Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
The Finance Minister has announced a Farmer Income Support Scheme called Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana. The scheme was presented in the interim budget 2019 in the national assembly on the 1st February 2019. All small and marginal farmers with land will receive financial assistance of Rs. 6,000 every year under the scheme. In addition to this scheme, there were many other projects benefiting various categories of the community were announced. This article discusses in detail the overview of the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana.
A small and marginal landholder farmer is primarily a family comprising of a husband, wife and minor children. The family possess a cultivable land up to 2 hectares as per land records of the concerned State and Union Territory. The existing land-ownership system is used for the identification of the beneficiaries for the calculation of benefits.
Objective of the Scheme
The fundamental intention of the scheme is to provide income support for farmers and to assist them in purchasing various inputs that are required during the sowing seasons. The project is targeted for all small and marginal farmers across the nation.
Highlights of the Scheme
The highlights of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana is given below.
- Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana paves the way for living and to earn a respectable life for the farmers.
- In order to guarantee income assistance to small and marginal farmers, the Indian Government has proposed this scheme.
- The weaker peasant families possessing a cultivable land up to 2 Hectare will be receiving Rs. 6,000 as direct income assistance.
- The funding would be made by the Central Government in three equal instalments of Rs. 2000. If not the farmers receive an income of Rs. 500 every month.
- Almost 12 Crore small and marginal farmers will be benefiting from the said scheme.
- The first instalment shall be paid by March 31st, 2019.
- An annual expenditure of Rs. 75,000 Crores will be funded for the scheme.
- The money would be deposited in the farmer’s bank account directly by the officials, therefore avoiding corruption.
- Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana will not provide supplemental income to impoverished farmers. However, it would assist them with emerging needs, especially before the crop season.
Responsibility to identify the landholder farmer family who is eligible to acquire the benefits under the scheme shall be decided by the State/ Union Territory Government. The states prepare databases of the qualified beneficiary landholder farmer families in the villages by obtaining details like Name, Age, Gender and Category (SC/ ST), Aadhaar number or Aadhaar enrollment number for those candidates who have not received Aadhaar card. In addition to this, information regarding identification documents like driving license, voters’ ID, NREGA job card or other identification documents that are issued by the Central/ State/ Union Territory Governments of their authorities, bank account number, IFSC code are also acquired. Though the mobile number is not required it is better to provide it, so that information regarding the sanction/ transfer can be communicated. For beneficiaries in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Jammu and Kashmir where Aadhar card has not been issued, Aadhaar number shall be collected for those beneficiaries where it is available, and other alternate prescribed documents can be obtained for identity verification purposes. States and Union Territories ensures that there is no duplication of the payment that is transferred to eligible farmers. Speedy reconciliation in case of wrong/ incomplete bank details of the beneficiary has to be ensured.
Benefits of the Scheme
Under the scheme, financial interests that are mention below will be provided to all small and marginal landholder farmer families across the country.
- Landholder farmer families with a total cultivable holding up to 2 hectares will be provided with a benefit of Six thousand Rupees per annum in three equal instalments that are every four months.
- The first instalment to eligible beneficiaries during the financial year 2018-19 shall be for the period from 01.12.2018-31.03.2019.
Eligibility of the Scheme
Citizens passing the following criteria are eligible to apply for this scheme.
- The scheme is sponsored by the Central Government. Therefore, the farmers have to be citizens of the country.
- Those farmers categorised as small and marginal agricultural labours are permitted to apply for this scheme.
- If the farm possessed by the farmer is more than 2 acres, then he/ she is not eligible to attain the benefits of the scheme.
The following categories of beneficiaries of high economic status shall not be eligible to receive the benefits of the scheme.
- All institutional landholders.
- Farmer families where one or more of its members belong to the following categories.
- Former and present holders of constitutional posts.
- Former and present Ministers/ State Ministers and former and current Members of Lok Sabha/ Rajya Sabha/ State Legislative councils/ State Legislative Assemblies, former and present Mayors of municipal Corporations, former and present Chairperson of District Panchayats.
- All serving or retired officers and employees of the Central/ State Government Ministries/ offices/ department and its field units Central or State PSEs and attached offices/ autonomous institutions under the Government and regular employees of the Local Bodies (excluding Multi Tasking Staff/ Class IV/ Group D employees).
