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Income-Tax-Deduction-from-Salary-2019-2020

Income Tax Deduction from Salary 2019-2020

Income Tax Deduction from Salary 2019-2020

The Ministry of Finance (MoF) notified income tax deduction from salary for the year 2019-2020 through the Circular No.1/2019. The rules for the deduction shall be implemented through Section 192 of the Income Tax Act. The circular describes the following for deduction of income tax from the salary:

  • Rates of tax
  • Surcharge
  • Method of Tax Calculation
  • Relief when Salary Paid in Advance or Arrear
  • Computation of Income under the head – Income from House Property
  • Salary Paid in Foreign Currency
  • Due dates for payment of TDS
  • Income up to Rs.5 Lakh and other rules

Rates of Tax

Normal Rates of Tax

S.No.Total IncomeRate of Tax
1Total income maximum of Rs.2,50,000Nil
2Total income above Rs.2,50,000 but less than Rs.5,00,000Five per cent on the amount exceeding above Rs.2,50,000
3Total income above Rs.5,00,000 but less than Rs.10,00,00020 per cent on the amount exceeding above Rs.5,00,000 and Rs.12,500
4Total income above Rs.10,00,00030 per cent on the amount exceeding above Rs.10,00,000 and Rs.1,12,500

Tax Rate for Individual and Resident of India (Age 60 years or more but less than 80 during the FY)

S.No.

Total Income

Rate of Tax

1

Total income maximum of Rs.3,00,000

Nil

2

Total income above Rs.3,00,000 less than Rs.5,00,0005 per cent on the amount exceeding above Rs.3,00,000

3

Total income above Rs.5,00,000 but less than Rs.10,00,00020 per cent on the amount exceeding above Rs.5,00,000 and Rs.10,000

4

Total income above Rs.10,00,00030 per cent on the amount exceeding above Rs.10,00,000 and Rs.1,10,000

Tax Rate for Individual and Resident of India (Age 30 years or more during the FY)

S.No.

Total Income

Rate of Tax

1

Total income maximum of Rs.5,00,000

Nil

2

Total income above Rs.5,00,000 but less than Rs.10,00,00020 per cent on the amount exceeding above Rs.5,00,000

3

Total income above Rs.10,00,00030 per cent on the amount exceeding above Rs.10,00,000 and Rs.1,00,000

Surcharge on Income Tax

Income Tax for every Individual, Hindu undivided family or association of persons or body of individuals as per Section 111A, Section 112, or Section 112A

S.No.Total IncomePercentage of Tax
1Total income above Rs.50 lakh but less than Rs.1 crore10 per cent
2Total income above Rs.1 crore but less than Rs.2 crore15 per cent
3Total income above Rs.2 crore but less than Rs.5 crore25 per cent
4Total income above Rs.5 crore37 per cent
5Total income above Rs.2 crore but not covered under clause (c) and clause (d) of Section 111A and Section 11215 per cent

The following person’s surcharge under Section 111A and Section 112A shall not exceed 15 per cent if the income exceeding:

S.No.

Total Income

1

Total income above Rs.50 lakh but less than Rs.1 crore

2

Total income above Rs.1 crore but less than Rs.2 crore

3

Total income above Rs.2 crore but less than Rs.5 crore

4

Total income above Rs.5 crore

Tax Relief When Salary Paid in Arrear or Advance

To avail tax relief under Section 89, the following assessee shall furnish the details in Form 10E. The following are the assessee to avail tax relief as per Section 192(2A):

  • Government employee
  • An employee in a company,
  • Co-operative society employee,
  • Local authority employee,
  • A University employee,
  • An employee in an Institution or
  • An employee in an association or body

However, the assessee shall not be eligible for tax relief under the following circumstances:

  • Voluntary retirement or termination of service
  • Related with any scheme or schemes of voluntary retirement
  • As per Section 10(10C)(i) of a public sector company
  • Associated with any scheme of voluntary separation
  • If any amount received
  • Claimed by the assessee as per Section 10(10C)

