GST Valuation of Supplies
GST Valuation of Supplies
Goods and Service Tax (GST) applies to the value of the supply of goods and services provided to the customer by the supplier. GST is charged on the taxable value of supply at each stage of supply and input tax credit is provided for B2B purchases to avoid the cascading effect of the tax. In this article, we look at the valuation of supplies under GST in detail.
GST Valuation Rules for Valuation of Supplies
For valuation of goods and supplies, there are two major rules specified under GST as follows:
- General Valuation Rules
- Special Valuation Rules
General Valuation Rules for Valuation of Supplies
General valuation rules are applicable when the supply of goods or services will be made for payment completely in money or cash. In such transactions, consideration or payment will be equivalent to the value of supply.
Consideration = Value of Supply + GST
For example, if a product is sold for Rs.18000 and it attracts 18% GST, then the consideration would be Rs.1,18,000, the value of supply would be Rs.1,00,000 and GST would be Rs.18,000.
Special Valuation Rules
Special valuation rules shall apply when the consideration received seldom involves money or not fully received in money. In such cases, the value of supply shall act as the fair value of the consideration provided less GST applicable.
Consideration = Fair market value of consideration provided – GST applicable
For example, if a supplier sells the product for Rs.1,00,000 and it attracts 18% GST rate if the buyer provides a parcel of land with a fair market value of Rs.1,00,000, then the seller should mandatorily remit the GST as if the consideration provided included GST. Hence, in this case, the buyer should remit the GST of Rs.15254.24 and the value of supply shall reflect Rs.84745.76.
Value of Supply = Fair Value of Consideration Received / (1 + GST Rate Applicable)
Value of Supply = 1,00,000 / (1.18) = 84745.76
When Part of the Consideration is Received in Money
In a transaction wherein part of the consideration the concerned individual receives in money, the total consideration of the sum of money received and the fair market value of the consideration received.
Meaning of Consideration
While calculating the value of supply, consideration received shall act as an important element. Under GST, anything obtained on the reciprocal basis for the supply of goods or services or jointly can be defined as consideration. Hence, consideration can be money, payment through credit card, payment in kind, bank transfer, cheque, demand draft or any other type of transfer of value.
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