Types of Assessment
Types of Assessment
Assessment is the process of determination of tax. Determination of tax liability depends on a lot of deciding factors. In this article, let us explore the various types of assessment.
Self-assessment, as the name suggests, is the determination of tax by an individual, based on the accounts of previous records concerning taxable transactions. The registered person then goes on to file returns based on the transactions performed and the amount so calculated by him. This must be performed in a stipulated time.
The basic requisite for determination of tax is the clarity. If the registered person finds it difficult on estimating a tax value, or is confused with its rates, he may approach the proper officer, and make a request in allowing him to determine and deposit the tax on a provisional basis.
This is also termed as scrutiny assessment, thanks to its way in assessing, which involves examination of the registered person, with the help of relevant returns, documents, etc, by the concerned tax officials, in order to adjudge the credibility concerning the payments of the taxpayer. The registered person is expected to extend his co-operation, in terms of making himself available before the tax officer for explanation and clarification on queries posed by the concerned officer, and ensuring the relevant records or documents of the taxable person. If found guilty of any evasion or the like, the taxpayer must be provided with the opportunity to hear.
This is almost similar to the scrutiny assessment/regular assessment. The only significant difference is that the registered person is not given an opportunity to hear. The tax liability so determined will be issued in the form of an order to the liable one.
Best Judgement Assessment
If the process of regular assessment is not found to be conclusive, due to the non co-operation of the taxpayer, inadequate documents, or on the occasion of dissatisfaction voiced by the proper officer concerning the authenticity of records submitted by him, he may take a decision on his own accord, on the basis of records/documents available at his disposal.