- All superannuated/ retired pensioners whose monthly pension is more than Rs. 10,000.
- Individuals who had paid Income Tax in the last assessment year.
- Professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants and Architects registered with professional bodies and carrying out profession by undertaking practices.
Exclusion of State and Union Territory Government can certify the eligibility of the beneficiary based on the self-declaration. If the recipients are not available or do not reside in the village, State/ Union Territory Governments may consider certification depending on the declaration made by another adult member of his/ her family. In case of an incorrect self-declaration, the beneficiary would be liable for recovery of transferred financial benefits and other penal actions abiding by the law.
Latest Update on Eligibility
As per the press release on 25th June 2019 from the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the eligibility has been revised as per below. The exact notification is presented below:
All landholder farmers’ families in the country are eligible for the PM-Kisan Scheme, except those covered under the following exclusion criteria:
(I) All Institutional Land holders; and
(II) Farmer families in which one or more of its members belong to following categories :
(i) Former and present holders of constitutional posts
(ii) Former and present Ministers/ State Ministers and former/present Members of Lok Sabha/ Rajya Sabha/ State Legislative Assemblies/ State Legislative Councils,former and present Mayors of Municipal Corporations, former and present Chairpersons of District Panchayats.
(iii) All serving or retired officers and employees of Central/ State Government Ministries /Offices/Departments and its field units Central or State PSEs and Attached offices /Autonomous Institutions under Government as well as regular employees of the Local Bodies (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff / Class IV/Group D employees)
(iv) All superannuated/retired pensioners whose monthly pension is Rs.10,000/-or more (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff / Class IV/Group D employees)
(v) All Persons who paid Income Tax in last assessment year.
vi) Professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and Architects registered with Professional bodies and carrying out profession by undertaking practices.
Given below are the mandatory reports that have to be possessed by the citizens.
- Citizenship certificate
- Landholding papers
- Aadhaar card
The photocopies of Aadhaar cards have to be furnished when the applicant receives the fund in instalments. Failing to do this, leads the beneficiaries in not accepting the funds.
The Central Government is taking the necessary steps to implement this scheme. There has not been any information announced regarding the application procedure or the attainment of enrollment documents. When all the processes are confirmed, citizens can apply for it on the Government Portal.
Review, Monitoring and Grievance Redressal Mechanism
There is a stratified review/ monitoring mechanism at the National, State and District level. At the National level, the Review committee will be headed by the Cabinet Secretary. The states notify the State and District Level Review/ Monitoring Committee. The rules also inform the State and District Level Grievance Redressal Monitoring Committees for looking into all the grievances that ate related in the implementation of the scheme. Any claims or complaints received has to be disposed of on merit preferably within two weeks.
PM Kisan Portal
Beneficiaries under the scheme are identified by the concerned State and Union Territory. The details of the farmers are maintained by the States/ Union Territories either in electronic form in the manual register. To make an integrated programme available in the country to assist in benefit transfer, a platform named PM Kisan Portal will be launched to upload the SMF details at a single web portal in a uniform structure.
Objectives of PM Kisan Portal
- To provide a verified and single source of truth on SMF details at the portal.
- TImely assistance to the farmers in a farm operation.
- A unified e-platform for transferring cash benefits into a farmers bank account via PFMS integration.
- Location wise availability of benefited farmers list.
- Ease of monitoring across the nation on fund transaction details.
For transfer of benefits of the first installment (the period from 01.12.2018 to 31.03.2019), the States and Union Territories are expected to take immediate steps for finalization of eligible beneficiaries’ lists and uploading the same on the PM Kisan Portal by the 25th of February 2019, so that benefits may be transferred into the accounts of beneficiaries thereafter.
Validity of the Beneficiaries
The list of beneficiaries prepared by the States and Union Territories to transfer the first instalment shall be valid for one year. However, the States and Union Territories can upload names of eligible beneficiaries who have been identified subsequently. The officials have to implement a mechanism to make sure that the revision of the name of the beneficiary list in case of mutation and changes made in the land record after uploading list on the portal for updation of the available beneficiary details. It has to be noted that after 01.02.2019, benefits will be permitted to transferees only on succession due to the death of the candidate.