The Companies (Amendment) Ordinance 2018
The Companies (Amendment) Ordinance 2018
The 2nd of November, 2018 marks the promulgation of the Companies (Amendment) Ordinance 2018 thereby amending the framework of the various provisions of the Companies Act. The Ordinance has been enacted based on consultations with a Government nominated Committee for the purpose of reviewing offences under the Companies Act of 2013. This article highlights the verdicts of the Ordinance.
Objective of the Ordinance
The Ordinance has been formulated in view of the following objectives:
- To facilitate the ease of doing business.
- To enhance the scope of corporate compliance.
Discounted Issue of Shares
Companies are generally prohibited from issuing shares at discounted rates, barring a few cases. Flouting of this regulation attracted a fine ranging between INR 1 lakh-5 lakh. Notwithstanding that, the defaulted officer was also at risk of being imprisoned.
The Companies (Amendment) Ordinance 2018 has now discarded the provisions for imprisonment of these officers, and will instead have a penal clause that is equivalent to the amount raised by the issue of shares at a discount or five lakh rupees, whichever is lower. Also, the company will be necessitated to refund the money received with interest at the rate of 12% per annum from the date of issue of the shares.
Commencement of Business
No company is entitled to commence its operations except on filing a declaration within 180 days of its incorporation stating that the subscribers to the Memorandum of the company has paid the value of shares so agreed by them, and files a verification of its registered office address with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) within 30 days of its incorporation. Non-compliance with this provision will result in the removal of the company’s name from the Registrar of Companies.
Know more about Commencement of Business Certificate.
Registration of Charges
The Companies Act obligated the companies to register charges on their property (like mortgages) within 30 days of the creation of charge. Delays up to 300 days were condoned, beyond which the company had to approach the Central Government for an extension.
These provisions are modified under the Ordinance, the list of which has been specified herewith:
- Charges created before the Ordinance can be registered within 300 days.
- Charges created after the Ordinance must be registered within 60 days.
- Charges not registered for the former must be completed within six months from the date of the Ordinance.
- Charges not registered for the latter must be done so within 60 days of the date of Ordinance.
- Willful furnishing of false or incorrect information or withholding of material information will be considered as fraud under the Act.
Previously, the Companies Act authorised the National Company Law Tribunal to approve the change in the period of the financial year for a company associated with a foreign entity. Likewise, the Tribunal was entitled to endorse the modification of the incorporation document of a public company. These powers are now entirely vested with the Central Government.
The provisions of the Companies Act mandates people who are holding a beneficial interest of at least 25% shares in a company or exercises substantial influence or control over the company to make a declaration of interest. The Act also had a penal clause, which ranged between Rs.1 lakh and Rs. 10 lakh, in addition to a continuing fine for every day of default.
The Ordinance has now introduced a case for imprisonment, which effectively suggests that the people in default of this provision may be fined and/or imprisoned.
Annulment of Provision
The Companies Act previously didn’t entitle independent directors to stock options. Further, it stated that he/she may receive sitting fees, commission, and reimbursement of expenses. The Ordinance has now annulled this provision.
Consequences of Directorial Negligence
The Companies Act provides that a person can only be a director for 20 companies. The Ordinance has brought forth a ground for disqualification if the regulation isn’t complied with.
Opportunity for Course Correction
The Officers appointed by the Central Government, whose adjudication responsibilities were restricted to the imposition of penalties, are here on entitled to permit the defaulting entities to rectify their defaults.
Compounding of Offences
The regional director may now compound the offences for defaults for up to Rs. 25 lakhs, against the previous limit of Rs. 5 lakhs.
The ordinance has introduced provisions, according to which a penalty that is twice the actual penal amount is imposed on entities if a particular offence is repeated within a span of three years.