GSTN – Role and Functions
GSTN – Role and Functions
The launch of GST in India is a landmark event which intends to change the entire taxation system in the country. However, the launch of this system requires mega infrastructural support including IT facilities, administrative backup and institutional setup. Hence the government launched the GSTN.
GSTN stands for Goods and Services Tax Network. It is a not for profit section 8 company, established primarily to assist the rollout and implementation of GST and to act as the nodal agency to provide assistance in terms of IT infrastructure and services to the Central, State Governments, tax payers and general public. In essence, it will act as a common interface between the government, tax payers, accounting authorities and bank.
Management and Shareholding
The administrative and strategic control of the GSTN will lie with the government as the central and the state governments together have seven members in the 14-member GSTN board. Three members will be private shareholders. The rest will be independent members; The CEO will be responsible for its overall functioning and he/she will be appointed by the board.
The majority stake in the GSTN (24.5%) will be held by the central government whereas all state governments together will hold another 24.5% of the stake. Private financial institutions like ICICI, HDFC etc. will collectively hold rest of the 51% of the stake in the company.
Functions of GSTN
- Facilitate registration
- Computation of IGST and settlement
- File tax returns and submit to central and state authorities
- Integrate banking network with tax payment details
- Analyse tax payer’s profile
- Manage computation engine of input tax credit
- Submit MIS reports to governments
GSTN is expected to assist in the 4 phases mentioned below:
- Phase 1– GST Registration/ Returns/ Payments
- Phase 2 – Review of Pilot & Project development of NSDL
- Phase 3 – GST planning and implementation
- Phase 4 – GST solution development
The primary role of GSTN as a back office infrastructural support system is to provide a strong IT infrastructure to the state and central governments, stakeholders, taxpayers etc. for the execution of GST. Integration of the new portal with the existing IT systems is of primary importance.
A common GST portal is being developed by the GSTN for applications for registrations, payment of taxes, MIS reports, settlement of dues etc. Currently, the state and central tax administration systems are working as separate modules, hence it is imperative that they are integrated to ensure seamless functioning. The common GST portal will be integrated with the existing administration systems and help build interfaces for taxpayers. This common portal will function as the front-end of the overall GST IT system.
Back end modules like registration approval, assessment, audit, refund, appeal, adjudication etc. for 19 states (Model 2 states) will be developed by GSTN. The Central Board of Excise and Customs and State Tax Departments of 15 states (Model 1 states) will develop their own GST back end systems. The integration of the front and back end systems will be completed and tested well in advance to ensure smooth transition
Know more about the process for becoming a GST Suvidha Provider and accessing the GSTN.
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