West Bengal Professional Tax
West Bengal Professional Tax
Professional tax is a State Government tax levied on the income received by employment, profession, calling, or trade. The Municipal Corporations of the respective states impose professional tax through predetermined slab rates. Professional tax is paid on a monthly or annual basis. Moreover, it can be claimed as a deduction from the salary under Section 16 of the Income Tax Act. Different states cover different rates and methods of collection for professional tax. This article looks at the details of West Bengal professional tax and its e-payment procedure.
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The West Bengal State Legislature passed the “West Bengal State Tax on Professions, Trades, Callings and Employments Act, 1979” for its citizens. The persons liable to pay Profession Tax under the Act are divided into two categories.
- In the case of salaried persons and wage earners, the employer (Public and Private Sectors, Government who distribute salary or wages to the employees) deducts the Profession Tax from the salary or wages and is liable to deposit the same with the State Government.
- For other categories of individuals, the person who has engaged in employment, profession, calling, and trade is responsible for paying the tax.
The taxpayer can obtain West Bengal Professional Tax registration through IndiaFilings.
Exemption from West Bengal Professional Tax
The State Government may exempt or reduce the payable tax for any class of persons by issuing notifications.
Currently, the members of the forces and the members of the Indian Navy serving in any part of West Bengal are exempted from the payment of professional tax. The exemption also applies to any person drawing a pay or an allowance in Army or Air Force, or Navy.
The members of auxiliary forces or reservists serving in any part of West Bengal and drawing pay and allowances as additional forces or reservists are exempted from payment of Profession Tax.
Salary and Wages
Any person earning a salary or wages is liable to pay professional tax. Salary and wages under the West Bengal State Tax on Professions, Trades, Callings and Employments Act, 1979 are described below.
Salary and wages include the following.
- Pay, Dearness Allowance, and any other amount paid as allowance.
- Remunerations are received in cash or any other kind regularly.
- Honorarium, perquisites, and profit instead of salary
- Leave encashment amount
- Leave concessional pay and subsistence allowance.
Salary and wage do not include the following.
- Medical reimbursement
- Reimbursement of conveyance charges, traveling allowance
- Salary paid to apprentice under Apprentices Act, stipend paid to the trainee
- Statutory bonus, gratuity, and ex-gratia payment.
- Pension granted to an employee is not considered a salary. Therefore, pensioners are not liable to pay Professional Tax on their retirement.
Requisites for West Bengal Professional Tax Payment
The self-employed person requires the Certificate of Enrolment and receipt of annual tax payment but does not require filing any return.
An Employer requires a Certificate of Registration, monthly tax payment, and annual returns filing.
West Bengal Professional Tax Slab Rate
The ‘Schedule’ of tax rates per West Bengal State Tax on Professions, Trades, Callings, and Employments Act, 1979, is provided in the table. The professional tax should be paid at the rates specified in the West Bengal Professional Tax Schedule.
|Class of persons / Income
|Rate of tax
Employees earning monthly salary or wages—
(i) Not exceeding Rs.8,500
(ii) Above Rs.8,500 but not exceeding Rs. 10,000
(iii) Above Rs. 10,000 but not exceeding Rs. 15,000
(iv) Above Rs. 15,000 but not exceeding Rs. 25,000
(v) Above Rs.25,000 but not exceeding Rs.40,000
(vi) Above Rs.40,000
Rs.110 per month
Rs. 130 per month
Rs. 150 per month
Rs. 200 per month
The annual gross income in the preceding year or part thereof of any persons engaged in any profession or calling but not employed as an employee is –
(i) Not more than Rs. 60,000
(ii) Above Rs. 60,000 but not exceeding Rs. 72,000
(iii) Above Rs. 72,000 but not exceeding Rs. 84,000
(iv) Above Rs. 84,000 but not exceeding Rs. 96,000
(v) Above Rs. 96,000 but not exceeding Rs. 1,08,000
(vi) Above Rs. 1,08,000 but not exceeding Rs. 1,80,000
(vii) Above Rs. 1,80,000 but not exceeding Rs. 3,00,000 (viii) Above Rs. 3,00,000 but not exceeding Rs. 5,00,000
(ix) Above Rs. 5,00,000
Rs. 480 per annum
Rs. 540 per annum
Rs. 600 per annum
Rs. 1,080 per annum
Rs. 1,320 per annum
Rs. 1,560 per annum
Rs. 2,000 per annum
Rs. 2,500 per annum
The annual gross turnover or gross yearly receipt in the preceding year or part thereof of any persons engaged in any profession or trade that involves the supply of goods or services or both is—
(i) Not more than Rs. 5,00,000
(ii) Above Rs. 5,00,000 but not exceeding Rs.7,50,000
(iii) Above Rs. 7,50,000 but not exceeding Rs.25,00,000 (iv) Above Rs. 25,00,000 but not exceeding Rs. 50,00,000 (v) Above Rs. 50,00,000
Rs. 300 per annum
Rs. 600 per annum
Rs. 1,200 per annum
Rs. 2,500 per annum
|Persons engaged in any profession, trade, or calling in West Bengal.
