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Duties and Rights of Partner in LLP


Duties and Rights of Partner in LLP

A Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is a popular business structure that combines the benefits of a partnership and a limited liability company. In an LLP, partners have specific duties and rights that govern their organizational roles and responsibilities. Understanding these duties and rights is crucial for maintaining a harmonious and efficient partnership. This article aims to provide an overview of the Duties and Rights of Partner in LLP, highlighting the key aspects that partners need to be aware of. By familiarizing themselves with these obligations and entitlements, partners can contribute to the success of the LLP while safeguarding their interests.

LLP (Amendment) Rules, 2023 – Revised LLP Form No.3

Understanding Partner in Limited Liability Partnership (LLP

In a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP), a partner refers to an individual or an entity that joins with others to establish and operate the business. Partners in an LLP can be individuals, corporations, or other LLPs. They come together to contribute resources, skills, and expertise to run the LLP and share its profits and losses. The importance of partners in an LLP lies in their collective effort and collaboration to drive the business’s success.

  • Each partner brings their unique skills, knowledge, and experience, contributing to the overall growth and development of the LLP.
  • Partners can achieve greater operational efficiency, financial stability, and market competitiveness by pooling their resources and expertise.
  • Partners play key roles in the decision-making, management, and day-to-day operations of the LLP.
  • They actively shape the strategic direction, set goals, and formulate policies and procedures.
  • Partners are also responsible for fulfilling legal and regulatory obligations, maintaining financial transparency, and ensuring compliance with applicable laws.

The partnership deed covers partnership management details.

All partners have the freedom to establish their contractual terms within the framework of their partnership agreement. These terms encompass specific rights and duties that partners must fulfill following the partnership agreement. Without a partnership deed or in case of disputes, the Indian Partnership Act of 1932 provides recommended regulations to govern the partnership association. The partnership deed explicitly outlines the rights and responsibilities of each partner, addressing various aspects of partnership management, such as the division of work, allocation of revenue shares, distribution percentages for claims, and risk management protocols.

Duties and Rights of Partner in LLP – Partnership Deed

Partners can refer to the partnership deed to determine their mutually agreed-upon rights and responsibilities, which can be modified with the consent of all partners, either expressly or impliedly. For instance, if one partner regularly conducts audits of the firm’s account balances, and the other partners do not object to this practice, it is assumed that the partner’s actions align with the consensus of all partners, even in the absence of a formal written agreement on the matter. Consequently, they possess the authority to determine the rights of their partners. Any contracts that breach the terms of the agreement are considered invalid under Section 27 of the Indian Contracts Act of 1872. Agreements restricting the exercise of a legitimate profession, trade, or business are null and void.

Rights of Partners in an LLP

Partners in a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) hold certain rights that contribute to their participation and influence in the business. Typically outlined in the LLP agreement, these rights govern the partnership’s dynamics. The following are key rights that LLP partners can expect:

  • Right to Participate in Management: LLP partners have the right to actively engage in the management and decision-making processes of the business. They can contribute to shaping the direction and future decisions of the LLP.
  • Right to Share in Profits: Partners in an LLP have the legal entitlement to a share in the profits generated by the partnership. The distribution of profits is typically determined based on the terms specified in the LLP agreement and the partners’ contributions to the LLP.
  • Right to Information: LLP partners have the right to access relevant information regarding the operations and affairs of the LLP. This includes crucial details about the LLP’s financials, such as financial statements and other pertinent data.
  • Right to Inspect Records and Books: Partners in an LLP are entitled to examine the LLP’s records and books. This right allows partners to ensure compliance with the LLP agreement, verify the accuracy of financial statements, and monitor the overall management of the business.
  • Right to Dissent: LLP partners can voice their disagreement with certain LLP decisions, including those considered “majority decisions” as specified in the LLP agreement. A dissenting partner may be able to prevent the LLP from taking specific actions.
  • Voting Rights: Partners in an LLP typically possess voting rights on matters related to the LLP’s operations and affairs. This includes decisions regarding the admission of new partners, major business decisions, and amendments to the LLP agreement.

