GST Rate for Construction and Building Materials
GST Rate for Construction and Building Materials
GST is set to roll out from 1st July 2017 in India, completely overhauling the indirect tax regime. The proposed GST shall improve the ease of doing business in India and reducing tax burden by eliminating or integrating many of the tax codes. In this article, let us look at the GST rate for building materials like cement, bricks, tiles, iron, steel and other materials used in construction.
HSN Codes for Building Materials
Building materials like sand, cement, bricks, marble, granites, tiles, iron and steel and other construction goods are classified under various chapters of the HSN Code. Hence, its important for those involved in construction to correctly classify goods based on HSN Code. Click here to check GST rate based on HSN code.
GST Rate for Sand
Natural sands of all kinds, whether or not coloured, other than metalbearing sands is classified under Chapter 26 of the HSN Code. GST rate for sand is fixed at 5%. Further, bitumen and asphalt, natural; bituminous or oil shale and tar sands; asphaltites and asphaltic rocks shall attract a GST rate of 18%
GST Rate for Gravel, Crushed Stone, Marble and Granites
The following details the GST rate for various types of stones used in construction:
Gravel and Crushed Stone
The GST rate for pebbles, gravel and crushed stone used in concrete is 5%. The following are HSN Code classification for gravel and crushed stone for which 5% GST rate is applicable:
- Pebbles, gravel, broken or crushed stone, of a kind commonly used for concrete aggregates, for road metalling or for railway or other ballast, shingle and flint, whether or not heat-treated; macadam of slag, dross or similar industrial waste, whether or not incorporating the materials cited in the first part of the heading; tarred macadam; granules cheeping and powder of stones.
- Limestone flux; limestone and other calcareous stone, of a kind used for the manufacture of lime or cement.
Marble and Granite Blocks
Marble and granite blocks attract a GST rate of 12%. On the other hand, marble, granite and travertine, in other than blocks attract a GST rate of 28%.
Other stones used in construction like porphyry, basalt, sandstone and other monumental or building stone, both in blocks and slabs attract GST at 5% rate.
Note: Articles made out of stone are taxed under a different HSN chapter at different rates under GST.
GST Rate for Cement
All types of portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, super sulphate cement and similar hydraulic cement, whether or not coloured or in the form of clinkers would attract 28% GST. Types of cement are classified under chapter 25 of the HSN Code.
GST Rate for Iron and Steel
All iron and steel products are classified under chapter 72 of the HSN code and attract a uniform GST rate of 18%. Hence, iron blocks, wire, rolls, rods, etc. used in construction attract 18% GST. (Full list of GST rate of iron and steel).
GST Rate for Bricks
Bricks used as building materials attract different GST rates and are classified under different HSN codes based on the type as follows:
- Building bricks and bricks of fossil meals or similar siliceous rock attract 5% GST.
- Sand lime bricks and fly ash bricks attract 12% GST.
- Articles of cement, of concrete or of artificial stone, whether or not reinforced; such as tiles, flagstones, bricks and similar articles, Building blocks and bricks, Cement bricks, Prefabricated structural components for Building or civil engineering, prefabricated structural components for building or civil engineering attract 28% GST.
- Refractory bricks, blocks, tiles and similar refractory ceramic constructional goods, other than those of siliceous fossil meals or similar siliceous rock attract 18% GST.
- Glass based paving blocks, slabs, bricks, squares, tiles and other articles of pressed or moulded glass, whether or not wired, of a kind used for building or construction purposes; glass cubes and other glass smallwares, whether or not on a backing, for mosaics or similar decorative purposes; leaded lights and the like; multicellular or foam glass in blocks, panels, plates, shells or similar forms attract a 28% GST.
GST Rate for Tiles
Similar to bricks, building tiles also attract different GST rates and are classified under different HSN codes based on the type as follows:
- Earthen or roofing tiles attract 5% GST.
- Floor coverings of plastics, whether or not self-adhesive, in rolls or in the form of tiles; wall or ceiling coverings of plastics attract 28% GST.
- Bamboo flooring tiles attract 18% GST.
- Panels, boards, tiles, blocks and similar articles of vegetable fibre, of straw or of shavings, chips, particles, sawdust or other waste, of wood, agglomerated with cement, plaster or other mineral binders attract 28% GST.
- Articles of plaster or of compositions based on plaster; such as Boards, sheets, panels, tiles and similar articles, not ornamented attract 28% GST.
- Tiles made out of cement or concrete or artificial stone attract 28% GST.
- Ceramic flooring blocks, support or filler tiles and the like attract 28% GST.
- Flags and paving with ceramic, hearth or wall tiles; ceramic mosaic cubes and the like, whether or not on a backing; finishing ceramics attract 28% GST.
- Glazed ceramic flags and paving, hearth or wall tiles; glazed ceramic mosaic cubes and the like, whether or not on a backing attract 28% GST.
GST Rate for Interiors used in Construction
The following GST rate applies for all materials used in furnishing interiors of a building during construction.
As per Chapter 85 of the HSN Code, GST shall apply at 28% for Insulated wire and cable. Chapter 85 pertains to electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and re-producers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles.
Paint and Varnish
Paints and varnishes (including enamels and lacquers) based on synthetic polymers or chemically modified natural polymers are taxed at 28% GST. Further, glaziers’ putty, grafting putty, resin cement, caulking compounds and other mastics; painters’ fillings; nonrefractory surfacing preparations for facades, indoor walls, floors, ceilings and others taxed at 28% GST.
- Ceramic sinks, washbasins, wash basin pedestals, baths, bidets, water closet pans, flushing cisterns, urinals and similar sanitary fixtures under HSN Code 69 attract 28% GST.
- Sanitary ware and parts thereof of iron and steel attract a GST rate of 28%.
- Ceramic pipes, conduits, guttering and pipe fittings attract GST rate of 28%.
- Tube or pipe fittings (for example, couplings, elbows, sleeves), of copper, aluminium, plastic, nickel, iron or steel attract GST at 18% rate.
Wallpaper and similar wall coverings attract a GST of 28%.
Padlocks and locks (key, combination or electrically operated) are taxed at 18%. Base metal mountings, fittings and similar articles suitable for furniture, doors, staircases, windows or blinds are taxed at 28% GST.