|Rs. 2,500 per annum
Note: Any person covered in entry 4 of the Schedule is liable to pay the tax at the rate of Rs. 2,500 per annum, irrespective of the gross turnover or gross receipts of such person.
In a case where a person falls under more than one entry in the Schedule, the highest rate of tax specified under the entries is applicable.
Every person who comes under entry numbers 2 to 4 of the “Schedule” attached to the Act should acquire an Enrolment Certificate within 90 days from the date of liability to pay tax. A person liable to pay tax should apply for enrolment.
The concerned Deputy Commissioner / Profession Tax Officer will notify and determine the tax to be paid by an enrolled person if they fail to pay the due tax or pay less than the actual amount to be paid. If a person fails to apply for enrolment within the prescribed days, a penalty of Rs.100 will be imposed for delay of each month or part of it. Besides, the provision of punishment with simple imprisonment with or without a fine is available for the said default.
Every employer (not being a Government officer) should apply and secure a Certificate of Registration to deduct the professional tax from the salary or wages payable to his employees.
The tax must be removed per the slab mentioned in Serial No.1 of the Schedule. Such an employer should apply for registration online within 90 days from the date of liability. An employer with more than one work within the jurisdiction of different authorities should make a separate application for registration.
However, the Commissioner of Profession Tax may allow single registration for the whole of West Bengal. An employer failing to apply for registration within 90 days from the date of liability will be imposed a penalty of Rs 500 for the delay of each month or part of it.
Professional Tax Return Filing
All registered employers are required to submit the returns, wherein an enrolled person is not required to file any returns.
For late filing of Return, a late fee of Rs 200/- must be paid for the first month of default and Rs 100/- for each subsequent month. Non-submission of Return is a punishable offense with simple imprisonment with or without a fine.
Due Date for Professional Tax Payment
Profession Tax can only be paid through the Government of West Bengal online portal.
- The enrolled persons should pay the professional tax on or before July 31st of each financial year.
- For registered employers, professional tax should be paid monthly.
Note: If an employer or an enrolled/unenrolled person fails to pay tax within the due time, they will be liable to pay simple interest @ 1% per month on due tax.
West Bengal Professional Tax e-Payment
The Directorate of Commercial Taxes under the Government of West Bengal facilitates the e-payment of Profession Tax for its citizens.
Step 1: To pay professional tax online, visit the official website of the West Bengal professional tax online portal.
Step 2: The home page appears. Under the e-Services menu, click the e-Payment tab redirecting to another page.
Step 3: The e-Payment can be made through 4 options.
- Using Profession Tax Enrolment No (12-digit numeric)
- Using Profession Tax Registration No (12-digit numeric)
- Using Profession Tax Government ID (12-digit numeric)
- Using Application No for new Profession Tax Enrolment (11-digit numeric)
Note: VAT No (11-digit numeric) can be used if the citizen forgets the enrolment or registration number.
Choose any one option and click submit to make the necessary payment.
Check Payment Details
The status of the payment made can be checked by entering the Government Receipt number (GRN), and clicking submit.
The Profession Tax Act provides for the imposition of penalties in different cases.
Some such cases are: –
- Willful failure to apply for enrolment /registration within the prescribed time.
- They are intentionally providing false information in the application for registration/enrolment.
- Failure to file the Return within the prescribed time.
- Failure to pay tax within the prescribed time.
- Willful failure to maintain books of accounts and records.
The West Bengal Profession Tax law provides for prosecution for certain offenses. Such offenses are bailable with simple imprisonment, fine, or both. The violations include:-
- Failure to pay tax by an enrolled person.
- Failure to furnish a return by a registered employer.
- We are furnishing incorrect information in Return.
- Refusal or negligence to provide information as required under the law.
- Failure to produce and explain records and books of accounts for inspection as required by an authority under the law.