Section 193 of Income Tax Act
Section 193 of Income Tax
Section 193 of the Income Tax Act mandates the withholding of tax at source on the interest earned from securities. In this article, we provide a brief description of Section 193 of the Income Tax Act.
Taxes under this provision are deducted in the event of a payment or credit to the account of a resident taxpayer.
Rate of Deduction
The stipulations of this section mandates the deductor to deduct tax at the rate of 10% from the sum of interest. On the other hand, payees who fail to furnish their Permanent Account Number (PAN) would incur tax deductions at the higher of the following rates:
- Higher than the rate specified in the relevant provision of the Income-tax Act.
- Higher than the rates prevalent (based on the stipulations of the most recent Finance Act).
- At the rate of 20%.
Due Date of Tax Credit
Taxpayers, who are entrusted with the obligation of deducting tax at source must deposit the sum so deducted to the credit of the Central Government. While tax deducted for the months of April to February must be deposited within seven days from the end of the month in which tax is deducted, deductions for the month of March must be deposited within the 30th of April.
Penalty for Delayed Remittance
Given a scenario where the tax deductor defaults in remitting the amount so deducted (in part or full), he/she would be levied with the following rates of simple interest:
- Delayed deduction will incur interest of 1% for every month of delay or its part thereof.
- Delayed remittance of the deducted amount will incur an interest of 1.5% for every month of delay or its part thereof.
Exemptions u/s 193
The following are exempted from TDS:
- A National Defence Bond held by a resident, the rate of interest for which is 4.25%.
- National Defence Loans availed during the period of 1968 or 1972, which is charged at an interest rate of 4.25%.
- Interest payable on National Defence Loan.
- Interest payable on 7-year National Savings Certificate.
- Interest payable on debentures issued by a company wherein the public is substantially interested, provided that the sum of interest is confined to Rs 5000; and the company deposits the interest courtesy an account payee cheque (applicable for resident individual, resident or HUF).
- Overdue interest on any security of the Central Government or State Government provided that the interest is not above Rs. 10,000 for a financial year (will not be applicable for 8% Savings (Taxable) Bonds, 2003).
- Interest payable on certain notified debentures issued by any institution/authority, public sector company or any co-operative society.
- Interest payable to certain companies established under the General Insurance Business Act or any other insurer.
- Interest payable on dematerialized security issued by a company provided that the security is listed on a recognized stock exchange as per the regulations of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956.
- Interest payable on 6.5% gold bonds, 1977 or 7% gold bonds, 1980 held by a resident individual if the total nominal value of such bonds is limited to a sum of Rs. 10,000 during the period to which the interest relates.
- Payee, who is not a company or a firm, has issued Form no 15G/15H.
- Payee is in custody of a certificate that permits no deduction or less deduction of tax.
Certificate for Nil/Less Deduction
The certificate permitting the assessee to claim nil/low deduction can be obtained from the Assessing Officer by filing an application in Form No.13.
Deductors of tax are required to issue TDS certificate to the deductee in Form 16A for tax deducted at source other than salary. The certificate must be dispersed on a quarterly basis. The following are the specified dates of deduction:
- TDS for the months of April-June – 15th August
- TDS for the months of July-September – 15th November
- TDS for the months of October-December – 15th February
- TDS for the months of January-March – 15th June
The government considers it mandatory for the deductors of tax to specify the details of TDS payments made to the government in the form of a return. TDS returns must be filed on a quarterly basis.
Expenses not Deducted for Non-TDS
Any expense for which tax is deducted during a given year and deposited within the due date of filing returns is deductible in the year in which the expenditure is incurred. Payments disallowed by this provision would be allowed as deduction while computing the income of the year in which the deducted tax was remitted to the government.