TM R C symbols

Trademark: TM, R and C Symbol

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Trademark: TM, R and C Symbol

TM, R and C symbol are frequently used with a trademark or copyright to indicate certain aspects of an intellectual property registration. The following are the common usages of these symbols:

™ – TM Symbol ©

The TM symbol is used when an application for trademark is made with the trademark registry. The TM symbol is thus used to indicate the fact that a trademark application exists with respect to the trademark and serves as a warning for infringers and counter-fitters.

SM Symbol

SM or Service Mark is a symbol used with trademark applications that are filed under class 35-45. Some applicants prefer to use TM symbol for trademark applications filed under class 1-34 and SM for trademark filed under class 35-45. Using the TM symbol for all classes or using a SM mark for trademark application under class 35-45 are both acceptable.

® – R Symbol

Once a trademark is registered, then the applicant can start using the ® symbol next to the trademark. The R symbol signifies that the trademark is registered and enjoys protection from infringement under the Trademark laws. Use of the ® symbol after filing a trademark application or without obtaining trademark registration is unlawful.

©- C Symbol

The © symbol stands for copyright and is a reserved right notice concerning any work that can be copyrighted like artwork, photography, videography, books, literary works, etc.,. The C symbol is used along with the copyright holder name and the year of first publication.  In some countries, the proper use of © symbol is a must to claim copyright protection. However, the Berne Convention does require the use of © symbol to claim copyright protection and India is a member of Berne Convention. Hence, thought the use of © symbol is not a statutory requirement, puts infringers on notice.

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IndiaFilings provides the entire range of services required to register and maintain protection for your intellectual property assets. We can help you register trademarks, copyrights, designs and patents. We can also help you with trademark objection or trademark opposition.

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