Audit Report Format – Unqualified Opinion
Audit Report Format – Unqualified Opinion
Audit report is a document prepared by a Chartered Accountant appointed by the Board of Directors of the Company after examining the accounts and operational records of a company. All Companies registered in India are required to appoint an Auditor within 30 days of incorporation. An Auditor thus appointed by the Directors or Shareholders of a Company would verify the accounts and financial position of the Company every year and certify that the accounts presented by the Company is in conformance with the Accounting Standards acceptable in India and CARO 2016. In addition to certifying that the accounts are in conformance with the accounting standards, the Auditor would also report on various important aspects of the company like internal control, failure to pay statutory dues, pending litigations, etc., The Audit Report certified by a Chartered Accountant must be filed by the Company along with its annual return. In this article, we look at audit report format for an unqualified opinion.
Types of Audit Report
Audit Report is categorised into four different types as under:
- Unqualified Opinion or Unmodified Opinion
- Qualified Opinion or Modified Opinion
- Adverse Opinion
- Disclaimer of Opinion
Know more about types of Audit Opinion.
Unqualified Audit Report Format
The following Audit Report format would be issued by the Auditor of the Company on his/her letterhead addressed to the members of the company.
Audit Report Format
TO THE MEMBERS OF XXX COMPANY LIMITED
Report on the Standalone Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying standalone financial statements of XXX COMPANY LIMITED (“the Company”), which comprise the Balance Sheet as at 31st March, 20XX, the Statement of Profit and Loss, the Cash Flow Statement for the year then ended, and a summary of the significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.
Management’s Responsibility for the Standalone Financial Statements
The Company’s Board of Directors is responsible for the matters stated in Section 134(5) of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the Act”) with respect to the preparation of these standalone financial statements that give a true and fair view of the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. This responsibility also includes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and design, implementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls, that were operating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records, relevant to the preparation and presentation of the financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these standalone financial statements based on our audit.
We have taken into account the provisions of the Act, the accounting and auditing standards and matters which are required to be included in the audit report under the provisions of the Act and the Rules made thereunder.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the Standards on Auditing specified under Section 143(10) of the Act. Those Standards require that we comply with ethical requirements and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free from material misstatement.
An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and the disclosures in the financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditor’s judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal financial control relevant to the Company’s preparation of the financial statements that give a true and fair view in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of the accounting policies used and the reasonableness of the accounting estimates made by the Company’s Directors, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements.
We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion on the standalone financial statements.
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the aforesaid standalone financial statements give the information required by the Act in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, of the state of affairs of the Company as at 31st March, 20XX, and its profit/loss and its cash flows for the year ended on that date.
Emphasis of Matters (Optional)
We draw attention to the following matters in the Notes to the financial statements:
- Note X to the financial statements which, describes the uncertainty related to the outcome of the lawsuit filed against the Company by XYZ Company.
- Note Y in the financial statements which indicates that the Company has accumulated losses and its net worth has been fully / substantially eroded, the Company has incurred a net loss/net cash loss during the current and previous year(s) and, the Company’s current liabilities exceeded its current assets as at the balance sheet date. These conditions, along with other matters set forth in Note Y, indicate the existence of a material uncertainty that may cast significant doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. However, the financial statements of the Company have been prepared on a going concern basis for the reasons stated in the said Note.
Our opinion is not modified in respect of these matters.
Other Matter (Optional)
Mention any other matter that is financially or operationally significant to the company, if required.
Our opinion is not modified in respect of this matter.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
As required by Section 143 (3) of the Act, we report that:
(a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit.
(b) In our opinion, proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Company so far as it appears from our examination of those books.
(c) The Balance Sheet, the Statement of Profit and Loss, and the Cash Flow Statement dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account.
(d) In our opinion, the aforesaid standalone financial statements comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.
(e) On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on 31st March, 20XX taken on record by the Board of Directors, none of the directors is disqualified as on 31st March, 20XX from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164 (2) of the Act.
(f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls over financial reporting of the Company and the operating effectiveness of such controls, refer to our separate Report in “Annexure A”.
(g) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor’s Report in accordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules, 2014, in our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us:
- If applicable, mention any pending litigations which would impact the financial position of the Company.
- If applicable, mention if the Company has any long-term contracts including derivative contracts for which there were any material foreseeable losses.
- If applicable, mention any delay in payment of statutory dues.
For ABC & Co
(Firm’s Registration No.)
(Membership No. XXXX)