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Digital India Land Record Modernization Programme

Digital India Land Record Modernization Programme

Digital India Land Record Modernization Programme

The Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP) has resulted from the merger of two Centrally Sponsored Schemes, namely Computerization of Land Records (CLR), and Strengthening of Revenue Administration and Updating of Land Records (SPA&ULR). This article covers the initiative in detail.


DILRMP aims to modernize the management of land records, minimize instances of land/property disputes, enhance transparency in the land records maintenance system, and facilitate moving towards guaranteed conclusive titles to immovable properties in the country. The initiative also envisages the creation of a modern, comprehensive and transparent land record management system in the country for the implementation of a conclusive land-titling system with title guarantee, based on the following basic principles:

  1. A single window for handling land records, which includes the maintenance and updating of textual records, maps, survey and settlement operations and registration of immovable property.
  2. The mirrorII principle, which indicates that cadastral records mirror the ground reality.
  3. The curtainII principle, which conveys that the record of title reflects the status of ownership.
  4. Title insurance, which guarantees the title for its accuracy and indemnifies the title holder against losses that may occur on account of any defects.

Cadastral – a map/survey which indicates the extent, value, and ownership of land, specifically for taxation.


The initiative is classed into the following major components:

  • Computerization of land records, including mutation, digitization of maps and integration of textual and spatial data, survey or re-survey and updating all survey and settlement records, computerization of registration and its integration with the land records maintenance system, development of core Geospatial Information System (GIS) and capacity building.
  • Survey/re-survey.
  • Computerization of Registration.


The respective State Government/UT Administrations would undertake the implementation of the programme with the financial and technical aid of the Department of Land Resources, Government of India. The unit of implementation will be the districts where all activities under the programme will converge.

What Does it Offer?

  • Provision of access to real-time land-ownership records.
  • Provision of free access to records without affecting the confidentiality of information, as the records will be placed on the website with proper security IDs.
  • Reduction of interface between the citizen and Government functionaries, which reduces rent-seeking and harassment.
  • Reduction of citizen interface with Government machinery, thanks to the Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode of service delivery.
  • Reduction of interface with the Registration machinery, thanks to the abolition of stamp papers, payment of stamp duty, registration fees through banks, etc.
  • Reduction in the time for obtaining RoRs, considering the use of IT inter-linkages.
  • Saving the time and effort of citizens while obtaining RoRs, etc., thanks to the single-window service or the web-enabled “anytime-anywhere” access.
  • Reduction in the scope of fraudulent property deals through automatic and automated mutations.
  • Reduction of litigation due to conclusive titling.
  • Tamper-proof records.
  • Facilitation of e-linkages to credit facilities.
  • Availability of market value information on the website.
  • Availability of certificates based on land data.
  • Provision of information on eligibility for Government programs.
  • Facilitation of passbook insurance with relevant information.