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GST Demand Notice

GST Demand Notice

GST Demand Notice

The Goods & Service Tax (GST) is payable on self-assessment basis i.e. assessee himself has to determine it’s tax lability. If the determination of assessee goes wrong i.e. assessee has short paid any taxes or not paid any taxes or has wrong availed and utilized
any input tax credit or has erroneously been refunded, than, under such circumstances demand would be raised by the GST officials. In this article, we look at GST demand notice and cases wherein demand would be raised, interest and penalty payable on such demand etc.

Types of Demand under GST

The GST demand notice can be issued by the GST officials for short payment or non-payment of GST in following two different situations:

  1. When there is no reason of fraud or wilful misstatement or suppression of facts
  2. When there is reason of fraud or wilful misstatement or suppression of facts

Section 73 of GST Act – No Fraud or Misrepresentation

When there is no reason of fraud or wilful misstatement or suppression of facts, demand notice is issued under Section 73 of the GST Act.

Section 73 of the CGST Act, deals with the cases where any taxes has not been paid or short paid or erroneously refunded, or where input tax credit has been wrongly availed or utilised for any reason, other than the reason of fraud or any wilful misstatement or suppression of facts to evade tax.

Time Limit for Issue of Notice and Adjudication under Section 73

If there is any non-payment, short payment, or where input credit has been wrongly availed or utilized for any reason other than fraud or willful misstatement or suppression of facts, than, the adjudication of the case should be done within 3 years from the date of filing of annual GST return for the relevant financial year.

If the assessee received an erroneous refund, the case must be adjudicated within 3 years from the date on which such refund was credited to the assessee’s account.

The officer should issue notice for recovery of tax at least 3 months prior to the limit of adjudication or issue of order.

The officer should issue order of adjudication within 3 years from the due date for furnishing of annual return for the financial year for the relevant period of dispute

Once the above notice has been issued within the time limit, the proper officer can serve a statement, with details of any unpaid tax/wrong refund etc. for other periods not covered in the notice. A separate notice does not have to be issued for each tax period.

Finally, an assessee can voluntarily pay taxes along with interest before issue of notice / statement and inform the departmental officer about the same in writing. The departmental officer, if satisfied, will not issue notice in that respect.

Payment of Tax on Receiving GST Demand Notice

If a demand notice is issued under Section 73 and the taxpayer makes payment, the following would be the penalty under Section 73 of the GST Act:

Penalty under Section 73 of the GST Act

Payment of PenaltyAmount of Penalty
Dues paid before issuance of show cause
notice.
No penalty
Dues paid within 30 days of issuance of
show cause notice.
No penalty
Dues paid after 30 days of issuance of
Order.
10% of tax dues or INR 10,000
Whichever is higher.
Any other case10% of tax dues or INR 10,000
Whichever is higher.

Section 74 of GST Act  – Fraud or Misrepresentation

When there is reason of fraud or wilful misstatement or suppression of facts, GST demand notice is issued under Section 74 of the GST Act.

Section 74 of the CGST Act, deals with the cases where any tax has not been paid or short paid or erroneously refunded, or where input tax credit has been wrongly  availed or utilised by reason of fraud or any wilful misstatement or suppression of
facts to evade tax.

Time Limit for Issue of Notice and Adjudication under Section 74

If there is any non-payment, short payment, or where input credit has been wrongly availed or utilized with the reason of fraud or willful misstatement or suppression of facts, than, the adjudication of the case should be done within 5 years from
the date of filing of annual return for the relevant financial year.

If the assessee received an erroneous refund, the case must be adjudicated within 5 years from the date on which such refund was credited to the assessee’s account.

The officer should issue notice for recovery of Tax at least 6 months before the deadline for adjudication of case or issue of order.

The officer should issue order of adjudication within 5 years from the due date for furnishing of annual return for the financial year for the relevant period of dispute.

Please note that, once the notice has been issued, the proper officer can serve a statement, with details of any unpaid tax/wrong refund etc. for other periods not covered in the notice. A separate notice does not have to be issued for each tax period.
Taxes paid before issue of show cause notice/

Finally, an assessee can voluntarily pay taxes along with interest and 15% penalty before issue of notice/statement and inform the departmental officer about the same in writing. The departmental officer, if satisfied, will not issue notice in that respect.

Penalty under Section 74 of GST Act

Payment of PenaltyAmount of Penalty
Dues paid before issuance of show cause
notice.
15% of tax amount due
Dues paid within 30 days of issuance of
show cause notice.
25% of tax amount due
Dues paid after 30 days of issuance of
Order.
50% of tax amount due
Any other case.100% of tax amount due

Section 75 of GST Act

Section 75 of the CGST Act, deals with the general provisions relating to determination of tax and demand under GST. The following are some of the important provisions under Section 75 of GST Act.

Stay of Notice

If the service of notice or issuance of order is stayed by an order of Court or Appellate Tribunal, the period of stay will be excluded in computing the period 3 years or 5 years  – the time limit for issue of notice or adjudication.

No Fraud or Wilful Misrepresentation

If any Appellate Authority or Appellate Tribunal or Court concludes that the notice issued under Section 74 is not sustainable for the reason that the charges of fraud or willful misstatement or suppression of facts to evade tax has not been established, the officer shall determine the tax payable deeming as if the notice were issued under Section 73.

Time Limit for Passing Order

Where any order is required to be issued in pursuance of the direction of the Appellate Authority or Appellate Tribunal or a court, such order should be issued within 2 years from the date of communication of the said direction.

Opportunity for Being Heard

An opportunity of hearing should be granted where a request is received in writing from the person chargeable with tax or penalty, or where any adverse decision is proposed against such person.

Maximum Adjournments Allowed

The officer can, if sufficient cause is shown by the person chargeable with tax, adjourn the hearing for reasons to be recorded in writing. Adjournment will be allowed for maximum of 3 times.

Passing Order

The officer, in his order, should set out the relevant facts and the basis of his decision.

Limitations

The amount of tax, interest and penalty demanded in the order should not be in excess of the amount specified in the notice and no demand can be confirmed on the grounds other than the grounds specified in the notice.

Further, where any penalty is imposed u/s 73 or section 74, no penalty for the same act or omission can be imposed on the same person under any other provision of this Act.

Finally, if the order is not issued with 3 years or 5 years as provided u/s 73 and 74, respectively, then it shall be deemed that the adjudication proceedings are completed and no order can be issued afterwards.

Applicability of Interest

The interest on the tax short paid or not paid should be payable whether or not specified in the order determining the tax liability.

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