Electric Vehicles Charging Guidelines
Electric Vehicles Charging Guidelines
The Ministry for Power and Ministry for New and Renewable Energy approved guidelines and specifications for establishing charging stations for electric vehicles. The Government of India (GoI) has approved guidelines and standards on 14.12.2018 to regulate infrastructure for electric vehicles. Following the previous approval, GoI released an amendment through Notification N0. 12/2019 on 4th October 2019 to increase the number of electric vehicles and infrastructure in the country.
The revised guidelines emphasise on addressing the concerns of the infrastructure for electric vehicles’ users. The amendment focuses on Charging Stations in cities, expressways and public spaces, guidelines and standards, infrastructure requirements and nomination of Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) for facilitating charging infrastructure.
- To increase the number of electric vehicles in India
- Create a safe, reliable, accessible and affordable charging stations
- Set an affordable tariff for users
- Create more infrastructure to help set up charging stations
- Create employment and income opportunities for SMEs
- Create a sustainable and eco-friendly charging infrastructure to increase business opportunities
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Electric Vehicles Infrastructure Guidelines
Charging Stations at Highways or Roads
- The expansion of infrastructure for electric vehicles shall be carried out in two phases. The infrastructure will connect the mega-cities and important highways in the first phase. The second phase will cover big cities, State Capitals Union Capitals (UTs) within five years.
- Charging stations will be made available for electric vehicles for every 25 Km on both the sides of the highways or roads.
- Fast charging stations shall be installed for long-range and heavy-duty electric vehicles every 100 Km on both the sides of the highways or roads.
- At least one charging station with a grid of 3×3 shall be made available.
Charging Stations at Public Spaces
Public Charging Stations (PCS) such as private charging at residents or offices can be facilitated on meeting the requirements of the technical standards and protocols of the Ministry of Power and New and Renewable Energy. Setting up PCS shall be deemed as a de-licensed activity. Hence any individual or an entity can set up the infrastructure. The tariff for the provision and supply of electricity shall be determined as per Section 3 of Electricity Act 2003.
To set up a charging station at PCS, the individual or the entity shall approach the Distribution Company for a license for connectivity.
Minimum Requirements for PCS
- The facility shall have 33/11 KV line or cables linked with termination or metering equipment
- The facility should be updated with appropriate safety equipment and civil works
- Tie up with Network Service Providers (NSP) to enable the remote or online booking to charge EVs
- Provision to update data to Distribution Company (DISCOM) and maintain records as per the guidelines of DISCOM
- Liquid Cooled cables for high-speed charging if Fluid Cooled Batteries (FCBs) are installed
Types of Chargers for PCS
The guidelines stipulate that the following types can be used at Public Charging Stations:
|S.No.||Type of the Charger||Type of the Connector||Rated Voltage||No. of Charging Points|
|1||Fast||CCS (min 50 kW)||200-1000||1/1 CG|
|2||CHAdeMO (min 50 kW)||200-1000||1/1 CG|
|3||Type-2 AC (min 22 kW)||380-480||1/1 CG|
|4||Slow||Bharat AC-001 (10 kW)||230||3/3 CG of 3.3 kW each|
Central Nodal Agency
The GoI has nominated Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), a legislative body under the Ministry of Power to monitor the process of installation, operation and maintenance of PCS, FCS, BCS and BSF. The tariff for providing power supply for PCS will be decided by BEE with the consultation of Central or State governments as regulated by Section 3 of Electricity Act 2003.
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