IndiaFilings » Learn » Trademark rectification » Grounds for Rectification of Trademark

Grounds for Rectification of Trademark

Trademark rectification in india

Grounds for Rectification of Trademark

Trademark rectification can be filed in India if there is a similarity with an already registered trademark or an occurrence of error while registering it. Section 57 of the Trademarks Act 1999 outlines the grounds for rectifying the mark. A trademark rectification application must be filed before the Trade Marks Registry, where the registration application was filed. If you don’t file for trademark rectification despite valid grounds, it leads to potential legal issues or cancellation of a mark. Understand the various grounds for rectification of trademark and how to prevent or rectify it in this article.

Get expert assistance to rectify your trademark!!

Get Started!

What is Trademark Rectification?

Trademark rectification is the legal process to correct errors or inaccuracies in registered trademarks. This procedure ensures that trademarks accurately represent the goods or services they are intended to protect, thereby maintaining the integrity of intellectual property rights. Rectification of trademark may be necessary due to typographical errors, clerical mistakes, or ownership or business structure changes. It upholds the clarity and validity of trademarks, safeguarding against confusion or misuse in the marketplace.

Grounds for Trademark Rectification in India

In India, Section 57 of the Trade Marks Act (1999) outlines the grounds for rectification of trademark and proceedings of the relevant authorities,

  1. Contravention or Failure to Observe Conditions: If any person feels aggrieved due to a violation or failure to observe a condition related to a trademark registered in India, they can apply to the High Court or the Registrar. Depending on the case, the High Court or the Registrar may decide to cancel or vary the registration of the trademark based on the grounds presented.
  2. Absence or Omission from the Register: Individuals aggrieved by the absence or omission of any entry in the trademark register, any entry made without sufficient cause, or any entry wrongly remaining on the register can apply to the High Court or the Registrar. Upon review, the High Court or the Registrar may order the making, expunging, or varying of the entry as deemed appropriate.
  3. Decision on Necessary Questions: In any proceeding under this section, the High Court or the Registrar has the authority to decide any question necessary or expedient in connection with the rectification of the register. This ensures that all relevant issues are addressed effectively during the trademark rectification process.
  4. Initiation of Rectification Proceedings: The High Court or the Registrar, may initiate rectification proceedings. After providing notice to the concerned parties and granting them an opportunity to be heard, the High Court or the Registrar can make any order as specified in subsections (1) or (2) based on the case’s merits.
  5. Notice of Rectification Order: Upon the High Court’s order rectifying the register, it directs that notice of the rectification be served upon the Registrar in the prescribed manner. Upon receipt of such notice, the Registrar must rectify the register accordingly, ensuring the necessary changes are made under the court’s decision.

Precautions to Prevent Mark Rectification

Use the following precautions to prevent the rectification or removal of the registered trademark from the registrar.

  • Renew the registered trademark within the prescribed timeframe to maintain its legal protection.
  • Preserve the trademark’s distinctive character and avoid its becoming deceptively similar to other marks.
  • Don’t leave your trademark unused for a period exceeding five years.
  • Take legal action against or restrain others from infringing your trademark.
  • Avoid using generic terms, descriptive terms, or deceptive elements when you are deciding your trademark.

How to rectify the registered trademark in India?

Suppose you find the trademark needs to be rectified on the mentioned grounds. Use the following steps for the trademark rectification process.

1. Choose the Appropriate Authority:

This is the first crucial step, as it determines the form you need and the overall trademark rectification process.

  • Registrar of Trademarks: It handles minor and clerical mistakes such as spelling errors, incorrect classifications or administrative errors.
  • Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB): To make any substantial changes, like cancellation or rectification of the registered trademark.

2. Choose the Correct Form:

  • Correction or Cancellation Requested by the Trademark Proprietor: Submit the “TM-16” form along with necessary payments.
  • Rectification or Cancellation requested by the Registrar: Use the “TM-M” form and pay prescribed fees.
  • Rectification or Cancellation Initiated by Any Aggrieved Party: Complete the “TM-26” form and submit it with the required fees.

3. Submit Documents: Provide necessary modifications and supporting documentation with the trademark rectification application(s), such as identification or address verification.

4. Draft the Application: Fill out the application form with all relevant details.

5. Submit the Form: Send the form and the required payments to the Registrar.

6. Ensure Comprehensive Justification: Include detailed justifications for filing a rectification application supported by adequate evidence.

7. Await Government Approval: The Registrar reviews the application and makes any necessary rectifications to the registered mark.

8. Respond to Registrar’s Notifications (for Aggrieved Party): If an aggrieved party requests correction,

  • Submit the trademark rectification application and required payments to the Registrar.
  • Receive notification from the Registrar to submit a counter-statement.
  • Both parties submit affidavits with supporting documentation.
  • The registrar or Appellate Board may decide on rectification based on the arguments presented.

The rectification filed in trademark process requires thorough documentation and evidence to support the requested changes to the registration.


Understanding the grounds for trademark rectification in India is crucial to prevent potential legal issues. This article explains the legal basis (Section 57 of the Trade Marks Act, 1999) and procedures for trademark rectification, emphasizing precautionary measures to avoid such situations. If rectification becomes necessary, use the outlined steps to understand how the rectification filed in trademark. You can get help from IndiaFilings experts to handle this trademark rectification process. 

Simplify trademark rectification effortlessly with IndiaFilings!

Get Started!