Industries Development Bill 2015

IndiaFilings Review of The Industries Development Bill 2015

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IndiaFilings Review of The Industries Development Bill 2015

The Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951 was enacted to provide for the development and regulation of certain industries. The Industries (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2015 was introduced in Lok Sabha on December 7, 2015 by Minister of State for Commerce and Industry, Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman to amend the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951. In this article, we review the proposed Industries (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2015.

Main Amendments

The current Industries Act, 1951 regulates the production of alcohol for potable purposes. The Industries Development Bill, 2015 would exclude production of alcohol for potable purposes from the ambit of the Act. The Supreme Court of India has already demarcated the regulation of production of alcohol between centre and states (Bihar Distillery and another vs. Union of India and others). The court ruled that centre should regulate the production of alcohol for industrial use and states should regulate the production of alcohol for potable purpose (domestic consumption).  The Bill conforms to the Supreme Court’s decision.

Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951

The Industries Act, 1951 governs all aspects of industrial undertakings in India. Every person/entity who starts or owns an existing industrial undertaking, not being the Central Government are required to be registered under this Act. The following are some of the industries classified as industrial undertaking:


  • Iron and steel (metal)
  • Ferro- alloys
  • Iron and steel castings and forgings
  • Iron and steel structurals
  • Iron and steel pipes
  • Special steels
  • Other products of iron and steel
  • Precious metals, including gold and silver, and their alloys
  • Other non-ferrous metals and their alloys


  • Coal, lignite, coke and their derivatives
  • Mineral oil (crude oil), motor and aviation spirit, diesel oil, kerosene oil, fuel oil, diverse hydrocarbon oils and their blends including synthetic fuels, lubricating oils and the like
  • Fuel gases-(coal gas, natural gas and the like)


  • Boilers and steam generating plants


  • Steam engines and turbines
  • Internal combustion engines


  • Equipment for generation, transmission and distribution of electricity including transformers
  • Electrical motors
  • Electrical fans
  • Electrical lamps
  • Electrical furnaces
  • Electrical cables and wires
  • X-ray equipment
  • Electronic equipment
  • Household appliances such as electric irons, heaters and the like
  • Storage batteries
  • Dry cells


  • Telephones
  • Telegraph equipment
  • Wireless communication apparatus
  • Radio receivers, including amplifying and public address equipment
  • Television sets
  • Teleprinters


  • Aircraft
  • Ships and other vessels drawn by power
  • Railway locomotives
  • Railway rolling stock
  • Automobiles (motor cars, buses, trucks, motor cycles, scooters and the like)
  • Bicycles
  • Others such as fork lift trucks and the like


  • Textile machinery (such as spinning frames, carding machines powerlooms and the like) including textile accessories
  • Jute machinery
  • Rayon machinery
  • Sugar machinery
  • Tea machinery
  • Mining machinery
  • Metallurgical machinery
  • Cement machinery
  • Chemical machinery
  • Pharmaceuticals machinery
  • Paper machinery
  • Conveying equipment- bucket elevators, skip hoist, cranes, derrick and the like
  • Size separation units-screens, classifiers and the like.
  • Mixers and reactors-kneading mills, turbo mixers and the like
  • Filtration equipment-filter presses, rotary filters and the like
  • Centrifugal machines
  • Evaporators
  • Distillation equipment
  • Crystallisers
  • Driers
  • Power driven pumps-reciprocating, centrifugal and the like
  • Air and gas compressors and vacuum pipes (excluding electrical furnaces)
  • Refrigeration plants for industrial use
  • Fire fighting equipment and appliances including fire engines
  • Ball, roller and tapered bearings
  • Speed reduction units
  • Grinding wheels and abrasives.


  • Tractors, harvestors and the like
  • Agricultural implements


  • Bulldozers, dumpers, scrapers, loaders, shovels, drag lines, bucket wheel excavators, road rollers and the like


  • Plastic moulded goods
  • Hand tools, small tools and the like
  • Razor blades
  • Pressure Cookers
  • Cutlery
  • Steel furniture


  • Typewriters
  • Calculating machines
  • Air conditioners and refrigerators
  • Vacuum cleaners
  • Sewing and knitting machines
  • Hurricane lanterns


  • Surgical instruments- sterilisers, incubators and the like

Download Industries Act 1951 or Download Industries Development Bill, 2015

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