Sarfaesi-Act-NBFCs-as-Financial-Institutions

Sarfaesi Act – NBFCs Specified as Financial Institutions

Sarfaesi Act – NBFCs Specified as Financial Institutions

The Central Government has released a notification dated 24th February 2020, specifying certain Nonbanking financial companies (NBFCs) as Financial Institutions under the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, 2002. The notification specifies that Nonbanking Financial companies as defined under RBI Act 1934, that have assets more than or equal to 100 crores, will be treated as Financial Institutions under SARFAESI Act and be entitled to enforce a security interest in secured debts that are of Rs.50 Lakhs or more.

The notification can be accessed below:

NBFC-Notification

Nonbanking Financial Companies

The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 defines nonbanking financial companies in section 45-I clause (f) as:

  1. A financial institution registered as a company
  2. A non-banking institution registered as a company and whose primary business is to receive deposits under schemes or lending of money in any way
  3. Other non-banking institution, as approved by the Central Government

Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act

The main objective of this act was to ensure Banks and Financial Institutions can recover defaulting loans which are non-performing assets without lengthy procedures in courts.

The SARFAESI Act assists in recovery of non-performing assets in three ways:

  1. Securitisation: Acquire financial assets by agreement or issue of bonds or debentures
  2. Reconstruction of Financial Assets: Debt restructuring, asset management etc
  3. Enforcement of Security Interest: Right to enforce security interest by the bank or financial institution, with no intervention from the court

Impact of notification on Non-banking Financial Companies

With the new notification, Non-banking Financial Companies with assets worth Rs.100 crores and above will also be considered as Financial Institutions under the SARFAESI Act. Therefore, such nonbanking financial companies can now have rights to recover their loans from debtors for secured debts equal to or more than Rs. 50 Lakhs, and be entitled to enforce security interest.

The security interest, in this case, is defined as a right granted by a debtor to a Financial Institution or bank over collateral because of which the creditor can have rights to the collateral if the debtor defaults in making payment for a loan.

Non-banking financial companies can now get rights to the collateral pledged by the debtors, for secure loans where the debtors are not able to repay the loan. This reduces the market risk faced by such non-banking financial companies and gives a big boost to help cut losses for non-banking financial companies and facilitate recovery of defaulting loans without the delay involved if the case is taken to the courts.

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Post by Arnold Thomas

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