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Economically Weaker Sections Bill 2019

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Economically Weaker Sections Bill 2019

The Government of India (GoI) passed the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) Bill in January 2019, to increase employment opportunities and benefits by providing 10 % reservation for an appointment in educational institutions, civil posts and civil services for citizens’ income is below the stipulated threshold.


The EWS bill was issued by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (SJE) to improve the economic stability of the weaker section in India. It was tabled under the Economic Weaker Section Reservation Bill Article 15(4) and Article 16(4). The bill was sanctioned with Rs. 4315.15 crores to implement the benefits for the scheme.

The eligibility criteria to apply EWS bill will be determined using the accumulated income and property assets. This bill does not equal with OBC reservation and hence it applies only to the people belonging to General category and not to SC, ST and OBCs. However, if the applicant has not availed from other benefits reserved for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes or the Socially and Educationally Backward Classes, the individual is applicable to avail benefits from EWS.

The bill was proposed to promote equality, eliminate economic weakness, social backwardness, provide education at premium institutions and share of power that has been neglected for generations.

Objectives of EWS Bill

To set up parameters to dismantle trans-generational and economic disadvantages that do not fall under other welfare schemes provided by the GoI.

Create reservation to increase the employment opportunities in civil service departments and premium educational institutions

Destabilise economic weakness and increase the literacy rate  in India

Eligibility Criteria to Avail EWS Benefits

  • The applicant must belong to the General category
  • The total accumulated income of the family should be less than 8 lakhs annually (including profit from the business, agriculture, professional services)
  • The individual or the family members should reside near slum areas, rural or urban
  • Primary income source is through manual or household labour, artisanship in rural or urban society
  • Member of National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)
  • Possession of agricultural land by the individual or family not more than 5 acres
  • Belonging to a female-headed household
  • Education of both the parents below higher secondary in matriculation schools
  • If the applicant owns a household property, it should not exceed more than 1000 sq.ft
  • If the applicant owns a residential plot, it should not exceed more than 100 sq. yards in a notified municipality sector and 200 sq. yards in a non-notified municipality sector

Applicants who have migrated from the following states:

S. No.


2West Bengal
4Jammu and Kashmir
8Madhya Pradesh
9All North-Eastern States

Application Process to Avail EWS Benefits

To avail the EWS benefits, the applicant must avail Income and Asset Certificate as per Annexure-I from Tahsildar, District Magistrate, Collector, District magistrate, Extra Assistant Commissioner, Revenue Officer or Sub-Divisional Officer.

Manual Process

Step 1: Apply for Income and Asset Certificate through the Application form.

Issuance of Income Asset Certificate for Economically Weaker Sections(EWS)ApplicationForm

Step 2: Submit the form to any of the above-mentioned government authoritative member along with the required documents.

Step 3: A government employee from the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment will visit the applicants’ premises to validate the credentials.

Online Process

The government of Andhra Pradesh has created an option MeeSeva Portal to avail the benefits of EWS through online. The portal can be used to avail, submit documents by the applicant and verify the documents online. The portal also displays the status of the application on whether it has been accepted or rejected.

Step 1:  Create a new user name and password to login to the MeeSeva portal

Step 2: Select the option Issuance of Income and Asset Certificate for EWS

Step 3: Provide the required details with valid credentials

Step 4: Application number is generated

Step 5: Fill the application form with valid credentials

Step 6: Upload all the documents

Step 7: Pay Rs. 45 as processing fee

Step 8: Check for the status of the application

Step 9: If approved, the applicant will receive a message from the portal and the applicant can download the certificate from the portal

For more details on online process, User Manual Income Asset Certificate for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) Ver 1.0 - Dept

Documents Required

  • Details of the applicant such as Aadhar Card, PAN card, Driving License and Ration card
  • Copy of IT returns attested by an authorised CA
  • Property documents if any
  • Passport size photographs
  • Affidavit and
  • Community certificate

For more information on how to avail benefits from the EWS, click here

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