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Rights of Property Seller in India


Rights of Property Seller in India

The Transfer of Property Act governs the sale of immovable property in India. As per the Act, in the absence of a contract, the buyer and the seller of the immovable property have certain vested rights and responsibilities. In this article, we look at such rights and responsibilities of a property seller in India. Also, to consult a Lawyer on property matters, visit

Property Seller Responsibilities

The following are the responsibilities of a real estate property seller in India:

Disclose Material Defect in Property Title

As per the Transfer of Property Act, a seller requires to disclose the buyer any known material defect in the property or in the seller’s title, which the buyer is not aware and could not discover with ordinary care.

Provide Documents & Information for Examination

At the request of the buyer, the seller provides all documents of title to the buyer relating the property for examination, which are in the seller’s possession or power. In addition, the seller requires to answer to the best of his information all relevant questions put to him by the buyer with respect to the property or the property’s title.

Execute Proper Conveyance

On payment or tender of the consideration for the property, the seller requires to execute a proper conveyance of the property at a proper time and place. Further, between the date of the contract for the sale and delivery of the property, the buyer must take care of the property and all documents of title.

Give Possession to Property

On execution of the conveyance, the buyer requires to provide give to the seller or any person as directed by the seller, Pay all Dues up to Sale

The seller of the property requires to pay all public charges and rent accrued due in respect of the property up to the date of the sale. Further, the interest on all encumbrances on such property due on such date to be borne by the seller unless the property is sold subject to encumbrances.

Sellers Interest in the Property

When a seller enters into a contract for the sale of property with a buyer, it is deemed that the interest which the seller professes to transfer to the buyer exists and that the seller has the power to transfer the property.

Transfer of Property Documents

When all of the purchase-money has been paid to the seller, the seller requires to deliver to the buyer all documents of title – relating to the property which are in the seller’s possession or power. If in case, the seller retains any part of the property, then the seller entitles to retain the property documents. In case of sale of the property to multiple buyers, then the buyer of a lot of the greatest value is entitled to the original property documents.

Property Sellers Rights

As per the Transfer of Property Act, the property seller enjoys the following rights.

Rents and Profits

The seller entitles to the rents and profits of the property until the ownership passes to the buyer.

Charge on Property

In case ownership of the property has passed to the buyer before payment of the whole of the purchase-money, then the seller has a right to a charge upon the property in the hands of the buyer. Further, the seller has a right to the amount of the purchase-money or unpaid part of the consideration and for interest on such amount or part from the date on which possession has been delivered.