Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems
Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems
Crime and Criminal Tracking Networks and Systems (CCTNS) is a Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) of the Indian Government. It has been conceptualized with the aim of creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing through the principle of e-Governance. Moreover, it seeks the creation of nationwide networking infrastructure for the evolution of IT-enabled state-of-the-art tracking system around ‘Investigation of crime and detection of criminals.’ This article covers the legal system in detail.
Scope of Implementation
The project would be implemented in line with the NeGP principle of “centralized planning and de-centralized implementation”. The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and other designated bodies would be engaged in the planning process, collaborating with the Police leadership within States, developing a few core components, and in monitoring and reviewing the initiative. The States and Union territories would be driving the planning and implementation at the State level.
The striking feature of CCTNS implementation at the State level is the “bundling of services” concept, according to which each of the states selects one System Integrator (SI), who would be the single point of contact for the State for all the components of CCTNS. These components include the application, hardware, communications infrastructure, associated services such as Capacity Building and Handholding, etc.
Vision and Objectives
The following are the objectives of the scheme:
- Make the Police function in a more citizen-friendly and transparent manner by automating the functioning of Police Stations.
- Improve the provision of citizen-centric services through the effective usage of ICT.
- Grant the Investigating Officers of the Civil Police with the essential tools, technology and information to support the investigation of crime and detection of criminals.
- Improve the police functioning in various domains such as Law and Order, Traffic Management etc.
- Enable the interface between Police Stations, Districts, State/UT headquarters and other Police Agencies.
- Aid senior Police Officers in managing the Police Force.
- Keep track of the progress of cases.
- Reduce manual and redundant records keeping.
- Citizens/Citizen’s groups
- State Police Department
- External Departments of the states such as Courts, Passport Office, Transport Department, Hospitals etc.
- Non-Governmental/Private sector organizations
The initiative envisages the provision of the following benefits:
- Enhanced tools for investigation.
- Repository for Centralized crime and criminal investigation, along with criminal images and imprints with advanced search capabilities.
- Improved ability to analyze crime patterns and/or modus operandi.
- Improved ability to analyze road incidents and other accidents.
- Quicker turnaround time for the analysis results (criminal and traffic) to reach the field officers.
- Reduced workload for the back-office activities of the police stations such as preparation of regular and ad-hoc reports, along with station records management.
- A collaborative knowledge-oriented environment where knowledge is disseminated across various regions and units.
- Improved coordination and communication with external stakeholders through the implementation of electronic information exchange systems.
Ministry of Home Affairs
- Standardized means of capturing crime and criminal data across India’s police stations
- Faster and easier access to crime information across the country in a way that is agreeable to trend and pattern analysis.
- Enhanced ability to identify crime patterns through modus operandi across the States/UTs, and communication of the same to the state police departments for aiding crime prevention.
- The ability to provide a speedy response, with greater accuracy to inquiries from the parliament, citizens and citizen groups; and to RTI queries.
- Easy and cost-efficient scalability of crime and criminal systems in the long run.
- Plenty of channels to access services from the police.
- Simplified process for registration of petitions.
- Simplified process for accessing basic services, which includes certificate requests, validations and permissions.
- Simplified process of tracking the progress of the case during trials.
- Simplified process and channel for registration of grievances.
- Improved relationship management for victims and witnesses.
- Faster and assured response from the police to any emergency calls for assistance.
- Seamless integration with police systems for improved provision of service to citizens and better law enforcement.
- Speedy exchange of accurate information with the police department.