Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana
The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana (PMKSY) was formed in the year 2017 as Sampada (Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters). Its implementation is vested with the Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI), Government of India. Described as an umbrella scheme, it incorporates a lot of ongoing schemes of the Ministry, which is briefly covered in this article.
Objective and Scope
The scheme seeks to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and reduce Agri-Waste. The comprehensive package offered by it would potentially result in the creation of modern infrastructure with efficient supply chain management from farm gate to the retail outlet. Apart from boosting the growth of the food processing sectors in the country, it would provide the farmers with improved returns, even doubling their income. It creates vast employment opportunities in rural locales, reduces wastage of agricultural produce, increases the processing level and enhances export of the foods so processed.
The scheme has been allocated with a sum of INR 6,000 crores and is expected to leverage an investment of INR 31,400 crore. Through this, the Government believes that around 20 lakh farmers would be benefitted, generating 5,30,500 direct/indirect employment in the country within the year 2020.
The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana envisages the implementation of the following schemes:
Mega Food Parks
The Mega Food Park initiative offers a mechanism to link agricultural production to the market by integrating farmers, processors and retailers for ensuring optimal value addition, minimal wastage, enhanced farmers income, higher income for farmers, and the creation of employment opportunities in the rural sector. It is designed on a “Cluster” approach and proposes the creation of state-of-the-art support infrastructure in a well-defined agri / horizontal zone for setting up modern food processing units in the industrial plots provided in the park with a well-established supply chain. A typical Mega Food park comprises of supply chain infrastructure, which includes collection centers, primary processing centers, central processing centers, cold chain and around 25-30 fully developed plots, entirely meant for setting up food processing units. Till now, seventeen Mega Food parks are functioning across the country, which includes:
- Srini Mega Food Park, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh.
- Godavari Mega Aqua Park, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh.
- North East Mega Food Park, Nalbari, Assam.
- Gujarat Agro Mega Food Park, Surat, Gujarat.
- Cremica mega Food Park, Una, Himachal Pradesh.
- Jharkhand Mega Food Park, Ranchi, Jharkhand.
- Integrated Mega Food Park, Tumkur, Karnataka.
- Indus Mega Food Park, Khargoan, Madhya Pradesh.
- Paithan Mega Food Park, Aurangabad, Maharashtra.
- Satara Mega Food Park, Satara, Maharashtra.
- MITS Mega Food Park, Rayagada, Odisha.
- International Mega Food Park, Fazilka, Punjab.
- Greentech Mega Food Park, Ajmer, Rajasthan.
- Patanjali Food and Herbal Park, Haridwar, Uttarakhand.
- Himalayan Mega Food Park, Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarakhand.
- Jangipur Bengal Mega Food Park, Murshidabad, West Bengal.
- Sikarai Mega Food Park, West Tripura, Tripura.
Integrated Cold Chain and Value Addition Infrastructure
The scheme of Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure is meant for providing integrated cold chain and preservation infrastructure facilities in a manner which is uninterrupted, from the gate to the consumer. It entails the creation of infrastructural facilities along the entire supply chain viz. pre-cooling, weighing, sorting, grading, waxing facilities at farm level, multi-product / multi-temperature cold storage, CA storage, packing facility, IQF, blast freezing in the distribution hub and reefer vans, mobile cooling units for distribution of horticulture, organic produce, marine, dairy, meat and poultry, etc. The scheme enables flexibility in project planning, and particular emphasis would be laid on the creation of cold chain infrastructure at the farm level.
Creation/ Expansion of Food Processing/ Preservation Capacities (Unit Scheme)
This scheme aims to enhance the level of processing and value addition, resulting in the reduction of wastage; it is implemented through organizations such as Central & State PSUs, Joint Ventures, Farmer Producers Organizations (FPOs), NGOs, Cooperatives, SHG’s, Private Limited Companies, etc.
Agro Processing Cluster
Agro Processing Clusters are designed for the development of modern infrastructure and standard facilities. The purpose of such development is to encourage a group of entrepreneurs to set up food processing units based on a cluster approach by linking groups of producers/farmers to the processors and markets through a well-equipped supply chain with modern infrastructure. All Agro Processing Clusters associated with the scheme is made up of two essential components – which are; Basic Enabling Infrastructure and Core Infrastructure / Common Facilities. The former entails roads, water supply, power supply, drainage, ETP, etc., and the latter deals with warehouses, cold storages, IQF, tetra pack, sorting, grading, etc.
Scheme for Creation of Backward and Forward Linkages
This scheme aims to offer effective and seamless backward and forward integration for the processed food industry by plugging the supply chain gaps in terms of raw material availability and linkages with the market. It facilitates the provision of financial assistance for the setting up of primary processing centres/collection centres at farm gate and modern retail outlets at the front end along with connectivity through insulated/refrigerated airport.
The Scheme has been prescribed for perishable horticulture and non-horticulture produce such as fruits, vegetables, dairy products, meat, poultry, fish, ready to cook Products, honey, coconut, spices, mushroom, retails shops for perishable food products, and the likes of it.
For the implementation of this scheme, the Ministry has sought the assistance of Technical Agencies (TAs) for assisting farmer/producer groups including Farmer Producer Companies, Farmer Producer Organization, and Self-Help Groups so as to trigger the latter’s participation in the scheme. For the implementation of this scheme, the Ministry has sought the assistance of Technical Agencies (TAs) for assisting farmer/producer groups including Farmer Producer Companies, Farmer Producer Organization, and Self-Help Groups so as to trigger their participation in the scheme.
Food Safety and Quality Assurance Infrastructure
The hallmark of any food product is assessed in terms of its quality and safety. To meet this requirement, the government has been extending financial assistance under the following components:
- Setting Up/Up-gradation of Quality Control/Food Testing Laboratories
- HACCP/ISO Standers/Food Safety/Management Systems
Human Resources and Institution
This scheme would comprise of the following four components:
- Research and Development
- Promotional Activities
- Skill Development
- Strengthening of Institutions