Nija Griha Nijo Bhumi Scheme
Nij0 Griha Nijo Bhumi Scheme
Possessing a land is a dream that not all people realize, as the aspect of affordability derails plenty of them in this pursuit. Nijo Griha Nijo Bhumi, the English translation for which is “My Home My Land,” is a scheme which was launched by the Government of West Bengal to provide land-related benefits to the needy. The scheme has been integrated with other developmental schemes so as to benefit the people involved in it. In this article, we look at the Nijo Griha Nijo Bhumi scheme in detail.
Mode of Implementation
The nomination of the distributed pattas is either accorded to the woman who is the head of the family; or mutually to the husband and spouse. The beneficiaries will be provided with pattas, record-of rights and possession of land. This would enable the families to construct a house on the given land, with the assistance of other developmental schemes provided by the Government such as Indira Awas Yojana (IAY), Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Rajiv Gandhi Vidhyutayan Yojana; etc. The house could be used for residence and generation of income through various means of cultivation and the likes of it.
The scheme intends to benefit the landless and homestead-less rural agricultural labourers, artisans, the families engaged in the activity of fishing and the heirs of such persons not holding any family relationships with the former.
The eligibility has further been classified into the following categories:
- Landless and homestead-less rural agricultural labourers, artisans and families engaged in the activity of fishing, which is headed by women belonging to the Scheduled Tribe.
- Landless and homestead-less rural agricultural labourers, artisans and families engaged in the activity of fishing, which is headed by women belonging to the Scheduled Caste.
- Landless and homestead-less rural agricultural labourers, artisans and families engaged in the activity of fishing, which is headed by women belonging to Minority Communities and Other Backward Class Communities.
The Department of Land and Land Reforms would procure the particular lands at the fair market value, the funds for which could be extracted from other sources, which may include the likes of departmental allocations. The bulk of the contributions are made by the State Government. The Central Government may also be involved in the sponsorship in the near future.
The land to be distributed under the scheme must be apt for residential purposes, which includes amenities like kitchen garden, animal husbandry, and household enterprise. The land must meet all the basic requirements such as proper drainage facilities water facilities, etc., and shouldn’t be in proximity to geographically hazardous locations or locations prone to river erosion or other natural catastrophes.
Another important aspect of consideration is the land should be located amidst an appropriate neighbourhood. Hence, sufficient care should be taken to provide homestead plots to at-least 15 families arranged in a cluster. These clustered plots must contain the basic standard facilities like housing, water, sanitation, drainage, street lights etc.
Allocation of land involves the following steps:
- Shortlisting and finalizing the list of beneficiaries.
- Identification of land for the purpose.
- Distribution of land to the beneficiaries.