Swachh Bharat Mission
Swachh Bharat Mission
The Swachh Bharath Mission was launched in the year 2014 on the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi. It is a nationwide campaign that caters to the cleanliness of the streets, roads and infrastructure across the length and breadth of India and is envisaged as a solution to open defecation and contamination of drinking and bathing water, which is a sanitary problem in the country. The mission operates with both national and rural components, which are respectively headed by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. It is propagated as a movement that fulfils Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of a Clean India.
The Mission has been established with the objective of eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and setting up an accountable mechanism for monitoring the usage of the toilet.
Swachh Bharat Mission for Urban Areas
The initiative seeks to eliminate open defecation, convert unsanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, remove manual scavenging, manage municipal wastes and inculcate a behavioural change in people concerning healthy sanitation practices. It aims to cover 1.04 crore households, provide 2.5 lakh community toilets, 2.6 lakh public toilets, and a solid waste management facility in all towns. The toilets will be built in residential areas where building individual household toilets is considered difficult. Apart from this, public toilets will be constructed in tourist places, markets, bus stations, railway stations etc.
Swachh Bharat Mission for Rural Locales
Also known as Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), the initiative seeks to make India an open defecation free country in five years, improve the cleanliness levels in rural locales through Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and to make Gram Panchayats Open Defecation Free (ODF).
The mission will be executed by engaging gram panchayats, Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad in the country, as well as a large section of the rural populous, including school teachers and students. Incentives will be provided for the construction of Individual Household Latrines (IHHL) for Below Poverty Line (BPL) and Above Poverty Line (APL) households restricted to SCs/STs, small and marginal farmers, landless labourers with homestead, physically handicapped and women-headed households.
Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan
Launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development under the Swachh Bharat Mission, the initiative seeks to provide separate toilets for both boys and girls in government schools within a span of a year and ensure that schools across the country has a set of essential interventions pertaining to both technical and human development aspects of a good water, sanitation and hygiene programme.
Swachh Bharat Kosh
Also known as Rashtriya Swachhata Kosh, the initiative seeks to facilitate and channelize individual philanthropic contributions and CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility Funds) to achieve the objective of the parent mission (Swachh Bharat). The implementation would cater to the improvement of cleanliness levels in rural and urban areas, including schools.
Swachh Bharat Challenges
Swachh Bharat Challenge is an initiative that helps people in sharing their experience with Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, thereby paving the way for other people to accept the challenge and join hands with the Abhiyan. A user may extend the challenge to a maximum of nine persons, the likes of whom could challenge more people. This would help in the growth of the activity and the campaign as a whole.