New provision relating to restricted input tax credit

New provision relating to Restricted Input Tax Credit

Home » Learn » GST » New provision relating to Restricted Input Tax Credit

New Provision Relating to Restricted Input Tax Credit

Seamless flow of ‘Input Tax Credit’ is the main aim behind the implementation of Goods and Services Tax (GST). However, since its inception i.e. 1st July 2017, GST officials have come across various cases relating to fraudulent availment of the input tax credit.

Various stringent steps are already taken by the Government to curb the fraudulent availment of the input tax credit. Notably many of such steps are also introduced vide the Finance Act, 2022.

One such step, as introduced vide the Finance Act, 2022, is substituted provisions of section 38 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017. The substituted provision deals with the circumstances when the input tax credit availment will be restricted.

The present article provides an understanding of the new provision relating to restricted input tax credit; specifies circumstances attracting restricted input tax credit and explains the corresponding effect on the conditions for availing input tax credit.

Understanding the new provision relating to a restricted input tax credit –

Vide clause 104 of the Finance Act, 2022, the provisions of section 38 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 are entirely substituted. Let us see what the new provisions say.

Sub-section (1) to section 38 simply states that the recipient of goods or services or both will electronically be provided with Form GSTR-2B covering details of –

  • Outward supplies as furnished by the supplier via Form GSTR-1; and
  • An auto-populated statement summarizing details of an input tax credit.

Sub-section (2) to section 38 states that auto-populated stated in Form GSTR-2B will consist of two parts which are –

  1. Part 1 – deals with the details of inward supplies of goods or services or both in respect of which input tax credit is available to the recipient; and
  2. Part 2 – deals with the details of inward supplies of goods or services or both in respect of which input tax credit is restricted/ not available to the recipient.

Notably, clause (b) to sub-section (2) of section 38 covers six situations on the basis of which the input tax credit of the recipient can be restricted. The same is explained hereunder.

Further, it is important to note here that, the Finance Act, 2022 has got presidential assent on 30th March 2022. However, provisions of clause 104 (substituting provisions of section 38) will be effective from the date yet to be notified.

Circumstances attracting restricted input tax credit –

Following are the six circumstances, as stated under clause (b) to sub-section (2) of section 38, on the basis of which input tax credit will be restricted in the hands of the recipient –

  1. The supplier of goods or services or both has obtained GST registration within the prescribed period;
  2. The supplier of goods or services or both has defaulted in payment of tax for the continuous prescribed period;
  3. The supplier of goods or services or both has availed excess input tax credit by such limit as may be prescribed;
  4. The supplier of goods or services or both has more output tax payable as furnished via Form GSTR-1 as against output tax paid via Form GSTR-3B by such limit as may be prescribed;
  5. The supplier of goods or services or both is covered within the prescribed class of person; and
  6. The supplier of goods or services or both has defaulted in discharging his tax liability, as per provisions of section 49(12), subject to prescribed conditions and restrictions.

Notably, the prescribed period/ prescribed time limit/ prescribed limit, as stated above is not prescribed by the Government.

Surprisingly, going through all the above six circumstances, one can come to know that the input tax credit in the hands of the recipient is restricted on account of the default/ failure committed by the supplier. Thus, in nut-shell, the supplier has to be tax compliant in order to enable the recipient to avail of the input tax credit.

Corresponding effect of the same on conditions for availing input tax credit –

As we know, the recipient of goods or services or both needs to satisfy all the conditions prescribed under section 16(2) of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 in order to avail of the input tax credit.

In order to give the corresponding effect of substituted provisions of section 38, a new input tax credit condition is inserted vide clause 100 of the Finance Act, 2022. Accordingly, clause (ba) is inserted to section 16(2) which states that input tax credit is available to the recipient only if the same is not restricted under section 38.

Other Related Guides

Guidelines for TDS on Perquisites under section 19... Guidelines for TDS on Perquisites under Section 194R CBDT vide Circular No. 12/2022 dated 16.06.2022 issued detailed guidelines for removing difficul...
CBDT amends Compliance Check Functionality for Sec... CBDT amends Compliance Check Functionality for Section 206AB & 206CCA The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) amends Compliance Check Functional...
New input tax credit availment condition imposed v... New input tax credit availment condition imposed vide Finance Act, 2022 The registered taxable person, in order to avail of the input tax credit, nee...
Mandatory reconciliation of Form GSTR-3B and Form ... Mandatory Reconciliation of Form GSTR-3B and Form GSTR-2B Under GST, the introduction of both auto-generated statements in Form GSTR-2A and thereafte...
GST Input Tax Credit FAQs GST Input Tax Credit FAQs IndiaFilings has helped thousands of business file their GST returns since the rollout of GST. In this article, we have com...

Post by poonamgandhi

CA Poonam Gandhi is a Chartered Accountant and a Lawyer. With a wide practice experience and deep understanding of different laws and taxes, she has been an independent professional writer in the field of taxation, finance and laws.