Conversion of Sole Proprietorship to a Private Limited Company

Sole Proprietorship to a Private Limited Company Conversion

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Convert a Sole Proprietorship to a Private Limited Company

Sole Proprietorship is a business entity that is wholly owned and controlled by an individual, individuals who want to start a business can register Sole proprietorship. As the business grows it is necessary to convert it into a Private Limited company for better advantages. It is better to opt for a Company as it gives the entity status of the separate legal entity but also a Private limited company has more advantages than a sole proprietorship.

A private limited company has significant advantages over other types of business ownership. Here we will look at the requirements and the procedure for converting a sole proprietorship into a company.

Before we talk about the conversion we will talk about the difference between the sole proprietor and the Private Limited Company.

Sr. No Difference Sole Proprietorship Private Limited Company
1 Registration Informal Registration Is registered under the Companies Act, 2013
2 Legal status Is not a separate legal entity Is a separate legal entity under the Companies Act,2013
3 Transferability of shares Not transferable Shares are transferrable
4 Liability Unlimited Limited by the extend of shares
5 Members 1 member only

Minimum 2 member

Maximum 200

6 Taxation Income tax is the same for the proprietor and the proprietorship The profits are taxed at 30% surcharges and cess as applicable
7 Compliance Annual return, Annual accounts are required to be filed with the ROC every year.


Conditions for converting of a Sole Proprietorship

  • For converting an agreement has to be made between the sole owner and the Private Limited Company.
  • The MOA has to include a line that says – “Take over of sole ownership concern”
  • Additionally, all the benefits and the liabilities of the sole proprietorships are to be transferred to the Private Limited Company
  • The sole owner needs to be the voting member of the organizational director board. If the directorial board is half the size of the organization.
  • Also the Companies Act, 2013 makes it mandatory for those who have the minimum share capital of a private limited be Rs.1,00,000.

Documents required for the conversion of a Sole Proprietorship

  • PAN Card of the Directors
  • Aadhar card copy
  • Passport size photographs
  • Ownership proof of the business place
  • Rental agreement
  • NOC from the landlord
  • Electricity or the water bill.
  • Form 1 must be filed with the MOA, AOA
  • Form 18 specifies the details of the registered office
  • Form 32 contains the information of the Director.

Step by Step procedure for registering as a Private Limited Company

  1. The Companies Act of 2013 and the Income Tax Act of 1961 govern the conversion of a sole proprietorship to a Private Limited Company.


  1. At first, we help in obtaining the DIN and the Digital Signature Certificate has to be obtained for all the Directors


  1. The name of the corporation is to be approved in Form 1


  1. We also prepare the Memorandum of Association and the Articles of Association that outline the objectives and the policies.


  1. An application is made to the MCA for establishing the Company


  1. You will be issued the incorporation certification roughly in 7 to 10 days.


But this is subject to the submission of documents and Government processing.


Benefits of registering a Company

There are various reasons for registering as a Private Limited company here we have listed a few of them:

Capital expansion:  A sole proprietor is limited to the capital of the owner, a Private Limited company has fundraising options and can raise capital.

Limited Liability: A sole proprietor is responsible for the losses and the personal assets of the sole proprietor are attached to repay creditors in case of losses. In the case of a company, these liabilities are limited by the shares or warranty.

Perpetual succession: The sole proprietorship is dependent on a single person the existence is limited till the proprietors. Whereas the private limited company is considered to be a single entity and is not bound by the existence of a single owner.


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