GST Input Tax Credit
GST Input Tax Credit
GST Input Tax Credit mechanism helps in avoiding double taxation and the cascading effect of taxes. The purpose of this article is to explore its applicability in the various facets of the Goods and Services Tax.
Pre-Requisites to Claim Input Tax Credit
A registered person must fulfil the following criteria to claim input tax credit:
- The registered person must possess a copy of the GST invoice, or debit note which was issued by the supplier, or some other documents as prescribed.
- The registered person must have received the goods or services for which Input Tax Credit is being claimed.
- The tax charged with respect to such supplies has been actually paid to the Government, either in cash or through utilization of Input Tax Credit admissible in respect of the supply made.
- The registered person should have filed the GST returns.
GST Registration Required to Claim Input Tax Credit
GST Input Tax Credit can be claimed only be persons having GST registration. However, those obtaining GST registration for the first time can claim input tax credit as follows:
- A person applying for new registration within 30 days of becoming liable for registration can claim Input Tax Credit for taxes paid for inputs held in stock, as well as inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock as on the date when he/she became liable to be taxed.
- A person applying voluntarily for new registration can claim Input Tax Credit on inputs held in stock and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock as on the date of grant of registration.
The below-mentioned criterion doesn’t come under the purview of Input Tax Credit, with regards to registration of persons:
- Capital goods held by a person as on the date of registration will be exclusive of Input Tax Credit.
- Input Tax Credit can’t be claimed for the person who has applied for registration beyond the prescribed period of thirty days, with respect of goods held in stocks and inputs contained in semi-finished or finished goods held in stock as on the date in which he becomes liable for registration.
Section 18 of CGST Act
As already seen, Section 18(1) of CGST Act entitles a registered person to claim input tax credit by filing a declaration in Form GST ITC 01. The timeline for claiming credits for inputs in stock in finished, semi-finished or capital goods are as follows:
- If claimed only once by a taxpayer during his/her lifetime – the date prior to the date of registration.
- If claimed during the financial year – the day prior to the supposed date of payment of tax under section 9.
- Claims, as per clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 18 – supplies undertaken by a registered taxpayer prior to the day of tax liability.
Goods Qualifying for the Provision
Input Tax Credit can be claimed by a taxpayer for the following goods:
- In-stock inputs.
- Semi-finished or finished stock of inputs.
- Capital goods (if a composition dealer withdraws from a composition scheme or where exempted goods are converted into taxable ones).
Conditions for the Claim
The following taxpayers are included under the purview of Input Tax Credit (ITC):
- Taxpayers granted with GST registration within the timeframe of being liable to GST provisions, barring those under voluntary registration.
- Taxpayers with the details on purchases on or after the appointed day but prior to the registration, barring those covered under composition scheme or voluntary registration scheme.
Declaration of Claims on GST Portal
Since the basics are now done with the fundamentals, let us dive into the application procedure through which the claim of ITC can be filed and declared:
Step 1: Login
The taxpayer may initiate the proceedings by login into the official GST portal.
Step 2: Login
The user can log in to the portal using his/her credentials.
Step 3: ITC Forms
The user may now choose the option of ‘Returns’ and ‘ITC Forms’ from the Services drop-down menu.
Step 4: Actions in the Form Page
The GST ITC Form page is displayed. The user may select the ‘Prepare Online’ option to prepare the statement by furnishing the requisite entries on the GST portal.
Step 5: Declaration for Claim
The appropriate selection may be selected from the claim made under the drop-down list.
Step 6: Furnish Details
In the following page, the requisite details must be specified, which includes:
- The GSTIN of the supplier.
- Invoice number.
- The date of invoice.
- Type of goods (to be selected among the options in the drop-down list).
- Description of inputs.
- Unit Quantity Code (again, to be chosen).
- The quantity of input.
- Invoice value.
- Amount of ITC claimed in the form of Central Tax, State/UT Tax, Integrated Tax, and Cess.
Step 7: Add Button
Clicking on the ‘Add’ button helps save these details on the portal, after which the ‘Save’ button must be selected. The user may also edit or delete the saved invoice by clicking on the ‘Edit/Delete’ option.
The data chosen may be frozen by clicking on the ‘Submit’ option, which effectively submits Form GST ITC-01. After submission, the taxpayer shall click the ‘Proceed’ option, which ultimately freezes the contents and makes it non-editable. The status of GST ITC-01 will reflect as submitted after the page is refreshed.
