National Food Security Mission

National Food Security Mission

National Food Security Mission

The Government of India through the National Development Council (NDC) has launched the National Food Security Mission (NFSM). The mission was mainly developed to increase the production of food grain in the state. Also, this scheme facilitates in developing new high-yielding/hybrid varieties of field crops, horticultural crops and breeder seeds for promoting the sustainable agricultural sector in the nation. In this article, we look at the National Food Security Mission in detail.

Objectives of the Scheme

The objectives of the National Food Security Mission are given below:

  • To improve the production and productivity of wheat, rice and pulses on a sustainable basis.
  • To raise the income of farmers through enhanced technologies and farm management practices.
  • To ensure food security in the country.

Components of NFSM

NFSM has five major components as mentioned below:

  • National Food Security Mission – Food Gain Crops (NFSM-Food Gain Crops)
  • National Food Security Mission – Coarse Cereals (NFSM-Coarse Cereals)
  • National Food Security Mission – Commercial Crops (NFSM-Commercial Crops)
  • National Food Security Mission  – Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NFSM- National Food Security Mission)
  • National Food Security Mission – Seed Village Programme (NFSM-Seed Village Programme)

NFSM Subsidy  

Assistance for Hybrid/Certified Seed

Under NFSM, the assistance for seed is limited to 2 hectares per farmer as per below table:

ParticularsCrops typesSubsidy Rate
Rice
  • Hybrids
  • Varieties

 

  • Rs. 50 per kg or 50% of the cost whichever is less
  • Rs. 10 per kg for varieties less than 10 years
WheatVarietiesRs. 10 per kg for varieties less than 10 years
PulsesVarietiesRs. 25 per kg or 50% of the cost, whichever is less for varieties less than 15 years
Coarse CerealsVarietiesRs. 15 per kg or 50% of the cost whichever is less for varieties less than 10 years

Assistance for micronutrients/lime/gypsum or sulphur containing fertilizers

Under NFSM, the assistance of fertilizers is for a maximum of two hectares for rice, wheat and pulses:

FertilizerSubsidy Rate
Micro-nutrient Rs. 500 per hectare or 50% of the cost whichever is less
Liming or paper mud of acidic soilRs. 1000 per hectare or 50% of the cost whichever is less
Gypsum/other sources of sulphurRs. 750 per hectare or 50% of the cost whichever is less
Bio-fertilizersRs. 100 per hectare or 50% of the cost whichever is less

Assistance for Commercial Crops

The commercial crops covered under NFSM are Cotton, Jute and Sugarcane and the below table explains the financial assistance: 

CropType of Front Line Demonstration (FLD)Subsidy Rate
Cotton
  • Integrated Crop Management
  • Field FLD on Desi and ELS Cotton/ ELS Cotton Seed Production
  • FLD on Intercropping
  • Trials on High-Density Planting Systems (HDPS)

Rs.7,000

Rs.8,000

Rs.7,000

Rs.9,000

Jute
  • FLD on Alternate Retting Technologies
  • Production Technology/ Intercropping

Rs.20,000

RS.8,000

Sugarcane
  • Intercropping in Sugarcane
  • Single bud chip technology

Rs.8,000

Rs.8,000

Selection of Beneficiaries

The Gram Panchayats is responsible for the selection of beneficiary farmers. Only the farmers who are willing to cooperate and contribute some of their resources should be selected. Selection of beneficiaries should be made by adopting a “Participatory” approach. The allocation to SC/ST farmers is performed with respect to their population in the district. At least 33% of the fund is allocated for small and marginal farmers and 30% of the fund to be allocated for women farmers.

Note: National Food Security Mission is currently implemented in 638 identified districts of different states.

Also, read about Food Security Card

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