Budget-2018-Income-Tax

Budget 2018 -19 – Income Tax

Budget 2018 -19 – Income Tax

The Hon’ble Finance Minister announced various schemes and subsidies in his 2018 Budget speech. Some of the major areas of focus in the Budget 2018 are agriculture and healthcare. Click here for a complete analysis of the 2018-19 Budget. In this article, we look at the major changes to Income Tax announced in the Budget 2018-19.

Some of the he highlights of Budget 2018-2019 are as follows :

  • No Change in the income tax exemption limit, Cess hiked from 3% to 4% for taxpayers.
  • Salaried tax payers and pensioners to get a standard deduction of ₹ 40,000 in lieu of transport allowance and other medical expenses.
  • For critical illness, the deduction has increased to ₹ 1,00,000.
  • All senior citizens will now be able to claim benefit of a deduction of ₹ 50,000 for any medical insurance.
  • For senior citizens, the government has announced a number of measures that will help them to ease their tax burden:
    • Exemption of interest income on deposits with banks and post offices to be increased from ₹ 10,000 to ₹ 50,000
    • Hike in deduction limit for health insurance premium from ₹ 30,000 to ₹ 50,000 under section 80D.
    • TDS not required to be deducted under section 194A and benefit also available for interest from all fixed deposit schemes and recurring deposit schemes.
    • Increase in deduction limit for medical expenditure for certain critical illness from Rs. 60,000 (in case of senior citizens) and from Rs. 80,000 (in case of very senior citizens) to Rs. 1 lakh for all senior citizens, under section 80DDB
  • Education cess now to be called as Health and Education cess effective rate increased to 4% from 3%.
  • Tax on Long Term Capital Gains exceeding Rs. 1 lakh at the rate of 10 percent, without
    allowing any indexation benefit.

Standard Deduction Reintroduced for Salaried Individuals:

According to 2018 Budget, salaried individuals will get a standard deduction of ₹ 40,000 on income in place of the present exemption allowed for transport allowance (₹ 19,200 per year) and reimbursement of miscellaneous medical expenses (₹ 15,000 per year), which is a net difference of ₹ 5,800 per year.

Standard deduction allows for a flat deduction from income of a salaried individual towards expenses an employee would incur in relation to his or her employment. No proof is required.

Standard deduction, which was earlier available to the salaried individuals on their taxable income, was abolished with effect from assessment year 2006-07.

Both salaried employees and pensioners would benefit from this proposal.

Cess hiked from 3% to 4% for taxpayers:

The proposed Budget has not made any changes in the Income tax rates and slab. However, the cess was hiked from 3 % to 4 % across the board of taxpayers.

Resident individual below the age of 60 years:

Net Income RangeIncome Tax rates and cess
Upto Rs.2,50,000NIL
Rs.2,50,001 to Rs.5,00,0005% of (total income minus Rs.2,50,000) +4% CESS
Rs. 5,00,000 to Rs. 10,00,000Rs.12,500 + 20% of (total income minus Rs. 5,00,000) + 4% CESS
Rs.10,00,001 and aboveRs.1,12,500 + 30% of (total income  minus Rs.10,00,000)+4% CESS

Here is an example for the above Income tax slab and the increased Cess:

Sources  of incomeAs per 2017-2018 StructureAs per 2018-2019 Structure
Taxable Income4,50,0004,50,000
Standard Deduction040,000
Transport allowance19,2000
Medical reimbursement15,0000
Net Taxable Income4,15,8004,10,000
Tax8,2908,000
Cess248.7320
Total Tax to be paid8538.78310
Savings218.7

The above example illustrates about the employee income details and the tax calculation for both the Financial Year(2017-18) and the Assessment Year(2018-19).

This Section provides for income tax rebate to individuals earning income below the specified limit. It is being provided to reduce the tax burden of lower income bracket.

The rebate of Rs.2500 can be claimed if the taxpayers satisfy both the following conditions:

  • If he/she is a Resident Individual
  • If his/her Total Income Less Deductions(under Section 80) is equal to or less than Rs.3,50,000.

According to the proposed structure of the income tax slab the Standard deduction of Rs.40,000 will be deducted and the Cess will be calculated for 4%.

Resident individual who is of age of 60 years or above but less than 80 years

Net Income RangeIncome Tax rates and cess
Upto Rs.3,00,000NIL
Rs.3,00,001 to Rs.5,00,0005% of (total income minus Rs.3,00,000) +4% CESS
Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,000Rs.10,000+ 20% of (total income minus Rs. 5,00,000) + 4% CESS
Rs.10,00,001 and aboveRs.1,10,000+ 30% of (total income  minus Rs.10,00,000)+4% CESS

Here is an example for the above Income tax slab and the increased Cess:

Sources  of incomeCurrent  Slab StructureProposed Structure
Taxable Income6,00,0006,00,000
Standard Deduction040,000
Transport allowance19,2000
Medical reimbursement15,0000
Net Taxable Income5,65,8005,60,000
Tax23,16022,000
Cess694.8880
Total Tax to be paid23854.822,880
Savings974.8

The above example illustrates about the employee income details and the tax calculation for both the Financial Year (2017-18) and the Assessment Year(2018-19).

According to the proposed structure of the income tax slab the Standard deduction of Rs.40,000 will be deducted and the Cess will be calculated for 4%.

Resident individual who is of age 80 years or above

Net Income RangeIncome Tax rates and cess
Upto Rs.5,00,000NIL
Rs.5,00,001 to Rs.10,00,00020% of (total income minus Rs.5,00,000) +4% CESS
Rs.10,00,001 and aboveRs.1,10,000+ 30% of (total income  minus Rs.10,00,000)+4% CESS

Here is an example for the above Income tax slab and the increased Cess:

Sources  of incomeCurrent  Slab StructureProposed Structure
Taxable Income8,00,0008,00,000
Standard Deduction040,000
Transport allowance19,2000
Medical reimbursement15,0000
Net Taxable Income7,65,8007,60,000
Tax53,16052,000
Cess1,594.82,080
Savings674.8

 The above example illustrates about the employee income details and the tax calculation for both the Financial Year(2017-18) and the Assessment Year(2018-19).

According to the proposed structure of the income tax slab the Standard deduction of Rs.40,000 will be deducted and the Cess will be calculated for 4%.

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