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Trademark Objection Process in India

Trademark Objection Process in India

Trademark Objection Process in India

In India, the trademark objection step is crucial to the trademark registration process. During this stage, the authorities conduct a meticulous examination of your chosen brand name to ensure it complies with all regulations. If any issues or concerns are identified, they are brought to your attention. It is imperative to address these concerns promptly to facilitate the smooth registration of your brand name. This ensures that your brand name aligns with trademark laws and does not closely resemble other brand names.

IndiaFilings is here to assist you in navigating these issues and making the trademark registration process hassle-free.


Before delving into trademark objections, it’s essential to grasp the concept of a trademark. In India, a trademark can be a unique symbol, image, or name identifying a product’s creator or service provider. It is a distinct identifier for a business, representing its brand and quality. Registering your trademark grants you exclusive rights, preventing others from using it without your consent.

Trademark Registration Process Overview

The trademark registration process involves several key steps to secure exclusive rights to a brand identity. Here’s an overview of the trademark registration process:

  • Trademark Search: Conduct a thorough trademark search to ensure no existing similar or conflicting trademarks are already registered or pending. This step helps prevent potential opposition issues.
  • Filing of Trademark Application: Submit a trademark registration application to the relevant authorities, providing comprehensive details about the mark and its intended use.
  • Formality Inspection: The Trademark Registry examines the application to ensure compliance with legal requirements.
  • Publication in the Journal: Successful examination results in the mark being published in the Trademark Journal for public review.
  • Trademark Objection: During the publication phase, there is a four-month window for anyone to raise objections to trademark registration.
  • Response and Hearing: If an objection is raised, both parties can respond and present their case during the objection proceedings.
  • Trademark Registration: In the absence of successful objections or issues and upon meeting all requirements, the trademark is registered, granting exclusive rights to the owner.

Trademark Objection

As previously mentioned, when a trademark application is submitted to the Indian Trademark Office, it undergoes a rigorous examination.  If the examining officer identifies inconsistencies or potential conflicts with existing trademarks during this scrutiny, they issue an objection. When the status of a trademark on the Indian Trademark Registry website is displayed as ‘objected,’ it signifies that the trademark examiner has issued an objection concerning the trademark in the examination report. Upon evaluating the trademark application, the Registrar can raise objections against the application based on the provisions outlined in Section 9 and Section 11 of the Trade Marks Act.

It’s crucial to understand that an objection is not a denial but a request for clarification or adjustment. Addressing this promptly and effectively ensures a smooth trademark registration process.

Reasons for Trademark Objections

The Indian Trademark Office may object to a trademark application based on specific grounds detailed in Section 9 and Section 11 of the Indian Trademarks Act. The primary reasons include when the submitted trademarks lack uniqueness, are too descriptive and generic, or conflict with previously registered or pending trademarks.

Objections Under Section 11

This section deals with objections about the similarity between the proposed and existing trademarks.

  • Identical Marks: For instance, applying for “Sunshine” as a beverage trademark when “Sunshine” already exists in the same category would invite an objection due to the identical names.
  • Similar Sound: An application for “CandyLand” for candy products might face objection if “KandyLand” is already registered in the same sector due to the similarity in sound.
  • Similar Concept: Applying for “TechSolutions” for a tech company might conflict with an existing “TechPro” mark since both suggest similar concepts.

Objections Under Section 9

This section focuses on trademarks that might be too obvious, lack distinctive character, or could be misleading.

  • Descriptive Terms: A trademark like “FreshJuice” for juice products could face objection because it directly describes the product.
  • Lack of Distinctiveness: Attempting to register a simple geometric design like a square for furniture might be objected to for lacking a unique identity.
  • Deceptive or Misleading: Brands that misrepresent their products, such as “OrganicGarden” for a skincare range with non-organic ingredients, could face objection due to potential consumer deception.

Impact of Objections on Trademark Registration

  • Addressing objections is crucial for successful trademark registration.
  • Failure to resolve objections may result in the rejection of the trademark application.
  • Successfully addressing objections ensures that the trademark adheres to legal standards and does not infringe on existing trademarks.

Responding to Trademark Objections Online

Upon receiving the examination report, it is essential to respond within 30 days. The response should be comprehensive and must address the queries raised in the examination report. Failure to do so may result in the rejection of the application. However, if the response does not meet the expected standards, the applicant can appeal to the Intellectual Property Appellate Board.

When to Submit the Objection Reply

Upon receiving the examination report, filing a reply within 30 days is essential. This reply should be comprehensive and must address the queries raised in the examination report.

Documents Required for the Reply

To address the objections effectively, the following documents should be submitted in the reply:

  • Invoices and bills
  • Affidavits
  • Business cards and letterheads
  • Any relevant government documents, such as MSME or FSSCI certificates
  • Screenshots of social media pages or copies of advertisements

Responding to the Trademark Objection – File Reply

Upon receiving the examination report, promptly submitting a detailed written reply is critical. Failing to do so may result in the application’s rejection. The response should be thorough, presenting justifications, supporting evidence, and facts, asserting that the mark meets all requirements for valid registration. If the applicant’s response convinces the reviewing officer, the trademark will be listed in the public journal. The public has four months to review and raise any Trademark opposition.

Trademark Objection vs. Trademark Opposition

It’s essential to differentiate between “objection” and “opposition.” While these terms are often used interchangeably, they have distinct meanings. An “objection” pertains to concerns raised by the reviewing officer about the registration process’s adherence, whereas “trademark opposition” involves a third party challenging the trademark’s validity.

IndiaFilings: Expert Assistance for Trademark Objections

If you are seeking adept guidance in addressing these objections and require end-to-end trademark registration services, IndiaFilings is your ideal choice. Our expert team excels in handling the nuances of trademark objections, ensuring your responses to examination reports are comprehensive.

For tailored trademark registration services, connect with our trademark experts now!