National Food Security Mission

National Food Security Mission

Home » Learn » Agriculture » National Food Security Mission

National Food Security Mission

The Government of India through the National Development Council (NDC) has launched the National Food Security Mission (NFSM). The mission was mainly developed to increase the production of food grain in the state. Also, this scheme facilitates in developing new high-yielding/hybrid varieties of field crops, horticultural crops and breeder seeds for promoting the sustainable agricultural sector in the nation. In this article, we look at the National Food Security Mission in detail.

Objectives of the Scheme

The objectives of the National Food Security Mission are given below:

  • To improve the production and productivity of wheat, rice and pulses on a sustainable basis.
  • To raise the income of farmers through enhanced technologies and farm management practices.
  • To ensure food security in the country.

Components of NFSM

NFSM has five major components as mentioned below:

  • National Food Security Mission – Food Gain Crops (NFSM-Food Gain Crops)
  • National Food Security Mission – Coarse Cereals (NFSM-Coarse Cereals)
  • National Food Security Mission – Commercial Crops (NFSM-Commercial Crops)
  • National Food Security Mission  – Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NFSM- National Food Security Mission)
  • National Food Security Mission – Seed Village Programme (NFSM-Seed Village Programme)

NFSM Subsidy  

Assistance for Hybrid/Certified Seed

Under NFSM, the assistance for seed is limited to 2 hectares per farmer as per below table:

Particulars Crops types Subsidy Rate
  • Hybrids
  • Varieties


  • Rs. 50 per kg or 50% of the cost whichever is less
  • Rs. 10 per kg for varieties less than 10 years
Wheat Varieties Rs. 10 per kg for varieties less than 10 years
Pulses Varieties Rs. 25 per kg or 50% of the cost, whichever is less for varieties less than 15 years
Coarse Cereals Varieties Rs. 15 per kg or 50% of the cost whichever is less for varieties less than 10 years

Assistance for micronutrients/lime/gypsum or sulphur containing fertilizers

Under NFSM, the assistance of fertilizers is for a maximum of two hectares for rice, wheat and pulses:

Fertilizer Subsidy Rate
Micro-nutrient  Rs. 500 per hectare or 50% of the cost whichever is less
Liming or paper mud of acidic soil Rs. 1000 per hectare or 50% of the cost whichever is less
Gypsum/other sources of sulphur Rs. 750 per hectare or 50% of the cost whichever is less
Bio-fertilizers Rs. 100 per hectare or 50% of the cost whichever is less

Assistance for Commercial Crops

The commercial crops covered under NFSM are Cotton, Jute and Sugarcane and the below table explains the financial assistance: 

Crop Type of Front Line Demonstration (FLD) Subsidy Rate
  • Integrated Crop Management
  • Field FLD on Desi and ELS Cotton/ ELS Cotton Seed Production
  • FLD on Intercropping
  • Trials on High-Density Planting Systems (HDPS)





  • FLD on Alternate Retting Technologies
  • Production Technology/ Intercropping



  • Intercropping in Sugarcane
  • Single bud chip technology



Selection of Beneficiaries

The Gram Panchayats is responsible for the selection of beneficiary farmers. Only the farmers who are willing to cooperate and contribute some of their resources should be selected. Selection of beneficiaries should be made by adopting a “Participatory” approach. The allocation to SC/ST farmers is performed with respect to their population in the district. At least 33% of the fund is allocated for small and marginal farmers and 30% of the fund to be allocated for women farmers.

Note: National Food Security Mission is currently implemented in 638 identified districts of different states.

Also, read about Food Security Card

Other Related Guides

Seed Certification in India Seed Certification in India Seed Certification is a process designed to maintain quality of seeds during seed production, post-harvest operation and ...
Mega Food Park Mega Food Park The Mega Food Park scheme offers a mechanism to link agricultural production to the market by bringing together farmers, processors an...
One Nation One Card One Nation One Card The Government of India has launched an innovative initiative 'One Nation One Card' (ONOC), also called as National Common Mobili...
National Food Security Act National Food Security Act "No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law." Articl...
Food Security Card – Eligibility and Applica... Food Security Card - Eligibility and Application Procedure The Food Security Card or Food Security Ration Card is a legal document that entitles the ...

Post by Karthiga

IndiaFilings is India's largest online compliance services platform dedicated to helping people start and grow their business, at an affordable cost. We were started in 2014 with the mission of making it easier for Entrepreneurs to start their business. We have since helped start and operate tens of thousands of businesses by offering a range of business services. Our aim is to help the entrepreneur on the legal and regulatory requirements, and be a partner throughout the business lifecycle, offering support at every stage to ensure the business remains compliant and continually growing.