Section 143(1) Income Tax Notice
Section 143(1) Income Tax Notice
All persons having taxable income must file an income tax return each financial year. After filing the tax return, the income tax department would process the return and check for any errors. If the errors in an income tax notice are minor, a summary assessment under Section 143(1) can be completed without calling the assessee. Hence, income tax notice under Section 143(1) is the most common type of tax notices received from the Income Tax department. On receiving any income tax notice, the taxpayer without panicking must take steps to under the tax notice and comply with the request of the tax officer. In this article, we look at income tax notice u/s Section 143(1) in detail.
When Section 143(1) Tax Notice is Issued?
A tax notice under Section 143(1) of the Income Tax Act can be issued to begin a summary assessment without calling the taxpayer. In a summary assessment, the tax officer would not call for additional information or documents as requested in a scrutiny assessment.
Summary Assessment under Section 143(1)
An income tax notice under Section 143(1) will be issued in any of the following scenarios:
- Additional tax is payable by the assessee, after making adjustments mentioned below and giving credit to the taxes and interest paid. In such a case, the taxpayer will be asked to pay the amount due within 30 days.
- Tax is refundable to the assessee, after making adjustments mentioned below and giving credit to the taxes and interest paid.
- There is an increase/decrease in the loss declared by the assessee and no tax or interest is payable by the assessee and no interest is refundable to the assessee.
The total tax payable, refund applicable or loss can be recomputed due to any of the following reasons:
- Any arithmetical error in the return.
- An incorrect claim, if such incorrect claim is apparent from any information in the return.
- Disallowance of loss claimed, if a return of the previous year for which set-off of loss is claimed was furnished beyond the due date specified under section 139(1).
- Disallowance of expenditure indicated in the audit report but not taken into account in computing the total income in the return.
- Disallowance of deduction claimed u/s 10AA, 80IA to 80-IE, if the return is furnished beyond the due date specified under section 139(1).
- Addition of income appearing in Form 26AS or Form 16A or Form 16 which has not been included in computing the total income in the return.
Assessment under section 143(1) can be made within a period of one year from the end of the financial year in which the return of income is filed.
Process for Responding to Income Tax Notice under Section 143(1)
The tax notice u/s 143(1) will be sent to the assessee specifying the sum determined to be payable by, or the amount of refund due to the taxpayer. In case there is no sum payable or refundable, the acknowledgement of the return of income will be deemed to be the intimation.
If you would like to revise the income tax return after receiving a notice under Section 143(1), it must be completed within 15 days. If the taxpayer fails to respond in a timely manner to the income tax notice u/s Section 143(1), the income tax return will be processed after making necessary adjustments mentioned in the income tax notice.
To respond to an income tax notice under Section 143(1), follow the steps below:
Step 1: Login to your account on the Income Tax Department E-Filing website.
Step 2: Click on the E-Proceedings tab and select E-Assessment/Proceedings.
Step 3: Select Prima Facie Adjustment u/s 143(1)(a).
Step 4: You will see the details of income tax notice received. Click on Submit to being the process of submitting the response.
Step 5: You will now see the list of all mismatches identified. Click on the drop-down next to the Response to submit a response to the mismatch.
Step 6: In case you have any specific information or explanation, enter the same in the justification or remarks.
Step 7: Submit any supporting documents regarding the amounts of discrepancy before you submit your response.
Step 8: Click on “Submit”. Once the response is submitted, an acknowledgement will be provided.