Updating Details of Certifying Chartered Accountants or Cost Accountant
If the value of an ITC range above Rs. 2 lakhs, the details of Chartered Accountant/Cost Accountant must be updated, in addition to the attachment of a CA/cost accountant certificate. For this purpose, the user needs to furnish the requisite details of the Chartered/Cost Accountant and save it on the portal. The details to be furnished include:
- Name of the firm issuing the certificate.
- Name of the certifying Chartered Accountant/Cost Accountant.
- Membership number of the Chartered or Cost Accountant.
- The date of issuance of the certificate.
Filing GST ITC-01 using DSC/EVC
The following steps will assist the user in the filing of GST ITC-01 using DSC/EVC:
Step 1: Checkbox
Choose the checkbox.
Step 2: Authorized Signatory
Now, the authorized signatory may be chosen from the drop-down list, which enables the option of filing using DSC or EVC.
Filing with DSC
Step 1: Select the Certificate
Select the certificate by clicking on “Proceed.”
Step 2: Sign
Click on the option “Sign.”
Filing with EVC
Step 1: OTP
The authorized signatory will be sent an OTP in his/her registered number or e-mail, which must be entered to proceed to the final verification stage.
Step 2: Verify
Choose the option “Verify,” after which a success message will be displayed on the screen, along with the ARN. The status will now be displayed as filed.
This effectively concludes the procedure of filing Form ITC GST-01.
Input Tax Credit for Goods Received in Installments
If the recipient is receiving goods in instalments or parts, the claim of Input Tax Credit is only permissible after the receipt of the final lot of goods or instalment.
Input Tax Credit for Vehicles and Conveyance
To start with, the reader must understand that Input Tax Credit is generally not allowed to motor vehicles and conveyances, but for some exceptions. Here we focus on its exceptions i.e. on the facets where Input Tax Credit would be allowed for motor vehicles and conveyances.
Taxable supply of vehicles or conveyance
This is in a case where vehicle and conveyance are used for taxable supply, i.e. further supply of such vehicle or conveyance.
Supply of transportation of passengers
Input Tax Credit is allowed for the transportation of passengers through motor vehicles or conveyances. This is not applicable if an assessee tries to transport his own employees free of cost, whereby he will be void of availing Input Tax Credit.
If motor vehicles or conveyances are used in imparting training with regards to driving, flying, navigating such vehicles or conveyances, input tax credit would be permissible.
Transportation of Goods
If vehicles and conveyances are used for transportation of Goods from one place to another, Input Tax Credit with respect to these vehicles and conveyances would be allowed.
Scope of Input Tax Credit with regards to immovable property can be classified with two focal points:
- Input Tax Credit is not permissible for works contract services, supplied for an immovable property, except in the case of plant and machinery, or input service for further supplies of work contract service.
- Goods or services received by a taxable person for construction of an immovable property, except in the case of plant and machinery, including when the goods and services so supplied are used for furtherance of business, are excluded from any claims under Input Tax Credit.
Goods or Services Not Eligible for Input Tax Credit
A tax-payer would be void of availing Input Tax Credit for the following categories of goods and services.
- Supply of services such as outdoor catering, food and beverages, beauty treatment, health services, cosmetic surgery. The taxpayer however, would be eligible in cases of inward supply of goods or services used by a registered person for making an outward taxable supply, where the category of goods or supplied would be the same, or part of a taxable composite and mixed supply.
- Membership at a club, health and fitness centre.
- Cab Services, life or health insurance services.
- Travel benefits offered to employees during vocation or leave travel concession.
Check out the article below for full list of goods and services not eligible for GST input tax credit:
Gifts and Samples Not Eligible for Input Tax Credit.
Goods relinquished by way of gift or free samples, or through loss, robbery or destruction through any means, do not qualify for claim in Input Tax Credit. Also, any person engaged in compensation in lieu of tax wouldn’t be eligible to claim Input Tax Credit.
Time Limit for Claiming Input Tax Credit
An assessee will not be given the privilege to claim Input Tax Credit if he/she fails to claim the same while furnishing the returns due for the particular period. Also, any act of paying taxes through fraud, wilful misstatement, or suppression of facts would be held ineligible to the claim of Input Tax Credit.
Know more about Input Tax Credit in the guide below:
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