GST-on-Advance-Payments

GST on Advance Payments

GST on Advance Payments

GST on advance payments applies when an individual makes a payment ahead for the said goods and service and before receiving the receipt of goods or service. The individual usually makes an advance payment when the supplier requires an advance payment as a safeguard against non-payments, to cover the costs for supplying a product or rendering of a service. Usually, Goods and Services Tax (GST) is imposed on a supplier at the time of receipt of payment with respect to the supply of goods and services. However, in some transactions, an advance is first paid by the recipient of the goods or service to the supplier. In this article, we look at the applicability of GST on advance payments.

Receipt of Advance Payment

Time of supply determines the date of payment of tax. In general, the time of supply refers to the period in which the supplier receives the payment on delivery of goods, maybe before the issuance of GST invoice.

In some cases, a supplier would receive an advance payment from supplying the goods in future. Under this kind of a circumstance, GST has to be paid at the time of receipt of the advance payment irrespective of the fact whether the supply is made or not.

Click here to read on GST on Free of Cost Supplies

Exemption of GST on Advance Payment Received

As per the GST notification on 15th December 2017, suppliers of goods who have not opted for Composition Scheme are exempted from payment of GST on receipt of the advance payment. However, the supplier of services should pay GST at the time of receipt of the advance payment.

GST Receipt Voucher

In case of regular payment, a GST tax invoice is issued. However, in case of an advance payment, the suppliers can issue a receipt voucher as a proof of received payment. The voucher should include the following particulars:

  • Name, address, date of issuance of the voucher, amount of the advance received, description of goods or services, rate of tax, amount of tax charged in respect of taxable goods or services, place of supply along with the name of the state and its code.
  • A consecutive serial number not exceeding 16 characters, in one or multiple series, containing alphanumeric or special characters or a combination thereof, unique for a financial year.
  • GST Identification number of the supplier or Unique Identity Number of the recipient;
  • Payability of tax on reverse charge basis and signature of the supplier or his authorized representative.

GST Refund Voucher

If no supply is made and no tax invoice is issued after the receipt of the advance payment, a refund voucher can be issued to the person who paid the advance. The refund voucher should include the following particulars:

  • Name, address, date of issuance of the voucher, amount of the advance received, description of goods or services, rate of tax, amount of tax paid in respect of taxable goods or services, number & date of receipt voucher issued.
  • A consecutive serial number not exceeding 16 characters, in one or multiple series, which consists of alphanumeric or special characters or a combination thereof, unique for a financial year.
  • GST Identification number of the supplier or Unique Identity Number of the recipient.
  • Payability of tax on reverse charge basis and signature of the supplier or his authorized representative.

To file your GST returns, visit IndiaFilings.com

Post by Revathi

IndiaFilings is India's largest online compliance services platform dedicated to helping people start and grow their business, at an affordable cost. We were started in 2014 with the mission of making it easier for Entrepreneurs to start their business. We have since helped start and operate tens of thousands of businesses by offering a range of business services. Our aim is to help the entrepreneur on the legal and regulatory requirements, and be a partner throughout the business lifecycle, offering support at every stage to ensure the business remains compliant and continually growing.