Income from House Property

On account of including the loss from house property by the employee, the required details shall be sent to the DDO. The following information shall be attached along with Form No.12BB as per Rule 26C of Section 192(2D):

  • Total annual rent or value
  • Municipal Taxes receipt
  • Deduction claimed for the interest paid if required
  • Any other deductions claimed
  • Address of the property

Conditions to Deduct Interest on Borrowed Capital for Income from House Property

As per Section 24(b) the interest can be deducted from the income from houses. The following are the conditions to claim the deduction on borrowed capital:

  • The deduction shall be permitted if the employee owns the house property
  • The following are the maximum deduction allowed:
S.No.Purpose of Borrowing CapitalDate of Borrowing Capital

Max. Deduction Allowed

1Repair, renewal, reconstruction of the houseAny timeRs.30,000
2Purchase or construction of the houseBefore 01/04/1999Rs.30,000
3Purchase or construction of the houseOn or after 01/04/1999Rs.1,50,000 (up to AY 2014-15)
Rs.2,00,000 (from 2015-16)

Note: The total deduction of S.No.1 and 3 of the table should not exceed Rs.2,00,000 from the FY 2019-20.

Condition to claim the deduction for Serial No.3 on the above table

  • The purchase or the construction of the house should have been completed within 5 years.
  • The DDO should have the ‘completion certificate’ of the property for which the deduction is being claimed
  • If any interest for the previous period from the applied FYs to the current FY shall be allowed to deduct in equal instalments
  • The employee seeking for deduction shall acquire the ‘completion certificate’ with the details on borrowed capital. If in the case of a new loan has been obtained to repay the previous loan, the certificate shall have the details of the loan availed.
  • The following documents should be provided:
    • Paid Interest and remaining interest to be paid
    • Name and Address of the lender
    • PAN or Aadhaar number of the lender

Due Dates for TDS

The following tables describe the payment or deposit of TDS to the credit of the Central Government:

For Office Other than the Office of Government

S.No.

Description

Depositing Time

1

Tax deducted in March

30th April next FY

2

Tax deducted apart from March

On the 7th Day of the next month

3

Tax on perquisites opted to be deposited by the employer

On the 7th Day of the next month

If following are the dates for quarterly payments of TDS if the DDO applies to Additional or Joint Commissioner of Income Tax:

S.No.

Description

Depositing Time

1

30th June7th July

2

30th September7th October

3

31st December7th January

4

31st March30th April next Financial Year

To know about Interest and Penalty for TDS, click here

Certificate for Tax Deducted

As per Section 203, the DDO or the bank shall provide the details of the tax deducted in Form 16. The following are the details furnished in Form 16:

    • PAN or Aadhaar number
    • Tax deduction and Collection account number (TAN)
    • Book Identification Number (BIN)
    • Challan Identification Number (CIN)
    • Receipts of all quarterly statements
  • If in the case the DDO fails to issue the certificate, the DDO shall be fined with Rs.100 every day.
  • The certificate shall be generated if the PAN or the AAdhaar number is valid
  • The status of Form 16 should match with Form 24G or OLTAS.
  • The employer should provide the total amount of the salary, including the exemption under Section 10.
  • The employer should provide the total amount of salary, excluding Section 10 in column 333 of Form 24Q.
  • The details of TDS on loss from House Property can be detailed in column 350.

Click here to know about Perquisites under Income Tax Act

Due Dates of filing Quarterly Statements in Form 24Q

S.No.

Ending date of the quarter of FY

Due Date

1

30th June31st July of the FY

2

30th September31st October of the FY

3

31st December31st January of the FY

4

31st March31st May of the FY (immediately following the FY in which the deduction is made)

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Post by Peter

Peter is a Senior Content Writer and Copy Editor in Finance specializing in GST and Import & Export. He has also written articles on Medical, Philosophy, and Literature and published research papers in international journals.

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