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Secretarial Audit


Secretarial Audit

A secretarial audit is an audit conducted by a practising Company Secretary. The purpose of a secretarial audit is to enable the company secretary to form an opinion concerning the degree of corporate law compliance which the company is maintaining. The company secretary carries out verification issues a report for various compliance requirements under the Companies Act. The specified companies are required to have secretarial audit each year as a part of the compliance requirement under the Companies Act, 2013. The Government of India observed that several corporate entities are making default in compliance with the rules and regulations governing companies as per the Act. Hence, to bring such cases to the notice of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), the GoI has incorporated the requirement for such an audit under the Companies Act, 2013.


As per Companies Act, 2013, the following types of companies are required to have a secretarial audit. The companies which are governed by the need to undergo such an audit should annexe with the Board’s report, the audit report given by a practising Company Secretary:

  • All listed companies
  • A public limited company having a paid-up share capital of Rs.50 crore rupees or more
  • A public limited company having a turnover of Rs.250 crore or more

Secretarial Audit

In a secretarial audit, the Company Secretary would verify various statutory registers, forms and other relevant records and documents maintained by the company for the current period and previous period, as per professional judgement. The Company Secretary has the powers to call for any records or forms or returns to check proof of filing and receipts obtained from relevant Registrars and other authorities. It is the duty of the board of directors of the company to provide full support to the company secretary who carries out the audit.


The Institute of Company Secretaries of India has issued guidance for the procedure using which the audit should be performed under the Companies Act, 2013. As per the guidance, compliance with respect to the following major legislations fall under the scope of the audit:

  • Companies Act
  • Securities Contracts Act
  • Depositories Act
  • Foreign Exchange Management Act
  • Securities and Exchanges Board of India Act

In addition to the above, the Company Secretary would also verify compliance of the Company with respect to other laws as may be applicable specifically to the company.

Important Areas of Coverage:

  • increase in authorised, issued and paid-up share capital;
  • appointment and cessation of office of directors;
  • appointment of Key Managerial Personnel;
  • information filed with the ROC for change in promoters and shareholders;
  • issuance of share certificates;
  • loans, guarantee or security provided to Directors and other related parties;
  • acceptance of deposits, if any;
  • registration and modification of charges, if any;
  • remittance of security deposits collected from employees;
  • payment of dividends;
  • review of board meetings conducted;
  • review of the statutory register maintained by the company;
  • compliance with FEMA regulations