Income-Tax-Filing-for-Architects

Income Tax For Architects

Income Tax For Architects

Architects are required to pay Income Tax to the government in relation to the income they receive by carrying out their profession. They earn their income through a variety of means and each method is associated with a different method of taxation. In this article, we briefly discuss the various aspects of chargeability of income tax for architects.

Income

Architects can earn their living in this field through methods such as starting an architectural firm and becoming their own boss, by providing consultancy services or by joining an architectural company. Based on the type of setup, the income and taxation can be divided into three categories as below:

Individual Architect

Individuals who earn their living by being an employee of an organization are not necessitated to maintain accounting records or books. TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) should be deducted from the employees for income from head salary and if they file their returns, it would be more than sufficient to satisfy the requirements for an individual. Also, no extra expense will be allowed as a deduction from the salary, other than those included Under Section Section 80C to 80U.

Architecture Firm

  • People who render professional services by playing the role of a consultant in partnership firms, joint ventures, LLP (Limited Liability Partnership) and companies need to maintain their Books of Accounts, as specified in section 44AA of income tax act, 1961.
  • The deductions available in the case of partnership firms are for all direct expenditures, which includes the salary drawn by the architect, maintenance expenditure (which pertains to the housekeeping expenditure), indirect expenditure which is for payment of building on lease and house rent charges.
  • Of the above-mentioned types of professional services rendered, LLP is popular in the recent era, because it is cost effective and the capacity for growth is immense as it allows unlimited partners.

Presumptive Taxation

  • There are also cases wherein there is absolutely no necessity to maintain a bill register or a stock list of consumables if the gross receipts in the previous year don’t exceed Rs.5000000. Tax audit report need not be filed if the income is not less than 50% of the gross receipts.
  • In case the taxpayer has opted for a presumptive income scheme, no books of accounts need to be maintained, as specified under Section 44ADA, but advance tax should be paid by such professionals in one installment.
  • Advance tax is applicable to professionals on a quarterly basis, but if their tax payment is based on the presumptive taxation scheme, the entire amount must be remitted by March 31st every year.
  • If an architect’s gross receipts exceed Rs.50 lakhs per annum, then they are liable to undergo a tax audit under Section 44AB.  Tax audits are usually conducted by a qualified Chartered Accountant.

Deductions 

  • Architects can claim deductions through sections 80C to 80U for Life Insurance premiums, tuition fees of their children, fixed deposit and mutual fund for a maximum of Rs. 1,50,000 per year. In addition to this, they can claim deductions for medical and health insurance policies up to a maximum limit of Rs.25,000, which is Rs. 30,000 for senior citizens.
  • Other deductions allowed for architects includes any salary paid to other employed architects, rent payable for the office, fees for attending seminars or conferences, internet and telephone charges, stationery, maintenance and housekeeping charges; and if the architect works from home, portions of rent and electricity charges shall also be deducted.

Income Tax Form

As far as filling up of income tax forms are concerned while filing the returns, architects who work as individuals in a company and earn a salary are subjected to fill up ITR-1. It is ITR-4 for architects who render professional services in partnership firms.

Due Date for Filing

Architects who are required to get their books audited must file their tax returns within September 30th,  and those who are not necessitated to fulfill this obligation must file their returns by the  31st of July.

To know about Section 44AE of the Income Tax Act, click here.

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Post by Harish Sukumaran

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