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GST Interstate vs Intrastate

GST Interstate vs Intrastate Supply Meaning

GST Interstate vs Intrastate Supply Meaning

In GST, the terms interstate and intrastate have tremendous significance in the determination of IGST, CGST or SGST. Interstate supply attracts IGST, while intrastate supply attracts CGST and SGST. In this article, we look at the definition of interstate supply and intrastate supply as per GST Act.

What is Interstate Supply?

Under GST, supply of goods or services from one state to another would be called as interstate supply. The GST Act defines interstate supply as when the location of the supplier and the place of supply for the customer are in:

  • Two different States; or
  • Two different Union territories; or
  • State and a Union territory.

In addition to the above, the supply of goods imported into India, till they cross the customs station is also classified as interstate supply. Also, supply of goods or services to or by a Special Economic Zone developer or a Special Economic Zone unit is classified as interstate supply.

What is Intrastate Supply?

Under GST, supply of goods or services within the same state or Union territory is called as intrastate supply. However, supply of goods or services to a Special Economic Zone developer or Special Economic Zone unit situated within the same state would not be intrastate supply. As any supply of goods or services to a Special Economic Zone developer or Special Economic Zone unit is classified as interstate supply.

GST Interstate vs Intrastate Supply
GST Interstate vs Intrastate Supply

GST Interstate vs Intrastate Supply

Under GST, interstate supply attracts Integrated Goods and Services Tax or IGST. Intrastate supply attracts both Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) and State Goods and Services Tax (SGST). In the case of intrastate supply, the GST rate for the goods or services would remain the same. However, the GST rate and tax amount are divided equally into the two heads namely SGST and CGST.

For example, if a Rs.1,00,000 worth laptop is sold by an electronics store in Maharashtra to a customer in Karnataka and the applicable GST rate is 18%, then Rs.18000 IGST would be applicable. If the laptop is sold by an electronics store in Maharashtra to a customer in Maharashtra, then CGST or Rs.9000 and SGST or Rs.9000 would be applicable.

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