These partner rights in an LLP aim to ensure that all partners have a say in decision-making processes, receive equitable compensation, and access essential business information. These rights contribute to the collaborative and fair functioning of the LLP, fostering a sense of participation and accountability among partners.

Duties of Partners in an LLP

Partners in a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) have a range of responsibilities toward each other and the LLP as a whole. These duties are based on loyalty, good faith, and fair dealing principles. The following are the key duties of LLP partners:

  • Fiduciary Duty: LLP partners owe a fiduciary duty to one another, requiring them to prioritize the interests of the LLP over their interests. They must avoid conflicts of interest and disclose any that may arise.
  • Duty of Loyalty: Partners in an LLP have a duty of loyalty to the LLP and fellow partners. This entails refraining from engaging in activities that compete with the LLP’s business and keeping confidential information of the LLP private.
  • Duty of Care: LLP partners have a duty of care towards the LLP and fellow partners. They are expected to exercise the same level of care, skill, and judgment as a reasonable person in similar circumstances when making decisions for the LLP.
  • Duty of Disclosure: LLP partners must disclose relevant information to the LLP and fellow partners. They must share any pertinent information and notify the partners of any actions taken on behalf of the LLP.
  • Duty to Act in Good Faith: LLP partners must conduct themselves with honesty, integrity, and good faith towards the LLP and fellow partners. They should act in a trustworthy manner, maintaining the best interests of the LLP.
  • Duty to Act within Authority: Each partner in an LLP must act within the scope of their designated responsibilities as defined in the LLP agreement or by agreement with other partners. They should not engage in activities that fall outside the scope of the LLP’s business.

These duties of LLP partners promote equity, honesty, and loyalty, ensuring that the LLP operates in the best interests of all partners. By fulfilling their obligations, partners contribute to the smooth functioning and success of the LLP.

Becoming a Partner in an LLP

Becoming a partner in an LLP typically involves following a defined procedure outlined in the LLP agreement. Here are the main steps involved:

  • Eligibility Requirements: The LLP agreement specifies the eligibility criteria for becoming a partner. This may include factors such as a minimum investment, relevant experience, or other qualifications deemed appropriate by the LLP.
  • Application Submission: Once the eligibility requirements are met, the applicant submits a partnership application. The application typically includes information about the applicant’s background, expertise, and intended financial contribution to the LLP.
  • Approval by Existing Partners: The existing partners review and evaluate the partnership application. The decision to accept the applicant as a partner is based on factors like qualifications, skills, and potential contributions to the LLP.
  • Signing the LLP Agreement: If the application is approved, the applicant must sign the LLP agreement. This agreement outlines the terms and conditions of the partnership and the rights and responsibilities of the individual as a partner in the LLP.
  • Capital Contribution: The new partner must make a capital contribution upon signing the LLP agreement. This contribution can be made in a lump sum or through multiple payments over a specified period.
  • Commencement of Partnership: After the capital contribution, the new partner officially joins the LLP as a partner. They assume the duties and enjoy the rights outlined in the LLP agreement.

It’s important to note that the specific process for joining an LLP may vary depending on the LLP agreement and its unique requirements. Individuals interested in becoming partners should carefully review the LLP agreement and seek legal advice to ensure a thorough understanding of the process.


Understanding the Duties and Rights of Partner in LLP is the foundation of a well-functioning partnership. Upholding their fiduciary duty, the duty of loyalty, the duty of care, and the duty of good faith ensure the LLP’s integrity and success. Simultaneously, partners enjoy the rights to participate in management, share profits, access information, inspect records, and express dissent when necessary. Partners contribute to a collaborative and prosperous LLP environment by understanding and fulfilling these duties and rights.