for RDMIS will be as per the format is given below.RADP-18-19
The selected farmers will be supplied with a Beneficiary Card in which entries will be made for all assistance provided along with returns from the investment.
Periodical field visit, verification and review will be undertaken by the State and District Nodal Agencies.