Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
PMKVY – Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is a scheme which was introduced to train youths in under-taking jobs that enable them to have a better means of living. PMKVY is being implemented by the new Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). The training and assessment fee for the applicants is paid by the government. The Government has allocated Rs. 12,000 crores and the scheme strives to nurture 10 million budding individuals during the period of 2016-2020.
PMKVY Scheme Eligibility
Students of two categories are eligible to apply for this scheme. They are:
- The students who are interested to work in an industry based field
- The students who have completed +2, and dropouts
In addition, the applicant should have three documents to enroll in this scheme, as follows:
- Applicant’s base card.
- Two passport size photographs.
- Aadhaar card of any family member.
PMKVY Application Procedure
In order to register in this scheme, one has to do the following.
Step 1: Look for a center
The first step in registration is to look for a training center. The registration in a training center can be easily done through the official website http://www.pmkvyofficial.org/
Step 2: Filling in the portal
After registering in a training center, the applicant has to enter all the details in the portal.
Step 3: Arranging Skill Developing Training
Once the details are entered, the training partner obtains the applicant’s information from the database and training will be arranged accordingly.
Step 4: Certification to the candidate
The candidates after successfully training will be awarded as per the norms of PMKVY scheme.
Assistance under PMKVY
There are six components for this scheme as follows:
- Short-Term Training
- Recognition of Prior Learning
- Special Projects
- Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
- Placement Guidelines
- Monitoring Guidelines
The Short-Term Training was introduced exclusively for the school/college dropouts and for the unemployed. For this, there are many training centers set up across the nation which provides training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) along with training the students in Soft Skills, Entrepreneurship, Financial and Digital Literacy. For a training period between 150 and 300 hours, the candidates will be provided with placement assistance by Training Partners (TPs). The short-term training component of the Scheme shall be NSQF Level 5 and below. The fee will be paid by the government.
Recognition of Prior Learning
Recognition of Prior Learning is allocated for the candidates who have prior experience or skills in learning. Agencies like Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), Sector Skill Councils (SSCS) and other agencies assigned by MSDE/NSDC, motivates to execute RPL projects in any forms like RPL Camps, RPL at Employers Premises and RPL centers. PIAs also offer Bridge Courses to RPL candidates in order to fill the knowledge gaps.
Special Projects are components that need some variation from the terms and conditions of Short-Term Training under PMKVY for any stakeholder. This scheme envisions programs that facilitate training in special areas of Government bodies and Corporates or Industry bodies. In addition, this also provides training in job roles that are not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs) or National Occupational Standards (NOSs). Training is provided by Government Institutions of Central and State Government(s)/Autonomous Body/Statutory Body or any other equivalent body or corporates.
Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
Social and community mobilization is very important for the success of PMKVY through which it reaches many people. The training partners conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas for every six months along with press and media coverage. This enables transparency and liability of the community that helps the scheme to work in a better way.
PMKVY notices the aptitude, aspiration, and knowledge of the candidates and according to that, the scheme provides employment openings and demands in the market. Therefore, TPs have to provide opportunities to the candidates and also provide assistance in entrepreneurship development.
These guidelines make sure that quality standards are maintained by PMKVY TCs and NSDC. Various systems like self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, and monitoring through the Skills Development ManagementSystem (SDMS) are used by the Inspection Agencies to monitor the scheme.
Under this scheme, if a candidate is well-trained then jobs are provided through the various Skill Development Councils below:
- Agriculture Sector Skill Council of India
- Apparel, Made-ups & Home Furnishing Sector Skill Council
- Automotive Skill Development Council
- Beauty & Wellness Sector Skill Council
- BFSI Sector Skill Council of India
- Capital Goods Skill Council
- Construction Skill Development Council of India
- Domestic Workers Sector Skill Council
- Electronics Sector Skill Council
- Food Industry Capacity and Skill Initiative (FICSI)
- Furniture & Fittings Skill Council
- Gem and Jewellery Skill Council Of India
- Handicrafts and Carpet Sector Skill Council
- Healthcare Sector Skill Council
- Indian Iron and Steel Sector Skill Council
- Indian Plumbing Skill Council
- Infrastructure Equipment Skill Council
- IT/ITeS Sector Skill Council
- Leather Sector Skill Council
- Life Sciences Sector Skill Development Council
- Logistics Sector Skill Council
- Media and Entertainment Skill Council
- Mining Sector Skill Council of India
- Power Sector Skill Council
- Retailers Association’s Skill Council of India
- Rubber Skill Development Council
- Security Sector Skill Development Council
- Skill Council For Green Jobs
- Skill Council For Persons with Disability
- Sports Sector Skill Council
- Telecom Sector Skill Council
- Textile Sector Skill Council (TSC)
- Tourism & Hospitality Sector Skill Council
The implementation of the scheme is as follows.
- The scheme is implemented through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
- For training purposes, training providers affiliated with the Central or State Government is used.
- The training providers have to register on the SMART portal before participating in this scheme.
- The candidates would be trained in soft skills, personal grooming, behavioral change for cleanliness and good work ethics.
- The Sector Skill Councils and the State Government monitors the skill training.