ring
Retrenchment Compensation

Retrenchment Compensation

Retrenchment Compensation

Retrenchment is the termination of an employee by an employer for reasons other than a punishment meted out by disciplinary action. Employees terminated in such a manner are financially compensated by the employer. This kind of compensation is known as retrenchment compensation. This article strives to educate the reader on some of the key aspects of the compensation.

Eligibility for the Compensation

An employee will be considered eligible for retrenchment compensation on the satisfaction of the following conditions:

  • The employee must be a workman.
  • The employee must have offered continuous service for a period of 240 days in the previous 12 months, which will be calculated as a year of continuous service.

Continuous Service

Continuous service means performance of service without any interruptions. It may be noted that sickness, authorized leave, legal strikes, lock-outs and work-stoppages (where the worker is not at fault) cannot be considered as interruption of service. The retrenched employee must be provided with 15 days of average pay for a year of continuous service or any part thereof in excess of six months.

Average Pay

As already observed, an employee must be provided with 15 days of average pay for a year of continuous service or any part thereof. He must be compensated in the manner as described below:

  1. If the workman is being paid on a monthly basis – on the basis of three calendar months.
  2. If the workman is being paid on a weekly basis – on the basis of four completed weeks.
  3. If the workman is being paid on a daily basis – On the basis of the last 12 working days.

What is not Included?

Retrenchment doesn’t cover the following:

  1. Voluntary retirement of the employee.
  2. Employee’s retirement at the age of superannuation.
  3. Termination due to non-renewal of the contract.
  4. Termination owing to continued illness.

Compliance Requirements

The employer must comply with the following regulations in the event of a retrenchment:

  • The workman must be informed of the decision of retrenchment through a notice. The notice must be issued a month before the decision is implemented.
  • The notice must state the reason for infringement.
  • The workman must be compensated at the time of retrenchment and not after it.

Components of Calculation

Retrenchment compensation must be calculated considering the allowances such as basic wages, dearness allowance, all allowances for attendance, house rent, conveyance etc.  In addition to it, value of housing provided and value of amenities provided along with housing should be considered.

Taxability

Least of the following will be exempt from tax:

  • The amount of average pay provided to the employee
  • Rs 5,00,000
  • The actual amount received

If compensation exceeds the above limits, it will be treated as salary or profit in lieu of salary. However, compensations of such nature will incur relief in accordance with the regulations of the Income-Tax Act. Click here to file income tax return.

Other Related Guides

Form 3CEK Form 3CEK - Income Tax Annual Statement under section 9A of the Income-tax Act, 1961 
Form 26QAA Form 26QAA Quarterly return under section 206A for the quarter ended June/September/December/March (tick whichever applicable) of the Financial Year ...
NRI Selling Property in India NRI Selling Property in India Guide to the tax implications relating to NRI selling property in India. In order to understand the tax implications, u...
TDS Certificate TDS Certificate TDS or Tax Deduction at Source refers to a tax collection methodology under income tax law. Any person who is required to deduct tax ...
Form 10CCB Form 10CCB- Income Tax Audit report under section 80-I(7)/80-IA(7)/80-IB/80-IC

Post by Sreeram Viswanath

IndiaFilings is India's largest online compliance services platform dedicated to helping people start and grow their business, at an affordable cost. We were started in 2014 with the mission of making it easier for Entrepreneurs to start their business. We have since helped start and operate tens of thousands of businesses by offering a range of business services. Our aim is to help the entrepreneur on the legal and regulatory requirements, and be a partner throughout the business lifecycle, offering support at every stage to ensure the business remains compliant and continually growing.

User

Hi there,

Online We are available online!