Form GSTR 9C is meant for filing the reconciliation statement of taxpayers pertaining to a particular financial year. The form is a statement of reconciliation between the Annual Returns in GSTR-9 and the figures mentioned in the Audited Financial Statements of the taxpayer. Given that, this CA certified form must be filed during the filing of Annual Returns in GSTR-9 and the Audited Financial Statements. The obligation can either be completed through the GST portal or a Facilitation Centre. This article deals with the usage and need of the form.
What is a Reconciliation Statement?
A reconciliation statement is a document which is intended to facilitate independent verification of the accuracy of the balance in the accounts of a company, added with the purpose of clarifying the differences between the two versions of the account. Under GST, the Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant is required to formulate the GST reconciliation statement, wherein any differences between the details reported in the GST returns and the Audited Accounts must be reported along with the cause of such deduction. Such an obligation is enforced to certify any additional liability resulting out of the reconciliation exercise and GST audit in GSTR-9C.
The Purpose of GST Reconciliation
Reciliation under GST is a given, which can be attributed to the following factors:
- Taxpayers part of this tax system will only be able to claim Input Tax Credit (ITC) if their invoice is present as a part of their 2A data or vendor data. Considering this, the taxpayers are necessitated to perform a reconciliation on the areas where there is a mismatch between the ITC and 2A data.
- Taxpayers must perform reconciliation to ensure the correctness of the declaration made in the form of monthly and quarterly returns and to avoid duplications.
Apart from this, the provision caters to the following circumstances:
- Claiming the eligible ITC against any invoice raised during the previous year.
- Apportionment of ITC associated with the previous year.
- Declaration of CDN’s issued against any invoices raised during the previous year.
- Filing of amendments to the information furnished in the returns filed during the previous year.
- Making amendments to the information reported in the GST returns for taxpayers who have opted for the composition scheme.
GSTR 9C is applicable to taxpayers who are required to obtain an annual GST audit of their accounts. It must be prepared and certified by a Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant.
GST Audit: Taxpayers with an annual aggregate turnover of above Rs. 2 crores in a particular financial year qualifies for a tax audit.
Form GSTR 9C must be filed within the 31st of December every year for the particular previous financial year, which is the same as that of Form GSTR 9. For the attention of the taxpayers, the due date of filing this return for the Fiscal Year of 2017-18 has been extended to the 31st of March, 2019.
Due Date Further Extended to 31st August 2019
The Government has decided to extend the due date for filing various GSTR-9 forms for FY 2017-18 until 31st August 2019. This is applicable for GSTR-9, 9A & 9C forms.
Contents of the Form
GSTR-9C is divided into the following parts:
- Part A: Reconciliation Statement
- Part B: Certification
Part A: Reconciliation Statement
Part A of the form is further divided into five sections. Here’s an overview:
Part-I -basic details: Includes details of Financial Year, Legal Name and Trade Name. Here, the taxpayer is required to specify whether he/she is liable for audit under any other prevailing laws.
Part II – reconciliation of declared turnover: This part prompts for the reporting of the gross and taxable turnover declared in the Annual Return with the Audited Financial Statements. It may be noted that in normal cases, the Audited Financial statement is at a PAN level. Such a scenario may mandate the need of breaking up of the Audited Financial Statement at GSTIN level for reporting in GSTR-9C.
Part III – reconciliation of tax paid: In this part, the tax liability of the previous year and the respective payments (as reported in GSTR-9) with the differences thereof must be specified rate-wise. In addition to this, it mandates the taxpayers to state the additional liability due to unreconciled differences noticed upon reconciliation.
Part IV- reconciliation of Input Tax Credit (ITC): Part IV entails the reconciliation of Input Tax Credit (ITC) claimed and utilized by the taxpayers (as reported in GSTR-9 and the Audited Financial Statement). This must be supported with a report of the expenses booked in accordance with the audited accounts, which includes a breakup of eligible and ineligible ITC and reconciliation of the eligible ITC.
Part V – recommendation of the auditor on additional liability due to non-reconciliation: The concluding part of the reconciliation statement mandates the auditor to report any tax liability identified through the reconciliation exercise and GST audit, the payment of which remains to be paid by the taxpayer.
Part B: Certification
As already observed, Form GSTR 9C requires the certification of a chartered or cost accountant. Part B of the form caters to this purpose. The certification can either be done by a CA who had conducted the audit or another person of a similar designation. With respect to the latter, the concerned personnel must have based an opinion on the Books of Accounts audited by another CA in the reconciliation statement.
Taxpayers who do not meet the obligation prescribed under this provision will be incurred with a penal charge of Rs. 200 per day of default (100 each for SGST and CGST). This will be in addition to interest at the rate of 18% per annum, which will be calculated from the outstanding tax amount.
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